Voltage-Dependent Electromechanical Wave Propagation Modeling for Dynamic Stability Analysis in Power Systems

21 Nov 2023  ·  Somayeh Yarahmadi, Daniel Adrian Maldonado, Lamine Mili, Junbo Zhao, Mihai Anitescu ·

Accurate dynamic modeling of power systems is essential to assess the stability of electrical power systems when faced with disturbances, which can trigger cascading failures leading to blackouts. A continuum model proves to be effective in capturing Electromechanical Wave (EMW) propagation characteristics, including its velocity, arrival time, and deviations. Analyzing these characteristics enables the assessment of the impacts of EMW on the performance of the protection system. Prior research has often modeled nonlinear EMW propagation through Partial Differential Equations (PDEs) within a homogeneous and uniform frame structure, assuming constant bus voltages across the entire power system. However, this assumption can produce inaccurate results. In this paper, we relax this assumption by introducing a second-order nonlinear hyperbolic EMW propagation equation model that accounts for voltage variations. Additionally, we present numerical solutions for the EMW propagation equation using the Lax-Wendroff integration method. To validate our approach, we conduct simulations on two test systems: a two-bus one-machine system and the New England 39-bus 10-machine system. The simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed model and emphasize the importance of including the bus voltage equations in the analysis.

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