Search Results for author: Chi Zhang

Found 129 papers, 37 papers with code

Spatial Ensemble: a Novel Model Smoothing Mechanism for Student-Teacher Framework

1 code implementation NeurIPS 2021 Tengteng Huang, Yifan Sun, Xun Wang, Haotian Yao, Chi Zhang

Model smoothing is of central importance for obtaining a reliable teacher model in the student-teacher framework, where the teacher generates surrogate supervision signals to train the student.

Unity

Parallel Actors and Learners: A Framework for Generating Scalable RL Implementations

no code implementations3 Oct 2021 Chi Zhang, Sanmukh Rao Kuppannagari, Viktor K Prasanna

To address the challenge of irregular memory accesses, we propose a novel data layout to store the nodes of the sum tree that reduces the number of cache misses.

BRAC+: Improved Behavior Regularized Actor Critic for Offline Reinforcement Learning

1 code implementation2 Oct 2021 Chi Zhang, Sanmukh Rao Kuppannagari, Viktor K Prasanna

This leads to large overestimations of the Q values and performance deterioration of the learned policy.

Offline RL

Learning Algebraic Representation for Systematic Generalization in Abstract Reasoning

no code implementations29 Sep 2021 Chi Zhang, Sirui Xie, Baoxiong Jia, Ying Nian Wu, Song-Chun Zhu, Yixin Zhu

We further show that the algebraic representation learned can be decoded by isomorphism and used to generate an answer.

Systematic Generalization

Adaptive Reliability Analysis for Multi-fidelity Models using a Collective Learning Strategy

no code implementations21 Sep 2021 Chi Zhang, Chaolin Song, Abdollah Shafieezadeh

In this context, CLF provides a new direction for quantifying the impact of new training points and can be easily extended with new learning functions to adapt to different reliability problems.

Meta Navigator: Search for a Good Adaptation Policy for Few-shot Learning

no code implementations ICCV 2021 Chi Zhang, Henghui Ding, Guosheng Lin, Ruibo Li, Changhu Wang, Chunhua Shen

Inspired by the recent success in Automated Machine Learning literature (AutoML), in this paper, we present Meta Navigator, a framework that attempts to solve the aforementioned limitation in few-shot learning by seeking a higher-level strategy and proffer to automate the selection from various few-shot learning designs.

AutoML Few-Shot Learning

GeneAnnotator: A Semi-automatic Annotation Tool for Visual Scene Graph

1 code implementation6 Sep 2021 Zhixuan Zhang, Chi Zhang, Zhenning Niu, Le Wang, Yuehu Liu

In this manuscript, we introduce a semi-automatic scene graph annotation tool for images, the GeneAnnotator.

Graph Generation Graph Learning +3

Scalable Data Annotation Pipeline for High-Quality Large Speech Datasets Development

1 code implementation1 Sep 2021 Mingkuan Liu, Chi Zhang, Hua Xing, Chao Feng, Monchu Chen, Judith Bishop, Grace Ngapo

Our A/B testing and pilot results demonstrated the HITL pipeline can improve annotation speed and capacity by at least 80% and quality is comparable to or higher than manual double pass annotation.

Spatially and Robustly Hybrid Mixture Regression Model for Inference of Spatial Dependence

1 code implementation1 Sep 2021 Wennan Chang, Pengtao Dang, Changlin Wan, Xiaoyu Lu, Yue Fang, Tong Zhao, Yong Zang, Bo Li, Chi Zhang, Sha Cao

Compared with existing spatial regression models, our proposed model assumes the existence a few distinct regression models that are estimated based on observations that exhibit similar response-predictor relationships.

Calibrating Class Activation Maps for Long-Tailed Visual Recognition

no code implementations29 Aug 2021 Chi Zhang, Guosheng Lin, Lvlong Lai, Henghui Ding, Qingyao Wu

First, we present a Class Activation Map Calibration (CAMC) module to improve the learning and prediction of network classifiers, by enforcing network prediction based on important image regions.

Classification Representation Learning

Binocular Mutual Learning for Improving Few-shot Classification

1 code implementation ICCV 2021 Ziqi Zhou, Xi Qiu, Jiangtao Xie, Jianan Wu, Chi Zhang

From the perspective of class space on base set, existing methods either focus on utilizing all classes under a global view by normal pretraining, or pay more attention to adopt an episodic manner to train meta-tasks within few classes in a local view.

Classification Decision Making +1

DeFRCN: Decoupled Faster R-CNN for Few-Shot Object Detection

1 code implementation ICCV 2021 Limeng Qiao, Yuxuan Zhao, Zhiyuan Li, Xi Qiu, Jianan Wu, Chi Zhang

Few-shot object detection, which aims at detecting novel objects rapidly from extremely few annotated examples of previously unseen classes, has attracted significant research interest in the community.

Classification Few-Shot Object Detection

Unified Regularity Measures for Sample-wise Learning and Generalization

no code implementations9 Aug 2021 Chi Zhang, Xiaoning Ma, Yu Liu, Le Wang, Yuanqi SU, Yuehu Liu

Fundamental machine learning theory shows that different samples contribute unequally both in learning and testing processes.

Learning Theory

IDM: An Intermediate Domain Module for Domain Adaptive Person Re-ID

3 code implementations ICCV 2021 Yongxing Dai, Jun Liu, Yifan Sun, Zekun Tong, Chi Zhang, Ling-Yu Duan

To ensure these two properties to better characterize appropriate intermediate domains, we enforce the bridge losses on intermediate domains' prediction space and feature space, and enforce a diversity loss on the two domain factors.

Domain Adaptive Person Re-Identification Person Re-Identification

M2IOSR: Maximal Mutual Information Open Set Recognition

no code implementations5 Aug 2021 Xin Sun, Henghui Ding, Chi Zhang, Guosheng Lin, Keck-Voon Ling

In this work, we aim to address the challenging task of open set recognition (OSR).

Open Set Learning

Principled Hyperedge Prediction with Structural Spectral Features and Neural Networks

no code implementations8 Jun 2021 Changlin Wan, Muhan Zhang, Wei Hao, Sha Cao, Pan Li, Chi Zhang

SNALS captures the joint interactions of a hyperedge by its local environment, which is retrieved by collecting the spectrum information of their connections.

Hyperedge Prediction

Social-IWSTCNN: A Social Interaction-Weighted Spatio-Temporal Convolutional Neural Network for Pedestrian Trajectory Prediction in Urban Traffic Scenarios

no code implementations26 May 2021 Chi Zhang, Christian Berger, Marco Dozza

In this paper, we use the recently released large-scale Waymo Open Dataset in urban traffic scenarios, which includes 374 urban training scenes and 76 urban testing scenes to analyze the performance of our proposed algorithm in comparison to the state-of-the-art (SOTA) models.

Pedestrian Trajectory Prediction Trajectory Prediction

Few-Shot Incremental Learning with Continually Evolved Classifiers

no code implementations CVPR 2021 Chi Zhang, Nan Song, Guosheng Lin, Yun Zheng, Pan Pan, Yinghui Xu

First, we adopt a simple but effective decoupled learning strategy of representations and classifiers that only the classifiers are updated in each incremental session, which avoids knowledge forgetting in the representations.

class-incremental learning Incremental Learning

Efficient DETR: Improving End-to-End Object Detector with Dense Prior

no code implementations3 Apr 2021 Zhuyu Yao, Jiangbo Ai, Boxun Li, Chi Zhang

By taking advantage of both dense detection and sparse set detection, Efficient DETR leverages dense prior to initialize the object containers and brings the gap of the 1-decoder structure and 6-decoder structure.

Object Detection

Abstract Spatial-Temporal Reasoning via Probabilistic Abduction and Execution

no code implementations CVPR 2021 Chi Zhang, Baoxiong Jia, Song-Chun Zhu, Yixin Zhu

To fill in this gap, we propose a neuro-symbolic Probabilistic Abduction and Execution (PrAE) learner; central to the PrAE learner is the process of probabilistic abduction and execution on a probabilistic scene representation, akin to the mental manipulation of objects.

ACRE: Abstract Causal REasoning Beyond Covariation

no code implementations CVPR 2021 Chi Zhang, Baoxiong Jia, Mark Edmonds, Song-Chun Zhu, Yixin Zhu

Causal induction, i. e., identifying unobservable mechanisms that lead to the observable relations among variables, has played a pivotal role in modern scientific discovery, especially in scenarios with only sparse and limited data.

Causal Discovery Visual Reasoning

Congestion-aware Multi-agent Trajectory Prediction for Collision Avoidance

1 code implementation26 Mar 2021 Xu Xie, Chi Zhang, Yixin Zhu, Ying Nian Wu, Song-Chun Zhu

Predicting agents' future trajectories plays a crucial role in modern AI systems, yet it is challenging due to intricate interactions exhibited in multi-agent systems, especially when it comes to collision avoidance.

Trajectory Prediction

Dynamic Metric Learning: Towards a Scalable Metric Space to Accommodate Multiple Semantic Scales

1 code implementation CVPR 2021 Yifan Sun, Yuke Zhu, Yuhan Zhang, Pengkun Zheng, Xi Qiu, Chi Zhang, Yichen Wei

%We argue that such flexibility is also important for deep metric learning, because different visual concepts indeed correspond to different semantic scales.

Metric Learning

Level-aware Haze Image Synthesis by Self-Supervised Content-Style Disentanglement

no code implementations11 Mar 2021 Chi Zhang, Zihang Lin, Liheng Xu, Zongliang Li, Le Wang, Yuehu Liu, Gaofeng Meng, Li Li, Nanning Zheng

The key procedure of haze image translation through adversarial training lies in the disentanglement between the feature only involved in haze synthesis, i. e. style feature, and the feature representing the invariant semantic content, i. e. content feature.

Image Generation Translation

FSCE: Few-Shot Object Detection via Contrastive Proposal Encoding

1 code implementation CVPR 2021 Bo Sun, Banghuai Li, Shengcai Cai, Ye Yuan, Chi Zhang

We present Few-Shot object detection via Contrastive proposals Encoding (FSCE), a simple yet effective approach to learning contrastive-aware object proposal encodings that facilitate the classification of detected objects.

Contrastive Learning Few-Shot Learning +2

On Instabilities of Conventional Multi-Coil MRI Reconstruction to Small Adverserial Perturbations

no code implementations25 Feb 2021 Chi Zhang, Jinghan Jia, Burhaneddin Yaman, Steen Moeller, Sijia Liu, Mingyi Hong, Mehmet Akçakaya

Although deep learning (DL) has received much attention in accelerated MRI, recent studies suggest small perturbations may lead to instabilities in DL-based reconstructions, leading to concern for their clinical application.

MRI Reconstruction

Nanoscale magnetization and current imaging using scanning-probe magneto-thermal microscopy

no code implementations4 Feb 2021 Chi Zhang, Jason M. Bartell, Jonathan C. Karsch, Isaiah Gray, Gregory D. Fuchs

In addition, we study the near-field and time-resolved characteristics of our signal and find that our instrument possesses a spatial resolution on the scale of 100 nm and a temporal resolution below 100 ps.

Mesoscale and Nanoscale Physics Materials Science

CycleSegNet: Object Co-segmentation with Cycle Refinement and Region Correspondence

no code implementations5 Jan 2021 Chi Zhang, Guankai Li, Guosheng Lin, Qingyao Wu, Rui Yao

Image co-segmentation is an active computer vision task that aims to segment the common objects from a set of images.

Learning Algebraic Representation for Abstract Spatial-Temporal Reasoning

no code implementations1 Jan 2021 Chi Zhang, Sirui Xie, Baoxiong Jia, Yixin Zhu, Ying Nian Wu, Song-Chun Zhu

We further show that the algebraic representation learned can be decoded by isomorphism and used to generate an answer.

Systematic Generalization

The Unreasonable Effectiveness of the Class-reversed Sampling in Tail Sample Memorization

no code implementations1 Jan 2021 Benyi Hu, Chi Zhang, Yuehu Liu, Le Wang, Li Liu

Long-tailed visual class recognition poses significant challenges to traditional machine learning and emerging deep networks due to its inherent class imbalance.

RETHINKING LOCAL LOW RANK MATRIX DETECTION:A MULTIPLE-FILTER BASED NEURAL NETWORK FRAMEWORK

no code implementations1 Jan 2021 Pengtao Dang, Wennan Chang, Haiqi Zhu, Changlin Wan, Tong Zhao, Tingbo Guo, Paul Salama, Sha Cao, Chi Zhang

In this work, we first organize the general MLLRR problem into three subproblems based on different low rank properties , and we argue that most of existing efforts focus on only one category, which leaves the other two unsolved.

Recommendation Systems

BRAC+: Going Deeper with Behavior Regularized Offline Reinforcement Learning

no code implementations1 Jan 2021 Chi Zhang, Sanmukh Rao Kuppannagari, Viktor Prasanna

The goal of Offline Reinforcement Learning (RL) is to address this problem by learning effective policies using previously collected datasets.

Offline RL

Compositional Prototype Network with Multi-view Comparision for Few-Shot Point Cloud Semantic Segmentation

no code implementations28 Dec 2020 Xiaoyu Chen, Chi Zhang, Guosheng Lin, Jing Han

Moreover, when we use our network to handle the long-tail problem in a fully supervised point cloud segmentation dataset, it can also effectively boost the performance of the few-shot classes.

Few-Shot Learning Point Cloud Segmentation +1

To Talk or to Work: Energy Efficient Federated Learning over Mobile Devices via the Weight Quantization and 5G Transmission Co-Design

no code implementations21 Dec 2020 Rui Chen, Liang Li, Kaiping Xue, Chi Zhang, Lingjia Liu, Miao Pan

Observed the fact that the energy consumption of local computing is comparable to that of the model updates via 5G transmissions, we formulate the energy efficient FL problem into a mixed-integer programming problem to elaborately determine the quantization strategies and allocate the wireless bandwidth for heterogeneous 5G mobile devices.

Edge-computing Federated Learning +1

Exploring the many-body dynamics near a conical intersection with trapped Rydberg ions

no code implementations3 Dec 2020 Filippo Maria Gambetta, Chi Zhang, Markus Hennrich, Igor Lesanovsky, Weibin Li

Conical intersections between electronic potential energy surfaces are paradigmatic for the study of non-adiabatic processes in the excited states of large molecules.

Atomic Physics Quantum Physics

Manual-Label Free 3D Detection via An Open-Source Simulator

no code implementations16 Nov 2020 Zhen Yang, Chi Zhang, Huiming Guo, Zhaoxiang Zhang

In this paper, we propose a manual-label free 3D detection algorithm that leverages the CARLA simulator to generate a large amount of self-labeled training samples and introduces a novel Domain Adaptive VoxelNet (DA-VoxelNet) that can cross the distribution gap from the synthetic data to the real scenario.

Matched Queues with Matching Batch Pair (m, n)

no code implementations6 Sep 2020 Heng-Li Liu, Quan-Lin Li, Chi Zhang

In this paper, we discuss an interesting but challenging bilateral stochastically matching problem: A more general matched queue with matching batch pair (m, n) and two types (i. e., types A and B) of impatient customers, where the arrivals of A- and B-customers are both Poisson processes, m A-customers and n B-customers are matched as a group which leaves the system immediately, and the customers' impatient behavior is to guarantee the stability of the system.

Dynamic Dispatching for Large-Scale Heterogeneous Fleet via Multi-agent Deep Reinforcement Learning

no code implementations24 Aug 2020 Chi Zhang, Philip Odonkor, Shuai Zheng, Hamed Khorasgani, Susumu Serita, Chetan Gupta

In this paper, we propose a novel Deep Reinforcement Learning approach to solve the dynamic dispatching problem in mining.

Memory-based Jitter: Improving Visual Recognition on Long-tailed Data with Diversity In Memory

no code implementations22 Aug 2020 Jialun Liu, Jingwei Zhang, Yi Yang, Wenhui Li, Chi Zhang, Yifan Sun

With slight modifications, MBJ is applicable for two fundamental visual recognition tasks, \emph{i. e.}, deep image classification and deep metric learning (on long-tailed data).

Classification Data Augmentation +4

Open Set Recognition with Conditional Probabilistic Generative Models

no code implementations12 Aug 2020 Xin Sun, Chi Zhang, Guosheng Lin, Keck-Voon Ling

A typical challenge that hinders their real-world applications is that unknown samples may be fed into the system during the testing phase, but traditional deep neural networks will wrongly recognize these unknown samples as one of the known classes.

Open Set Learning

Denoising individual bias for a fairer binary submatrix detection

1 code implementation31 Jul 2020 Changlin Wan, Wennan Chang, Tong Zhao, Sha Cao, Chi Zhang

Low rank representation of binary matrix is powerful in disentangling sparse individual-attribute associations, and has received wide applications.

Denoising Fairness

Geometric All-Way Boolean Tensor Decomposition

1 code implementation NeurIPS 2020 Changlin Wan, Wennan Chang, Tong Zhao, Sha Cao, Chi Zhang

Boolean tensor has been broadly utilized in representing high dimensional logical data collected on spatial, temporal and/or other relational domains.

Tensor Decomposition

Buffer Pool Aware Query Scheduling via Deep Reinforcement Learning

no code implementations21 Jul 2020 Chi Zhang, Ryan Marcus, Anat Kleiman, Olga Papaemmanouil

In this extended abstract, we propose a new technique for query scheduling with the explicit goal of reducing disk reads and thus implicitly increasing query performance.

Supervised clustering of high dimensional data using regularized mixture modeling

no code implementations19 Jul 2020 Wennan Chang, Changlin Wan, Yong Zang, Chi Zhang, Sha Cao

Identifying relationships between molecular variations and their clinical presentations has been challenged by the heterogeneous causes of a disease.

Weight-dependent Gates for Differentiable Neural Network Pruning

no code implementations4 Jul 2020 Yun Li, Weiqun Wu, Zechun Liu, Chi Zhang, Xiangyu Zhang, Haotian Yao, Baoqun Yin

To prune the network under hardware constraint, we train a Latency Predict Net (LPNet) to estimate the hardware latency of candidate pruned networks.

Network Pruning

Learning Disentangled Representations of Video with Missing Data

1 code implementation23 Jun 2020 Armand Comas-Massagué, Chi Zhang, Zlatan Feric, Octavia Camps, Rose Yu

Missing data poses significant challenges while learning representations of video sequences.

Maximum Entropy Model Rollouts: Fast Model Based Policy Optimization without Compounding Errors

no code implementations8 Jun 2020 Chi Zhang, Sanmukh Rao Kuppannagari, Viktor K. Prasanna

Furthermore, we propose to generate \emph{diverse} model rollouts by non-uniform sampling of the environment states such that the entropy of the model rollouts is maximized.

Model-based Reinforcement Learning

Component-wise Adaptive Trimming For Robust Mixture Regression

no code implementations23 May 2020 Wennan Chang, Xinyu Zhou, Yong Zang, Chi Zhang, Sha Cao

Existing robust mixture regression methods suffer from outliers as they either conduct parameter estimation in the presence of outliers, or rely on prior knowledge of the level of outlier contamination.

Outlier Detection

Machine Number Sense: A Dataset of Visual Arithmetic Problems for Abstract and Relational Reasoning

2 code implementations25 Apr 2020 Wenhe Zhang, Chi Zhang, Yixin Zhu, Song-Chun Zhu

To endow such a crucial cognitive ability to machine intelligence, we propose a dataset, Machine Number Sense (MNS), consisting of visual arithmetic problems automatically generated using a grammar model--And-Or Graph (AOG).

Relational Reasoning Visual Reasoning

Dark, Beyond Deep: A Paradigm Shift to Cognitive AI with Humanlike Common Sense

no code implementations20 Apr 2020 Yixin Zhu, Tao Gao, Lifeng Fan, Siyuan Huang, Mark Edmonds, Hangxin Liu, Feng Gao, Chi Zhang, Siyuan Qi, Ying Nian Wu, Joshua B. Tenenbaum, Song-Chun Zhu

We demonstrate the power of this perspective to develop cognitive AI systems with humanlike common sense by showing how to observe and apply FPICU with little training data to solve a wide range of challenging tasks, including tool use, planning, utility inference, and social learning.

Common Sense Reasoning Small Data Image Classification

Neural encoding and interpretation for high-level visual cortices based on fMRI using image caption features

no code implementations26 Mar 2020 Kai Qiao, Chi Zhang, Jian Chen, Linyuan Wang, Li Tong, Bin Yan

Except for deep network structure, the task or corresponding big dataset is also important for deep network models, but neglected by previous studies.

General Classification Image Classification

Conditional Gaussian Distribution Learning for Open Set Recognition

1 code implementation CVPR 2020 Xin Sun, Zhenning Yang, Chi Zhang, Guohao Peng, Keck-Voon Ling

A typical challenge is that unknown samples may be fed into the system during the testing phase and traditional deep neural networks will wrongly recognize the unknown sample as one of the known classes.

Classification General Classification +1

DeepEMD: Differentiable Earth Mover's Distance for Few-Shot Learning

2 code implementations15 Mar 2020 Chi Zhang, Yujun Cai, Guosheng Lin, Chunhua Shen

We employ the Earth Mover's Distance (EMD) as a metric to compute a structural distance between dense image representations to determine image relevance.

Classification Few-Shot Image Classification +1

BigGAN-based Bayesian reconstruction of natural images from human brain activity

no code implementations13 Mar 2020 Kai Qiao, Jian Chen, Linyuan Wang, Chi Zhang, Li Tong, Bin Yan

In this study, we proposed a new GAN-based Bayesian visual reconstruction method (GAN-BVRM) that includes a classifier to decode categories from fMRI data, a pre-trained conditional generator to generate natural images of specified categories, and a set of encoding models and evaluator to evaluate generated images.

Conditional Image Generation

Unsupervised Learning of Depth, Optical Flow and Pose with Occlusion from 3D Geometry

1 code implementation arXiv 2020 Guangming Wang, Chi Zhang, Hesheng Wang, Jingchuan Wang, Yong Wang, Xinlei Wang

In the occluded region, as depth and camera motion can provide more reliable motion estimation, they can be used to instruct unsupervised learning of optical flow.

Autonomous Driving Depth And Camera Motion +3

Cross-Spectrum Dual-Subspace Pairing for RGB-infrared Cross-Modality Person Re-Identification

no code implementations29 Feb 2020 Xing Fan, Hao Luo, Chi Zhang, Wei Jiang

Another challenge of RGB-infrared ReID is that the intra-person (images from the same person) discrepancy is often larger than the inter-person (images from different persons) discrepancy, so a dual-subspace pairing strategy is proposed to alleviate this problem.

Cross-Modality Person Re-identification Image Generation +1

Circle Loss: A Unified Perspective of Pair Similarity Optimization

8 code implementations CVPR 2020 Yifan Sun, Changmao Cheng, Yuhan Zhang, Chi Zhang, Liang Zheng, Zhongdao Wang, Yichen Wei

This paper provides a pair similarity optimization viewpoint on deep feature learning, aiming to maximize the within-class similarity $s_p$ and minimize the between-class similarity $s_n$.

Face Recognition Image Retrieval +2

Collaborative Inference for Efficient Remote Monitoring

no code implementations12 Feb 2020 Chi Zhang, Yong Sheng Soh, Ling Feng, Tianyi Zhou, Qianxiao Li

While current machine learning models have impressive performance over a wide range of applications, their large size and complexity render them unsuitable for tasks such as remote monitoring on edge devices with limited storage and computational power.

Learning Perceptual Inference by Contrasting

1 code implementation NeurIPS 2019 Chi Zhang, Baoxiong Jia, Feng Gao, Yixin Zhu, Hongjing Lu, Song-Chun Zhu

"Thinking in pictures," [1] i. e., spatial-temporal reasoning, effortless and instantaneous for humans, is believed to be a significant ability to perform logical induction and a crucial factor in the intellectual history of technology development.

Long-term planning, short-term adjustments

no code implementations25 Sep 2019 Hamed Khorasgani, Chi Zhang, Chetan Gupta, Susumu Serita

Our method can learn complex policies to achieve long-term goals and at the same time it can be easily adjusted to address short-term requirements without retraining.

Q-Learning

EPOSIT: An Absolute Pose Estimation Method for Pinhole and Fish-Eye Cameras

1 code implementation19 Sep 2019 Zhaobing Kang, Wei Zou, Zheng Zhu, Chi Zhang, Hongxuan Ma

This paper presents a generic 6DOF camera pose estimation method, which can be used for both the pinhole camera and the fish-eye camera.

Pose Estimation

Re-ID Driven Localization Refinement for Person Search

no code implementations ICCV 2019 Chuchu Han, Jiacheng Ye, Yunshan Zhong, Xin Tan, Chi Zhang, Changxin Gao, Nong Sang

The state-of-the-art methods train the detector individually, and the detected bounding boxes may be sub-optimal for the following re-ID task.

Person Re-Identification Person Search

Determining the Scale of Impact from Denial-of-Service Attacks in Real Time Using Twitter

no code implementations12 Sep 2019 Chi Zhang, Bryan Wilkinson, Ashwinkumar Ganesan, Tim Oates

Another way to remove that limitation, an optional classification layer, trained on manually annotated DoS attack tweets, to filter out non-attack tweets can be used to increase precision at the expense of recall.

Fast And Efficient Boolean Matrix Factorization By Geometric Segmentation

no code implementations9 Sep 2019 Changlin Wan, Wennan Chang, Tong Zhao, Mengya Li, Sha Cao, Chi Zhang

Boolean matrix factorization (BMF) aims to find an approximation of a binary matrix as the Boolean product of two low rank Boolean matrices, which could generate vast amount of information for the patterns of relationships between the features and samples.

Denoising

Inverse Structural Design of Graphene/Boron Nitride Hybrids by Regressional GAN

1 code implementation21 Aug 2019 Yuan Dong, Dawei Li, Chi Zhang, Chuhan Wu, Hong Wang, Ming Xin, Jianlin Cheng, Jian Lin

A significant novelty of the proposed RGAN is that it combines the supervised and regressional convolutional neural network (CNN) with the traditional unsupervised GAN, thus overcoming the common technical barrier in the traditional GANs, which cannot generate data associated with given continuous quantitative labels.

Computational Physics Materials Science Applied Physics

Effective and efficient ROI-wise visual encoding using an end-to-end CNN regression model and selective optimization

1 code implementation27 Jul 2019 Kai Qiao, Chi Zhang, Jian Chen, Linyuan Wang, Li Tong, Bin Yan

Recently, visual encoding based on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have realized many achievements with the rapid development of deep network computation.

Distributed Optimization for Over-Parameterized Learning

no code implementations14 Jun 2019 Chi Zhang, Qianxiao Li

Moreover, we show that the more local updating can reduce the overall communication, even for an infinity number of steps where each node is free to update its local model to near-optimality before exchanging information.

Distributed Optimization

Bimodal Stereo: Joint Shape and Pose Estimation from Color-Depth Image Pair

no code implementations16 May 2019 Chi Zhang, Yuehu Liu, Ying Wu, Qilin Zhang, Le Wang

In the pipeline, the estimated shape is refined by the shape prior from the given depth map under the estimated pose.

Pose Estimation

Joint haze image synthesis and dehazing with mmd-vae losses

no code implementations15 May 2019 Zongliang Li, Chi Zhang, Gaofeng Meng, Yuehu Liu

Fog and haze are weathers with low visibility which are adversarial to the driving safety of intelligent vehicles equipped with optical sensors like cameras and LiDARs.

Autonomous Driving Image Dehazing +2

Heterogeneous Memory Enhanced Multimodal Attention Model for Video Question Answering

1 code implementation CVPR 2019 Chenyou Fan, Xiaofan Zhang, Shu Zhang, Wensheng Wang, Chi Zhang, Heng Huang

In this paper, we propose a novel end-to-end trainable Video Question Answering (VideoQA) framework with three major components: 1) a new heterogeneous memory which can effectively learn global context information from appearance and motion features; 2) a redesigned question memory which helps understand the complex semantics of question and highlights queried subjects; and 3) a new multimodal fusion layer which performs multi-step reasoning by attending to relevant visual and textual hints with self-updated attention.

Question Answering Video Question Answering +1

Re-Identification Supervised Texture Generation

no code implementations CVPR 2019 Jian Wang, Yunshan Zhong, Yachun Li, Chi Zhang, Yichen Wei

The estimation of 3D human body pose and shape from a single image has been extensively studied in recent years.

Person Re-Identification Texture Synthesis

Deep Learning Methods for Parallel Magnetic Resonance Image Reconstruction

no code implementations1 Apr 2019 Florian Knoll, Kerstin Hammernik, Chi Zhang, Steen Moeller, Thomas Pock, Daniel K. Sodickson, Mehmet Akcakaya

Both linear and non-linear methods are covered, followed by a discussion of recent efforts to further improve parallel imaging using machine learning, and specifically using artificial neural networks.

MRI Reconstruction

Perceive Where to Focus: Learning Visibility-aware Part-level Features for Partial Person Re-identification

1 code implementation CVPR 2019 Yifan Sun, Qin Xu, Ya-Li Li, Chi Zhang, Yikang Li, Shengjin Wang, Jian Sun

The visibility awareness allows VPM to extract region-level features and compare two images with focus on their shared regions (which are visible on both images).

Person Re-Identification

Category decoding of visual stimuli from human brain activity using a bidirectional recurrent neural network to simulate bidirectional information flows in human visual cortices

no code implementations19 Mar 2019 Kai Qiao, Jian Chen, Linyuan Wang, Chi Zhang, Lei Zeng, Li Tong, Bin Yan

Despite the hierarchically similar representations of deep network and human vision, visual information flows from primary visual cortices to high visual cortices and vice versa based on the bottom-up and top-down manners, respectively.

Neurons and Cognition

STNReID : Deep Convolutional Networks with Pairwise Spatial Transformer Networks for Partial Person Re-identification

no code implementations17 Mar 2019 Hao Luo, Xing Fan, Chi Zhang, Wei Jiang

Competition (or confrontation) is observed between the STN module and the ReID module, and two-stage training is applied to acquire a strong STNReID for partial ReID.

Person Re-Identification

RAVEN: A Dataset for Relational and Analogical Visual rEasoNing

no code implementations CVPR 2019 Chi Zhang, Feng Gao, Baoxiong Jia, Yixin Zhu, Song-Chun Zhu

In this work, we propose a new dataset, built in the context of Raven's Progressive Matrices (RPM) and aimed at lifting machine intelligence by associating vision with structural, relational, and analogical reasoning in a hierarchical representation.

Language understanding Object Recognition +3

A visual encoding model based on deep neural networks and transfer learning

no code implementations23 Feb 2019 Chi Zhang, Kai Qiao, Linyuan Wang, Li Tong, Guoen Hu, Ruyuan Zhang, Bin Yan

In this framework, we employ the transfer learning technique to incorporate a pre-trained DNN (i. e., AlexNet) and train a nonlinear mapping from visual features to brain activity.

Transfer Learning

A Top-down Approach to Articulated Human Pose Estimation and Tracking

no code implementations23 Jan 2019 Guanghan Ning, Ping Liu, Xiaochuan Fan, Chi Zhang

Both the tasks of multi-person human pose estimation and pose tracking in videos are quite challenging.

Pose Estimation Pose Tracking

Differentially Private ADMM for Distributed Medical Machine Learning

no code implementations7 Jan 2019 Jiahao Ding, Xiaoqi Qin, Wenjun Xu, Yanmin Gong, Chi Zhang, Miao Pan

Due to massive amounts of data distributed across multiple locations, distributed machine learning has attracted a lot of research interests.

Dissociable neural representations of adversarially perturbed images in convolutional neural networks and the human brain

no code implementations22 Dec 2018 Chi Zhang, Xiaohan Duan, Linyuan Wang, Yongli Li, Bin Yan, Guoen Hu, Ruyuan Zhang, Li Tong

Furthermore, we show that voxel-encoding models trained on regular images can successfully generalize to the neural responses to AI images but not AN images.

Fast Botnet Detection From Streaming Logs Using Online Lanczos Method

no code implementations19 Dec 2018 Zheng Chen, Xinli Yu, Chi Zhang, Jin Zhang, Cui Lin, Bo Song, Jianliang Gao, Xiaohua Hu, Wei-Shih Yang, Erjia Yan

Botnet, a group of coordinated bots, is becoming the main platform of malicious Internet activities like DDOS, click fraud, web scraping, spam/rumor distribution, etc.

Two Birds with One Network: Unifying Failure Event Prediction and Time-to-failure Modeling

no code implementations18 Dec 2018 Karan Aggarwal, Onur Atan, Ahmed Farahat, Chi Zhang, Kosta Ristovski, Chetan Gupta

Classically, this problem has been posed in two different ways which are typically solved independently: (1) Remaining useful life (RUL) estimation as a long-term prediction task to estimate how much time is left in the useful life of the equipment and (2) Failure prediction (FP) as a short-term prediction task to assess the probability of a failure within a pre-specified time window.

Multi-Task Learning

MetaStyle: Three-Way Trade-Off Among Speed, Flexibility, and Quality in Neural Style Transfer

no code implementations13 Dec 2018 Chi Zhang, Yixin Zhu, Song-Chun Zhu

An unprecedented booming has been witnessed in the research area of artistic style transfer ever since Gatys et al. introduced the neural method.

bilevel optimization Style Transfer

SCPNet: Spatial-Channel Parallelism Network for Joint Holistic and Partial Person Re-Identification

no code implementations16 Oct 2018 Xing Fan, Hao Luo, Xuan Zhang, Lingxiao He, Chi Zhang, Wei Jiang

Holistic person re-identification (ReID) has received extensive study in the past few years and achieves impressive progress.

Person Re-Identification

Deep Learning Bandgaps of Topologically Doped Graphene

no code implementations28 Sep 2018 Yuan Dong, Chuhan Wu, Chi Zhang, Yingda Liu, Jianlin Cheng, Jian Lin

Moreover, given ubiquitous existence of topologies in materials, this work will stimulate widespread interests in applying deep learning algorithms to topological design of materials crossing atomic, nano-, meso-, and macro- scales.

Materials Science Computational Physics

Vector Learning for Cross Domain Representations

no code implementations27 Sep 2018 Shagan Sah, Chi Zhang, Thang Nguyen, Dheeraj Kumar Peri, Ameya Shringi, Raymond Ptucha

We leverage a sequence-to-sequence model to generate synthetic captions that have the same meaning for having a robust image generation.

Image Captioning Image Generation +1

A Coarse-To-Fine Framework For Video Object Segmentation

no code implementations26 Sep 2018 Chi Zhang, Alexander Loui

In this study, we develop an unsupervised coarse-to-fine video analysis framework and prototype system to extract a salient object in a video sequence.

Semantic Segmentation Video Object Segmentation +1

Batch-normalized Recurrent Highway Networks

1 code implementation26 Sep 2018 Chi Zhang, Thang Nguyen, Shagan Sah, Raymond Ptucha, Alexander Loui, Carl Salvaggio

Gradient control plays an important role in feed-forward networks applied to various computer vision tasks.

Image Captioning

Video-based Person Re-identification via 3D Convolutional Networks and Non-local Attention

no code implementations12 Jul 2018 Xingyu Liao, Lingxiao He, Zhouwang Yang, Chi Zhang

Video-based person re-identification (ReID) is a challenging problem, where some video tracks of people across non-overlapping cameras are available for matching.

Action Recognition Video-Based Person Re-Identification

DenseASPP for Semantic Segmentation in Street Scenes

1 code implementation CVPR 2018 Maoke Yang, Kun Yu, Chi Zhang, Zhiwei Li, Kuiyuan Yang

To this end, we propose Densely connected Atrous Spatial Pyramid Pooling (DenseASPP), which connects a set of atrous convolutional layers in a dense way, such that it generates multi-scale features that not only cover a larger scale range, but also cover that scale range densely, without significantly increasing the model size.

Autonomous Driving Scene Understanding +1

Learning with Non-Convex Truncated Losses by SGD

no code implementations21 May 2018 Yi Xu, Shenghuo Zhu, Sen yang, Chi Zhang, Rong Jin, Tianbao Yang

Learning with a {\it convex loss} function has been a dominating paradigm for many years.

Adaptive Recurrent Neural Network Based on Mixture Layer

no code implementations24 Jan 2018 Kui Zhao, Yuechuan Li, Chi Zhang, Cheng Yang, Huan Xu

By leveraging the mixture layer, the proposed method can adaptively update states according to the similarities between encoded inputs and prototype vectors, leading to a stronger capacity in assimilating sequences with multiple patterns.

Constraint-free Natural Image Reconstruction from fMRI Signals Based on Convolutional Neural Network

no code implementations16 Jan 2018 Chi Zhang, Kai Qiao, Linyuan Wang, Li Tong, Ying Zeng, Bin Yan

Without semantic prior information, we present a novel method to reconstruct nature images from fMRI signals of human visual cortex based on the computation model of convolutional neural network (CNN).

Image Reconstruction

Accurate reconstruction of image stimuli from human fMRI based on the decoding model with capsule network architecture

no code implementations2 Jan 2018 Kai Qiao, Chi Zhang, Linyuan Wang, Bin Yan, Jian Chen, Lei Zeng, Li Tong

We firstly employed the CapsNet to train the nonlinear mapping from image stimuli to high-level capsule features, and from high-level capsule features to image stimuli again in an end-to-end manner.

SSIM

Multi-Target, Multi-Camera Tracking by Hierarchical Clustering: Recent Progress on DukeMTMC Project

no code implementations27 Dec 2017 Zhimeng Zhang, Jia-Nan Wu, Xuan Zhang, Chi Zhang

Although many methods perform well in single camera tracking, multi-camera tracking remains a challenging problem with less attention.

Person Re-Identification

SOT for MOT

no code implementations4 Dec 2017 Qizheng He, Jia-Nan Wu, Gang Yu, Chi Zhang

Another contribution is that we show with a deep learning based appearance model, it is easy to associate detections of the same object efficiently and also with high accuracy.

Multiple Object Tracking

AlignedReID: Surpassing Human-Level Performance in Person Re-Identification

5 code implementations22 Nov 2017 Xuan Zhang, Hao Luo, Xing Fan, Weilai Xiang, Yixiao Sun, Qiqi Xiao, Wei Jiang, Chi Zhang, Jian Sun

In this paper, we propose a novel method called AlignedReID that extracts a global feature which is jointly learned with local features.

Person Re-Identification

Learning Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Control for Autonomous Target Following

no code implementations24 Sep 2017 Siyi Li, Tianbo Liu, Chi Zhang, Dit-yan Yeung, Shaojie Shen

While deep reinforcement learning (RL) methods have achieved unprecedented successes in a range of challenging problems, their applicability has been mainly limited to simulation or game domains due to the high sample complexity of the trial-and-error learning process.

Efficient Eye Typing with 9-direction Gaze Estimation

no code implementations3 Jul 2017 Chi Zhang, Rui Yao, Jinpeng Cai

According to the results from our experiments, our CNN model is able to accurately estimate different people's gaze under various lighting conditions by different devices.

Eye Tracking Gaze Estimation

Saliency Detection by Forward and Backward Cues in Deep-CNNs

1 code implementation1 Mar 2017 Nevrez Imamoglu, Chi Zhang, Wataru Shimoda, Yuming Fang, Boxin Shi

As prior knowledge of objects or object features helps us make relations for similar objects on attentional tasks, pre-trained deep convolutional neural networks (CNNs) can be used to detect salient objects on images regardless of the object class is in the network knowledge or not.

Saliency Detection

Question Retrieval for Community-based Question Answering via Heterogeneous Network Integration Learning

no code implementations24 Nov 2016 Zheqian Chen, Chi Zhang, Zhou Zhao, Deng Cai

The challenges in this task are the lexical gaps between questions for the word ambiguity and word mismatch problem.

Question Answering

Cross Domain Knowledge Transfer for Person Re-identification

no code implementations18 Nov 2016 Qiqi Xiao, Kelei Cao, Haonan Chen, Fangyue Peng, Chi Zhang

Building on the idea that identity classification, attribute recognition and re- identification share the same mid-level semantic representations, they can be trained sequentially by fine-tuning one based on another.

Classification Fine-tuning +3

Joint Multiview Segmentation and Localization of RGB-D Images Using Depth-Induced Silhouette Consistency

no code implementations CVPR 2016 Chi Zhang, Zhiwei Li, Rui Cai, Hongyang Chao, Yong Rui

In this paper, we propose an RGB-D camera localization approach which takes an effective geometry constraint, i. e. silhouette consistency, into consideration.

Camera Localization Semantic Segmentation

Input Aggregated Network for Face Video Representation

no code implementations22 Mar 2016 Zhen Dong, Su Jia, Chi Zhang, Mingtao Pei

To sufficiently discover the useful information contained in face videos, we present a novel network architecture called input aggregated network which is able to learn fixed-length representations for variable-length face videos.

Query Adaptive Similarity Measure for RGB-D Object Recognition

no code implementations ICCV 2015 Yanhua Cheng, Rui Cai, Chi Zhang, Zhiwei Li, Xin Zhao, Kaiqi Huang, Yong Rui

The reasons are in two-fold: (1) existing similarity measures are sensitive to object pose and scale changes, as well as intra-class variations; and (2) effectively fusing RGB and depth cues is still an open problem.

Object Recognition

Incidental Scene Text Understanding: Recent Progresses on ICDAR 2015 Robust Reading Competition Challenge 4

no code implementations30 Nov 2015 Cong Yao, Jia-Nan Wu, Xinyu Zhou, Chi Zhang, Shuchang Zhou, Zhimin Cao, Qi Yin

Different from focused texts present in natural images, which are captured with user's intention and intervention, incidental texts usually exhibit much more diversity, variability and complexity, thus posing significant difficulties and challenges for scene text detection and recognition algorithms.

Scene Text Scene Text Detection

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