Zero-Shot Learning with Common Sense Knowledge Graphs

28 Sep 2020  ·  Nihal Nayak, Stephen Bach ·

Zero-shot learning relies on semantic class representations such as hand-engineered attributes or learned embeddings to predict classes without any labeled examples. We propose to learn class representations from common sense knowledge graphs. Common sense knowledge graphs are an untapped source of explicit high-level knowledge that requires little human effort to apply to a range of tasks. To capture the knowledge in the graph, we introduce ZSL-KG, a general-purpose framework with a novel transformer graph convolutional network (TrGCN) to generate class representations. Our proposed TrGCN architecture computes non-linear combinations of the node neighbourhood and leads to significant improvements on zero-shot learning tasks. We report new state-of-the-art accuracies on six zero-shot benchmark datasets in object classification, intent classification, and fine-grained entity typing tasks. ZSL-KG outperforms the specialized state-of-the-art method for each task by an average 1.7 accuracy points and outperforms the general-purpose method with the best average accuracy by 5.3 points. Our ablation study on ZSL-KG with alternate graph neural networks shows that our transformer-based aggregator adds up to 2.8 accuracy points improvement on these tasks.

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