WSEBP: A Novel Width-depth Synchronous Extension-based Basis Pursuit Algorithm for Multi-Layer Convolutional Sparse Coding

28 Mar 2022  ·  Haitong Tang, Shuang He, Lingbin Bian, Zhiming Cui, Nizhuan Wang ·

The pursuit algorithms integrated in multi-layer convolutional sparse coding (ML-CSC) can interpret the convolutional neural networks (CNNs). However, many current state-of-art (SOTA) pursuit algorithms require multiple iterations to optimize the solution of ML-CSC, which limits their applications to deeper CNNs due to high computational cost and large number of resources for getting very tiny gain of performance. In this study, we focus on the 0th iteration in pursuit algorithm by introducing an effective initialization strategy for each layer, by which the solution for ML-CSC can be improved. Specifically, we first propose a novel width-depth synchronous extension-based basis pursuit (WSEBP) algorithm which solves the ML-CSC problem without the limitation of the number of iterations compared to the SOTA algorithms and maximizes the performance by an effective initialization in each layer. Then, we propose a simple and unified ML-CSC-based classification network (ML-CSC-Net) which consists of an ML-CSC-based feature encoder and a fully-connected layer to validate the performance of WSEBP on image classification task. The experimental results show that our proposed WSEBP outperforms SOTA algorithms in terms of accuracy and consumption resources. In addition, the WSEBP integrated in CNNs can improve the performance of deeper CNNs and make them interpretable. Finally, taking VGG as an example, we propose WSEBP-VGG13 to enhance the performance of VGG13, which achieves competitive results on four public datasets, i.e., 87.79% vs. 86.83% on Cifar-10 dataset, 58.01% vs. 54.60% on Cifar-100 dataset, 91.52% vs. 89.58% on COVID-19 dataset, and 99.88% vs. 99.78% on Crack dataset, respectively. The results show the effectiveness of the proposed WSEBP, the improved performance of ML-CSC with WSEBP, and interpretation of the CNNs or deeper CNNs.

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