Search Results for author: Alexandre Gramfort

Found 90 papers, 50 papers with code

SKADA-Bench: Benchmarking Unsupervised Domain Adaptation Methods with Realistic Validation

1 code implementation16 Jul 2024 Yanis Lalou, Théo Gnassounou, Antoine Collas, Antoine de Mathelin, Oleksii Kachaiev, Ambroise Odonnat, Alexandre Gramfort, Thomas Moreau, Rémi Flamary

Unsupervised Domain Adaptation (DA) consists of adapting a model trained on a labeled source domain to perform well on an unlabeled target domain with some data distribution shift.

Benchmarking Model Selection +1

Geodesic Optimization for Predictive Shift Adaptation on EEG data

no code implementations4 Jul 2024 Apolline Mellot, Antoine Collas, Sylvain Chevallier, Alexandre Gramfort, Denis A. Engemann

This variability can induce distribution shifts in the data $X$ and in the biomedical variables of interest $y$, thus limiting the application of supervised machine learning (ML) algorithms.

Domain Adaptation EEG

Diffusion posterior sampling for simulation-based inference in tall data settings

1 code implementation11 Apr 2024 Julia Linhart, Gabriel Victorino Cardoso, Alexandre Gramfort, Sylvain Le Corff, Pedro L. C. Rodrigues

Determining which parameters of a non-linear model best describe a set of experimental data is a fundamental problem in science and it has gained much traction lately with the rise of complex large-scale simulators.

Weakly supervised covariance matrices alignment through Stiefel matrices estimation for MEG applications

no code implementations24 Jan 2024 Antoine Collas, Rémi Flamary, Alexandre Gramfort

This paper introduces a novel domain adaptation technique for time series data, called Mixing model Stiefel Adaptation (MSA), specifically addressing the challenge of limited labeled signals in the target dataset.

Domain Adaptation Time Series

MultiView Independent Component Analysis with Delays

no code implementations1 Dec 2023 Ambroise Heurtebise, Pierre Ablin, Alexandre Gramfort

Linear Independent Component Analysis (ICA) is a blind source separation technique that has been used in various domains to identify independent latent sources from observed signals.

blind source separation

The Past, Present, and Future of the Brain Imaging Data Structure (BIDS)

no code implementations11 Sep 2023 Russell A. Poldrack, Christopher J. Markiewicz, Stefan Appelhoff, Yoni K. Ashar, Tibor Auer, Sylvain Baillet, Shashank Bansal, Leandro Beltrachini, Christian G. Benar, Giacomo Bertazzoli, Suyash Bhogawar, Ross W. Blair, Marta Bortoletto, Mathieu Boudreau, Teon L. Brooks, Vince D. Calhoun, Filippo Maria Castelli, Patricia Clement, Alexander L Cohen, Julien Cohen-Adad, Sasha D'Ambrosio, Gilles de Hollander, María de la iglesia-Vayá, Alejandro de la Vega, Arnaud Delorme, Orrin Devinsky, Dejan Draschkow, Eugene Paul Duff, Elizabeth Dupre, Eric Earl, Oscar Esteban, Franklin W. Feingold, Guillaume Flandin, anthony galassi, Giuseppe Gallitto, Melanie Ganz, Rémi Gau, James Gholam, Satrajit S. Ghosh, Alessio Giacomel, Ashley G Gillman, Padraig Gleeson, Alexandre Gramfort, Samuel Guay, Giacomo Guidali, Yaroslav O. Halchenko, Daniel A. Handwerker, Nell Hardcastle, Peer Herholz, Dora Hermes, Christopher J. Honey, Robert B. Innis, Horea-Ioan Ioanas, Andrew Jahn, Agah Karakuzu, David B. Keator, Gregory Kiar, Balint Kincses, Angela R. Laird, Jonathan C. Lau, Alberto Lazari, Jon Haitz Legarreta, Adam Li, Xiangrui Li, Bradley C. Love, Hanzhang Lu, Camille Maumet, Giacomo Mazzamuto, Steven L. Meisler, Mark Mikkelsen, Henk Mutsaerts, Thomas E. Nichols, Aki Nikolaidis, Gustav Nilsonne, Guiomar Niso, Martin Norgaard, Thomas W Okell, Robert Oostenveld, Eduard Ort, Patrick J. Park, Mateusz Pawlik, Cyril R. Pernet, Franco Pestilli, Jan Petr, Christophe Phillips, Jean-Baptiste Poline, Luca Pollonini, Pradeep Reddy Raamana, Petra Ritter, Gaia Rizzo, Kay A. Robbins, Alexander P. Rockhill, Christine Rogers, Ariel Rokem, Chris Rorden, Alexandre Routier, Jose Manuel Saborit-Torres, Taylor Salo, Michael Schirner, Robert E. Smith, Tamas Spisak, Julia Sprenger, Nicole C. Swann, Martin Szinte, Sylvain Takerkart, Bertrand Thirion, Adam G. Thomas, Sajjad Torabian, Gael Varoquaux, Bradley Voytek, Julius Welzel, Martin Wilson, Tal Yarkoni, Krzysztof J. Gorgolewski

The Brain Imaging Data Structure (BIDS) is a community-driven standard for the organization of data and metadata from a growing range of neuroscience modalities.

Evaluating the structure of cognitive tasks with transfer learning

no code implementations28 Jul 2023 Bruno Aristimunha, Raphael Y. de Camargo, Walter H. Lopez Pinaya, Sylvain Chevallier, Alexandre Gramfort, Cedric Rommel

While transfer learning is a promising technique to address this challenge, it assumes that transferable data domains and task are known, which is not the case in this setting.

EEG Eeg Decoding +2

L-C2ST: Local Diagnostics for Posterior Approximations in Simulation-Based Inference

1 code implementation NeurIPS 2023 Julia Linhart, Alexandre Gramfort, Pedro L. C. Rodrigues

Building upon the well-known classifier two-sample test (C2ST), we introduce L-C2ST, a new method that allows for a local evaluation of the posterior estimator at any given observation.

Convolutional Monge Mapping Normalization for learning on sleep data

1 code implementation30 May 2023 Théo Gnassounou, Rémi Flamary, Alexandre Gramfort

In many machine learning applications on signals and biomedical data, especially electroencephalogram (EEG), one major challenge is the variability of the data across subjects, sessions, and hardware devices.

EEG Test-time Adaptation

Optimizing the Noise in Self-Supervised Learning: from Importance Sampling to Noise-Contrastive Estimation

1 code implementation23 Jan 2023 Omar Chehab, Alexandre Gramfort, Aapo Hyvarinen

Nevertheless, we soberly conclude that the optimal noise may be hard to sample from, and the gain in efficiency can be modest compared to choosing the noise distribution equal to the data's.

Self-Supervised Learning

Validation Diagnostics for SBI algorithms based on Normalizing Flows

no code implementations17 Nov 2022 Julia Linhart, Alexandre Gramfort, Pedro L. C. Rodrigues

Building on the recent trend of new deep generative models known as Normalizing Flows (NF), simulation-based inference (SBI) algorithms can now efficiently accommodate arbitrary complex and high-dimensional data distributions.

Data augmentation for learning predictive models on EEG: a systematic comparison

1 code implementation29 Jun 2022 Cédric Rommel, Joseph Paillard, Thomas Moreau, Alexandre Gramfort

Our experiments also show that there is no single best augmentation strategy, as the good augmentations differ on each task.

Data Augmentation EEG +1

Toward a realistic model of speech processing in the brain with self-supervised learning

no code implementations3 Jun 2022 Juliette Millet, Charlotte Caucheteux, Pierre Orhan, Yves Boubenec, Alexandre Gramfort, Ewan Dunbar, Christophe Pallier, Jean-Remi King

These elements, resulting from the largest neuroimaging benchmark to date, show how self-supervised learning can account for a rich organization of speech processing in the brain, and thus delineate a path to identify the laws of language acquisition which shape the human brain.

Language Acquisition Self-Supervised Learning

Averaging Spatio-temporal Signals using Optimal Transport and Soft Alignments

1 code implementation11 Mar 2022 Hicham Janati, Marco Cuturi, Alexandre Gramfort

These complex datasets, describing dynamics with both time and spatial components, pose new challenges for data analysis.

Dynamic Time Warping

The Optimal Noise in Noise-Contrastive Learning Is Not What You Think

1 code implementation2 Mar 2022 Omar Chehab, Alexandre Gramfort, Aapo Hyvarinen

Learning a parametric model of a data distribution is a well-known statistical problem that has seen renewed interest as it is brought to scale in deep learning.

Contrastive Learning

Deep invariant networks with differentiable augmentation layers

1 code implementation4 Feb 2022 Cédric Rommel, Thomas Moreau, Alexandre Gramfort

Practitioners can typically enforce a desired invariance on the trained model through the choice of a network architecture, e. g. using convolutions for translations, or using data augmentation.

Bilevel Optimization Data Augmentation

Long-range and hierarchical language predictions in brains and algorithms

no code implementations28 Nov 2021 Charlotte Caucheteux, Alexandre Gramfort, Jean-Remi King

Predictive coding theory offers a potential explanation to this discrepancy: while deep language algorithms are optimized to predict adjacent words, the human brain would be tuned to make long-range and hierarchical predictions.

Inverting brain grey matter models with likelihood-free inference: a tool for trustable cytoarchitecture measurements

no code implementations15 Nov 2021 Maëliss Jallais, Pedro Luiz Coelho Rodrigues, Alexandre Gramfort, Demian Wassermann

Solving the problem of relating the dMRI signal with cytoarchitectural characteristics calls for the definition of a mathematical model that describes brain tissue via a handful of physiologically-relevant parameters and an algorithm for inverting the model.

LassoBench: A High-Dimensional Hyperparameter Optimization Benchmark Suite for Lasso

1 code implementation4 Nov 2021 Kenan Šehić, Alexandre Gramfort, Joseph Salmon, Luigi Nardi

While Weighted Lasso sparse regression has appealing statistical guarantees that would entail a major real-world impact in finance, genomics, and brain imaging applications, it is typically scarcely adopted due to its complex high-dimensional space composed by thousands of hyperparameters.

Bayesian Optimization Hyperparameter Optimization +2

Shared Independent Component Analysis for Multi-Subject Neuroimaging

1 code implementation NeurIPS 2021 Hugo Richard, Pierre Ablin, Bertrand Thirion, Alexandre Gramfort, Aapo Hyvärinen

While ShICA-J is based on second-order statistics, we further propose to leverage non-Gaussianity of the components using a maximum-likelihood method, ShICA-ML, that is both more accurate and more costly.

MULTI-VIEW LEARNING

Model-based analysis of brain activity reveals the hierarchy of language in 305 subjects

no code implementations Findings (EMNLP) 2021 Charlotte Caucheteux, Alexandre Gramfort, Jean-Rémi King

A popular approach to decompose the neural bases of language consists in correlating, across individuals, the brain responses to different stimuli (e. g. regular speech versus scrambled words, sentences, or paragraphs).

CADDA: Class-wise Automatic Differentiable Data Augmentation for EEG Signals

no code implementations ICLR 2022 Cédric Rommel, Thomas Moreau, Joseph Paillard, Alexandre Gramfort

Data augmentation is a key element of deep learning pipelines, as it informs the network during training about transformations of the input data that keep the label unchanged.

Data Augmentation EEG

Robust learning from corrupted EEG with dynamic spatial filtering

1 code implementation27 May 2021 Hubert Banville, Sean U. N. Wood, Chris Aimone, Denis-Alexander Engemann, Alexandre Gramfort

Building machine learning models using EEG recorded outside of the laboratory setting requires methods robust to noisy data and randomly missing channels.

BIG-bench Machine Learning EEG

Deep Recurrent Encoder: A scalable end-to-end network to model brain signals

1 code implementation3 Mar 2021 Omar Chehab, Alexandre Defossez, Jean-Christophe Loiseau, Alexandre Gramfort, Jean-Remi King

Understanding how the brain responds to sensory inputs is challenging: brain recordings are partial, noisy, and high dimensional; they vary across sessions and subjects and they capture highly nonlinear dynamics.

Disentangling Syntax and Semantics in the Brain with Deep Networks

no code implementations2 Mar 2021 Charlotte Caucheteux, Alexandre Gramfort, Jean-Remi King

The activations of language transformers like GPT-2 have been shown to linearly map onto brain activity during speech comprehension.

Adaptive Multi-View ICA: Estimation of noise levels for optimal inference

no code implementations22 Feb 2021 Hugo Richard, Pierre Ablin, Aapo Hyvärinen, Alexandre Gramfort, Bertrand Thirion

By contrast, we propose Adaptive multiView ICA (AVICA), a noisy ICA model where each view is a linear mixture of shared independent sources with additive noise on the sources.

MULTI-VIEW LEARNING

HNPE: Leveraging Global Parameters for Neural Posterior Estimation

1 code implementation NeurIPS 2021 Pedro L. C. Rodrigues, Thomas Moreau, Gilles Louppe, Alexandre Gramfort

Inferring the parameters of a stochastic model based on experimental observations is central to the scientific method.

EEG

Learning summary features of time series for likelihood free inference

no code implementations4 Dec 2020 Pedro L. C. Rodrigues, Alexandre Gramfort

There has been an increasing interest from the scientific community in using likelihood-free inference (LFI) to determine which parameters of a given simulator model could best describe a set of experimental data.

Time Series Time Series Analysis

Statistical control for spatio-temporal MEG/EEG source imaging with desparsified mutli-task Lasso

no code implementations NeurIPS 2020 Jerome-Alexis Chevalier, Joseph Salmon, Alexandre Gramfort, Bertrand Thirion

To deal with this, we adapt the desparsified Lasso estimator ---an estimator tailored for high dimensional linear model that asymptotically follows a Gaussian distribution under sparsity and moderate feature correlation assumptions--- to temporal data corrupted with autocorrelated noise.

Constrained Clustering EEG +2

Model identification and local linear convergence of coordinate descent

no code implementations22 Oct 2020 Quentin Klopfenstein, Quentin Bertrand, Alexandre Gramfort, Joseph Salmon, Samuel Vaiter

For composite nonsmooth optimization problems, Forward-Backward algorithm achieves model identification (e. g. support identification for the Lasso) after a finite number of iterations, provided the objective function is regular enough.

Statistical control for spatio-temporal MEG/EEG source imaging with desparsified multi-task Lasso

1 code implementation29 Sep 2020 Jérôme-Alexis Chevalier, Alexandre Gramfort, Joseph Salmon, Bertrand Thirion

To deal with this, we adapt the desparsified Lasso estimator -- an estimator tailored for high dimensional linear model that asymptotically follows a Gaussian distribution under sparsity and moderate feature correlation assumptions -- to temporal data corrupted with autocorrelated noise.

Constrained Clustering EEG +2

Spectral independent component analysis with noise modeling for M/EEG source separation

no code implementations21 Aug 2020 Pierre Ablin, Jean-François Cardoso, Alexandre Gramfort

Signals are modelled as a linear mixing of independent sources corrupted by additive noise, where sources and the noise are stationary Gaussian time series.

Denoising Dimensionality Reduction +2

Modeling Shared Responses in Neuroimaging Studies through MultiView ICA

1 code implementation NeurIPS 2020 Hugo Richard, Luigi Gresele, Aapo Hyvärinen, Bertrand Thirion, Alexandre Gramfort, Pierre Ablin

Group studies involving large cohorts of subjects are important to draw general conclusions about brain functional organization.

Anatomy

Debiased Sinkhorn barycenters

3 code implementations ICML 2020 Hicham Janati, Marco Cuturi, Alexandre Gramfort

However, entropy brings some inherent smoothing bias, resulting for example in blurred barycenters.

mvlearn: Multiview Machine Learning in Python

no code implementations25 May 2020 Ronan Perry, Gavin Mischler, Richard Guo, Theodore Lee, Alexander Chang, Arman Koul, Cameron Franz, Hugo Richard, Iain Carmichael, Pierre Ablin, Alexandre Gramfort, Joshua T. Vogelstein

As data are generated more and more from multiple disparate sources, multiview data sets, where each sample has features in distinct views, have ballooned in recent years.

BIG-bench Machine Learning

Support recovery and sup-norm convergence rates for sparse pivotal estimation

no code implementations15 Jan 2020 Mathurin Massias, Quentin Bertrand, Alexandre Gramfort, Joseph Salmon

In high dimensional sparse regression, pivotal estimators are estimators for which the optimal regularization parameter is independent of the noise level.

regression

Spatio-Temporal Alignments: Optimal transport through space and time

2 code implementations9 Oct 2019 Hicham Janati, Marco Cuturi, Alexandre Gramfort

In this paper, we propose Spatio-Temporal Alignments (STA), a new differentiable formulation of DTW, in which spatial differences between time samples are accounted for using regularized optimal transport (OT).

Dynamic Time Warping Time Series +1

Multi-subject MEG/EEG source imaging with sparse multi-task regression

no code implementations3 Oct 2019 Hicham Janati, Thomas Bazeille, Bertrand Thirion, Marco Cuturi, Alexandre Gramfort

Magnetoencephalography and electroencephalography (M/EEG) are non-invasive modalities that measure the weak electromagnetic fields generated by neural activity.

EEG regression +1

Dual Extrapolation for Sparse Generalized Linear Models

1 code implementation12 Jul 2019 Mathurin Massias, Samuel Vaiter, Alexandre Gramfort, Joseph Salmon

Generalized Linear Models (GLM) form a wide class of regression and classification models, where prediction is a function of a linear combination of the input variables.

Learning step sizes for unfolded sparse coding

1 code implementation NeurIPS 2019 Pierre Ablin, Thomas Moreau, Mathurin Massias, Alexandre Gramfort

We demonstrate that for a large class of unfolded algorithms, if the algorithm converges to the solution of the Lasso, its last layers correspond to ISTA with learned step sizes.

Group level MEG/EEG source imaging via optimal transport: minimum Wasserstein estimates

no code implementations13 Feb 2019 Hicham Janati, Thomas Bazeille, Bertrand Thirion, Marco Cuturi, Alexandre Gramfort

Inferring the location of the current sources that generated these magnetic fields is an ill-posed inverse problem known as source imaging.

EEG

Distributed Convolutional Dictionary Learning (DiCoDiLe): Pattern Discovery in Large Images and Signals

1 code implementation26 Jan 2019 Thomas Moreau, Alexandre Gramfort

This algorithm can be used to distribute the computation on a number of workers which scales linearly with the encoded signal's size.

Dictionary Learning Image Denoising

Deep learning-based electroencephalography analysis: a systematic review

3 code implementations16 Jan 2019 Yannick Roy, Hubert Banville, Isabela Albuquerque, Alexandre Gramfort, Tiago H. Falk, Jocelyn Faubert

To help the field progress, we provide a list of recommendations for future studies and we make our summary table of DL and EEG papers available and invite the community to contribute.

Brain Decoding EEG +2

DOSED: a deep learning approach to detect multiple sleep micro-events in EEG signal

1 code implementation7 Dec 2018 Stanislas Chambon, Valentin Thorey, Pierrick J. Arnal, Emmanuel Mignot, Alexandre Gramfort

The proposed approach, applied here on sleep related micro-architecture events, is inspired by object detectors developed for computer vision such as YOLO and SSD.

EEG K-complex detection +5

Beyond Pham's algorithm for joint diagonalization

1 code implementation28 Nov 2018 Pierre Ablin, Jean-François Cardoso, Alexandre Gramfort

The approximate joint diagonalization of a set of matrices consists in finding a basis in which these matrices are as diagonal as possible.

A deep learning architecture to detect events in EEG signals during sleep

1 code implementation11 Jul 2018 Stanislas Chambon, Valentin Thorey, Pierrick J. Arnal, Emmanuel Mignot, Alexandre Gramfort

Annotations of such events require a trained sleep expert, a time consuming and tedious process with a large inter-scorer variability.

EEG Event Detection +2

Accelerating likelihood optimization for ICA on real signals

no code implementations25 Jun 2018 Pierre Ablin, Jean-François Cardoso, Alexandre Gramfort

We study optimization methods for solving the maximum likelihood formulation of independent component analysis (ICA).

Stochastic algorithms with descent guarantees for ICA

1 code implementation25 May 2018 Pierre Ablin, Alexandre Gramfort, Jean-François Cardoso, Francis Bach

We derive an online algorithm for the streaming setting, and an incremental algorithm for the finite sum setting, with the following benefits.

Multivariate Convolutional Sparse Coding for Electromagnetic Brain Signals

1 code implementation NeurIPS 2018 Tom Dupré La Tour, Thomas Moreau, Mainak Jas, Alexandre Gramfort

Frequency-specific patterns of neural activity are traditionally interpreted as sustained rhythmic oscillations, and related to cognitive mechanisms such as attention, high level visual processing or motor control.

EEG Time Series +1

Wasserstein regularization for sparse multi-task regression

1 code implementation20 May 2018 Hicham Janati, Marco Cuturi, Alexandre Gramfort

We argue in this paper that these techniques fail to leverage the spatial information associated to regressors.

regression

Celer: a Fast Solver for the Lasso with Dual Extrapolation

1 code implementation ICML 2018 Mathurin Massias, Alexandre Gramfort, Joseph Salmon

Here, we propose an extrapolation technique starting from a sequence of iterates in the dual that leads to the construction of improved dual points.

Faster ICA under orthogonal constraint

1 code implementation29 Nov 2017 Pierre Ablin, Jean-François Cardoso, Alexandre Gramfort

Independent Component Analysis (ICA) is a technique for unsupervised exploration of multi-channel data widely used in observational sciences.

A deep learning architecture for temporal sleep stage classification using multivariate and multimodal time series

1 code implementation5 Jul 2017 Stanislas Chambon, Mathieu Galtier, Pierrick Arnal, Gilles Wainrib, Alexandre Gramfort

We introduce here the first deep learning approach for sleep stage classification that learns end-to-end without computing spectrograms or extracting hand-crafted features, that exploits all multivariate and multimodal Polysomnography (PSG) signals (EEG, EMG and EOG), and that can exploit the temporal context of each 30s window of data.

Classification EEG +3

Faster independent component analysis by preconditioning with Hessian approximations

2 code implementations25 Jun 2017 Pierre Ablin, Jean-François Cardoso, Alexandre Gramfort

Independent Component Analysis (ICA) is a technique for unsupervised exploration of multi-channel data that is widely used in observational sciences.

Learning the Morphology of Brain Signals Using Alpha-Stable Convolutional Sparse Coding

no code implementations NeurIPS 2017 Mainak Jas, Tom Dupré La Tour, Umut Şimşekli, Alexandre Gramfort

Neural time-series data contain a wide variety of prototypical signal waveforms (atoms) that are of significant importance in clinical and cognitive research.

Time Series Time Series Analysis

From safe screening rules to working sets for faster Lasso-type solvers

1 code implementation21 Mar 2017 Mathurin Massias, Alexandre Gramfort, Joseph Salmon

For the Lasso estimator a WS is a set of features, while for a Group Lasso it refers to a set of groups.

Sparse Learning

GAP Safe Screening Rules for Sparse-Group Lasso

1 code implementation NeurIPS 2016 Eugene Ndiaye, Olivier Fercoq, Alexandre Gramfort, Joseph Salmon

For statistical learning in high dimension, sparse regularizations have proven useful to boost both computational and statistical efficiency.

Gap Safe screening rules for sparsity enforcing penalties

1 code implementation17 Nov 2016 Eugene Ndiaye, Olivier Fercoq, Alexandre Gramfort, Joseph Salmon

In high dimensional regression settings, sparsity enforcing penalties have proved useful to regularize the data-fitting term.

regression

The iterative reweighted Mixed-Norm Estimate for spatio-temporal MEG/EEG source reconstruction

no code implementations28 Jul 2016 Daniel Strohmeier, Yousra Bekhti, Jens Haueisen, Alexandre Gramfort

Source imaging based on magnetoencephalography (MEG) and electroencephalography (EEG) allows for the non-invasive analysis of brain activity with high temporal and good spatial resolution.

EEG

Anomaly Detection and Localisation using Mixed Graphical Models

no code implementations20 Jul 2016 Romain Laby, François Roueff, Alexandre Gramfort

We propose a method that performs anomaly detection and localisation within heterogeneous data using a pairwise undirected mixed graphical model.

Anomaly Detection

Efficient Smoothed Concomitant Lasso Estimation for High Dimensional Regression

2 code implementations8 Jun 2016 Eugene Ndiaye, Olivier Fercoq, Alexandre Gramfort, Vincent Leclère, Joseph Salmon

In high dimensional settings, sparse structures are crucial for efficiency, both in term of memory, computation and performance.

regression Uncertainty Quantification +1

GAP Safe Screening Rules for Sparse-Group-Lasso

1 code implementation19 Feb 2016 Eugene Ndiaye, Olivier Fercoq, Alexandre Gramfort, Joseph Salmon

We adapt to the case of Sparse-Group Lasso recent safe screening rules that discard early in the solver irrelevant features/groups.

Calibration of One-Class SVM for MV set estimation

no code implementations30 Aug 2015 Albert Thomas, Vincent Feuillard, Alexandre Gramfort

Our approach makes it possible to tune the hyperparameters automatically and obtain nested set estimates.

Anomaly Detection Novelty Detection

GAP Safe screening rules for sparse multi-task and multi-class models

no code implementations NeurIPS 2015 Eugene Ndiaye, Olivier Fercoq, Alexandre Gramfort, Joseph Salmon

The GAP Safe rule can cope with any iterative solver and we illustrate its performance on coordinate descent for multi-task Lasso, binary and multinomial logistic regression, demonstrating significant speed ups on all tested datasets with respect to previous safe rules.

regression

Mind the duality gap: safer rules for the Lasso

no code implementations13 May 2015 Olivier Fercoq, Alexandre Gramfort, Joseph Salmon

In this paper, we propose new versions of the so-called $\textit{safe rules}$ for the Lasso.

Fast Optimal Transport Averaging of Neuroimaging Data

no code implementations30 Mar 2015 Alexandre Gramfort, Gabriel Peyré, Marco Cuturi

Data are large, the geometry of the brain is complex and the between subjects variability leads to spatially or temporally non-overlapping effects of interest.

On the Consistency of Ordinal Regression Methods

no code implementations11 Aug 2014 Fabian Pedregosa, Francis Bach, Alexandre Gramfort

We will see that, for a family of surrogate loss functions that subsumes support vector ordinal regression and ORBoosting, consistency can be fully characterized by the derivative of a real-valued function at zero, as happens for convex margin-based surrogates in binary classification.

Binary Classification General Classification +1

Data-driven HRF estimation for encoding and decoding models

no code implementations27 Feb 2014 Fabian Pedregosa, Michael Eickenberg, Philippe Ciuciu, Bertrand Thirion, Alexandre Gramfort

We develop a method for the joint estimation of activation and HRF using a rank constraint causing the estimated HRF to be equal across events/conditions, yet permitting it to be different across voxels.

Computational Efficiency

Second order scattering descriptors predict fMRI activity due to visual textures

no code implementations10 Aug 2013 Michael Eickenberg, Fabian Pedregosa, Senoussi Mehdi, Alexandre Gramfort, Bertrand Thirion

Second layer scattering descriptors are known to provide good classification performance on natural quasi-stationary processes such as visual textures due to their sensitivity to higher order moments and continuity with respect to small deformations.

General Classification

HRF estimation improves sensitivity of fMRI encoding and decoding models

no code implementations13 May 2013 Fabian Pedregosa, Michael Eickenberg, Bertrand Thirion, Alexandre Gramfort

Extracting activation patterns from functional Magnetic Resonance Images (fMRI) datasets remains challenging in rapid-event designs due to the inherent delay of blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signal.

Brain covariance selection: better individual functional connectivity models using population prior

no code implementations NeurIPS 2010 Gael Varoquaux, Alexandre Gramfort, Jean-Baptiste Poline, Bertrand Thirion

We describe subject-level brain functional connectivity structure as a multivariate Gaussian process and introduce a new strategy to estimate it from group data, by imposing a common structure on the graphical model in the population.

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