Video Depth Estimation by Fusing Flow-to-Depth Proposals

30 Dec 2019  ·  Jiaxin Xie, Chenyang Lei, Zhuwen Li, Li Erran Li, Qifeng Chen ·

Depth from a monocular video can enable billions of devices and robots with a single camera to see the world in 3D. In this paper, we present an approach with a differentiable flow-to-depth layer for video depth estimation. The model consists of a flow-to-depth layer, a camera pose refinement module, and a depth fusion network. Given optical flow and camera pose, our flow-to-depth layer generates depth proposals and the corresponding confidence maps by explicitly solving an epipolar geometry optimization problem. Our flow-to-depth layer is differentiable, and thus we can refine camera poses by maximizing the aggregated confidence in the camera pose refinement module. Our depth fusion network can utilize depth proposals and their confidence maps inferred from different adjacent frames to produce the final depth map. Furthermore, the depth fusion network can additionally take the depth proposals generated by other methods to improve the results further. The experiments on three public datasets show that our approach outperforms state-of-the-art depth estimation methods, and has reasonable cross dataset generalization capability: our model trained on KITTI still performs well on the unseen Waymo dataset.

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