Wav2Seq: Pre-training Speech-to-Text Encoder-Decoder Models Using Pseudo Languages

We introduce Wav2Seq, the first self-supervised approach to pre-train both parts of encoder-decoder models for speech data. We induce a pseudo language as a compact discrete representation, and formulate a self-supervised pseudo speech recognition task -- transcribing audio inputs into pseudo subword sequences. This process stands on its own, or can be applied as low-cost second-stage pre-training. We experiment with automatic speech recognition (ASR), spoken named entity recognition, and speech-to-text translation. We set new state-of-the-art results for end-to-end spoken named entity recognition, and show consistent improvements on 20 language pairs for speech-to-text translation, even when competing methods use additional text data for training. Finally, on ASR, our approach enables encoder-decoder methods to benefit from pre-training for all parts of the network, and shows comparable performance to highly optimized recent methods.

PDF Abstract


Results from the Paper

Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Benchmark
Named Entity Recognition SLUE Wav2Seq (from HuBERT-large) F1 (%) 65.4 # 3


No methods listed for this paper. Add relevant methods here