What is the best data augmentation for 3D brain tumor segmentation?
Training segmentation networks requires large annotated datasets, which in medical imaging can be hard to obtain. Despite this fact, data augmentation has in our opinion not been fully explored for brain tumor segmentation. In this project we apply different types of data augmentation (flipping, rotation, scaling, brightness adjustment, elastic deformation) when training a standard 3D U-Net, and demonstrate that augmentation significantly improves the network's performance in many cases. Our conclusion is that brightness augmentation and elastic deformation work best, and that combinations of different augmentation techniques do not provide further improvement compared to only using one augmentation technique. Our code is available at https://github.com/mdciri/3D-augmentation-techniques.PDF Abstract