Search Results for author: Daniel Rueckert

Found 198 papers, 74 papers with code

Private, fair and accurate: Training large-scale, privacy-preserving AI models in radiology

no code implementations3 Feb 2023 Soroosh Tayebi Arasteh, Alexander Ziller, Christiane Kuhl, Marcus Makowski, Sven Nebelung, Rickmer Braren, Daniel Rueckert, Daniel Truhn, Georgios Kaissis

Therefore, the purpose of this study is to demonstrate that the privacy-preserving training of AI models for chest radiograph diagnosis is possible with high accuracy and fairness compared to non-private training.

Fairness Privacy Preserving

CHeart: A Conditional Spatio-Temporal Generative Model for Cardiac Anatomy

no code implementations30 Jan 2023 Mengyun Qiao, Shuo Wang, Huaqi Qiu, Antonio de Marvao, Declan P. O'Regan, Daniel Rueckert, Wenjia Bai

Two key questions in cardiac image analysis are to assess the anatomy and motion of the heart from images; and to understand how they are associated with non-imaging clinical factors such as gender, age and diseases.

Anatomy Image Segmentation +1

Equivariant Differentially Private Deep Learning

no code implementations30 Jan 2023 Florian A. Hölzl, Daniel Rueckert, Georgios Kaissis

The formal privacy guarantee provided by Differential Privacy (DP) bounds the leakage of sensitive information from deep learning models.

Data Augmentation Image Classification

Identifying chromophore fingerprints of brain tumor tissue on hyperspectral imaging using principal component analysis

no code implementations12 Jan 2023 Ivan Ezhov, Luca Giannoni, Suprosanna Shit, Frederic Lange, Florian Kofler, Bjoern Menze, Ilias Tachtsidis, Daniel Rueckert

In this article, we perform a statistical analysis of the brain tumor patients' HSI scans from the HELICoiD dataset with the aim of identifying the correlation between reflectance spectra and absorption spectra of tissue chromophores.

Neural Implicit k-Space for Binning-free Non-Cartesian Cardiac MR Imaging

no code implementations16 Dec 2022 Wenqi Huang, Hongwei Li, Jiazhen Pan, Gastao Cruz, Daniel Rueckert, Kerstin Hammernik

While existing methods bin acquired data from neighboring time points to reconstruct one phase of the cardiac motion, our framework allows for a continuous, binning-free, and subject-specific k-space representation. We assign a unique coordinate that consists of time, coil index, and frequency domain location to each sampled k-space point.

Image Reconstruction

A Domain-specific Perceptual Metric via Contrastive Self-supervised Representation: Applications on Natural and Medical Images

no code implementations3 Dec 2022 Hongwei Bran Li, Chinmay Prabhakar, Suprosanna Shit, Johannes Paetzold, Tamaz Amiranashvili, JianGuo Zhang, Daniel Rueckert, Juan Eugenio Iglesias, Benedikt Wiestler, Bjoern Menze

We find that in the natural image domain, CSR behaves on par with the supervised one on several perceptual tests as a metric, and in the medical domain, CSR better quantifies perceptual similarity concerning the experts' ratings.

Image Generation

How Do Input Attributes Impact the Privacy Loss in Differential Privacy?

no code implementations18 Nov 2022 Tamara T. Mueller, Stefan Kolek, Friederike Jungmann, Alexander Ziller, Dmitrii Usynin, Moritz Knolle, Daniel Rueckert, Georgios Kaissis

Differential privacy (DP) is typically formulated as a worst-case privacy guarantee over all individuals in a database.

Exploiting segmentation labels and representation learning to forecast therapy response of PDAC patients

no code implementations8 Nov 2022 Alexander Ziller, Ayhan Can Erdur, Friederike Jungmann, Daniel Rueckert, Rickmer Braren, Georgios Kaissis

The prediction of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma therapy response is a clinically challenging and important task in this high-mortality tumour entity.

Representation Learning

Automated analysis of diabetic retinopathy using vessel segmentation maps as inductive bias

no code implementations28 Oct 2022 Linus Kreitner, Ivan Ezhov, Daniel Rueckert, Johannes C. Paetzold, Martin J. Menten

Recent studies suggest that early stages of diabetic retinopathy (DR) can be diagnosed by monitoring vascular changes in the deep vascular complex.

Image Quality Assessment Inductive Bias +1

Generalised Likelihood Ratio Testing Adversaries through the Differential Privacy Lens

no code implementations24 Oct 2022 Georgios Kaissis, Alexander Ziller, Stefan Kolek Martinez de Azagra, Daniel Rueckert

Differential Privacy (DP) provides tight upper bounds on the capabilities of optimal adversaries, but such adversaries are rarely encountered in practice.

Label Noise-Robust Learning using a Confidence-Based Sieving Strategy

no code implementations11 Oct 2022 Reihaneh Torkzadehmahani, Reza Nasirigerdeh, Daniel Rueckert, Georgios Kaissis

Identifying the samples with corrupted labels and preventing the model from learning them is a promising approach to address this challenge.

Artificial Intelligence-Based Image Reconstruction in Cardiac Magnetic Resonance

no code implementations21 Sep 2022 Chen Qin, Daniel Rueckert

Artificial intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) have shown great potential in improving the medical imaging workflow, from image acquisition and reconstruction to disease diagnosis and treatment.

Image Reconstruction

Review of data types and model dimensionality for cardiac DTI SMS-related artefact removal

1 code implementation20 Sep 2022 Michael Tanzer, Sea Hee Yook, Guang Yang, Daniel Rueckert, Sonia Nielles-Vallespin

As diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) gains popularity in cardiac imaging due to its unique ability to non-invasively assess the cardiac microstructure, deep learning-based Artificial Intelligence is becoming a crucial tool in mitigating some of its drawbacks, such as the long scan times.

Bridging the Gap: Differentially Private Equivariant Deep Learning for Medical Image Analysis

no code implementations9 Sep 2022 Florian A. Hölzl, Daniel Rueckert, Georgios Kaissis

Machine learning with formal privacy-preserving techniques like Differential Privacy (DP) allows one to derive valuable insights from sensitive medical imaging data while promising to protect patient privacy, but it usually comes at a sharp privacy-utility trade-off.

Privacy Preserving

Learning-based and unrolled motion-compensated reconstruction for cardiac MR CINE imaging

no code implementations8 Sep 2022 Jiazhen Pan, Daniel Rueckert, Thomas Küstner, Kerstin Hammernik

Motion-compensated MR reconstruction (MCMR) is a powerful concept with considerable potential, consisting of two coupled sub-problems: Motion estimation, assuming a known image, and image reconstruction, assuming known motion.

Image Reconstruction Motion Estimation

Mesh-based 3D Motion Tracking in Cardiac MRI using Deep Learning

no code implementations5 Sep 2022 Qingjie Meng, Wenjia Bai, Tianrui Liu, Declan P O'Regan, Daniel Rueckert

By developing a differentiable mesh-to-image rasterizer, the method is able to leverage the anatomical shape information from 2D multi-view CMR images for 3D motion estimation.

Motion Estimation

Generative Modelling of the Ageing Heart with Cross-Sectional Imaging and Clinical Data

1 code implementation28 Aug 2022 Mengyun Qiao, Berke Doga Basaran, Huaqi Qiu, Shuo Wang, Yi Guo, Yuanyuan Wang, Paul M. Matthews, Daniel Rueckert, Wenjia Bai

Understanding the morphological and functional changes of the heart during ageing is a key scientific question, the answer to which will help us define important risk factors of cardiovascular disease and monitor disease progression.


Unsupervised Anomaly Localization with Structural Feature-Autoencoders

1 code implementation23 Aug 2022 Felix Meissen, Johannes Paetzold, Georgios Kaissis, Daniel Rueckert

Most commonly, the anomaly detection model generates a "normal" version of an input image, and the pixel-wise $l^p$-difference of the two is used to localize anomalies.

Unsupervised Anomaly Detection

Metadata-enhanced contrastive learning from retinal optical coherence tomography images

no code implementations4 Aug 2022 Robbie Holland, Oliver Leingang, Hrvoje Bogunović, Sophie Riedl, Lars Fritsche, Toby Prevost, Hendrik P. N. Scholl, Ursula Schmidt-Erfurth, Sobha Sivaprasad, Andrew J. Lotery, Daniel Rueckert, Martin J. Menten

In experiments using two large clinical datasets containing 170, 427 optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of 7, 912 patients, we evaluate benefits attributed to pretraining across seven downstream tasks ranging from AMD stage and type classification to prediction of functional endpoints to segmentation of retinal layers, finding performance significantly increased in six out of seven tasks with fewer labels.

Contrastive Learning Time Series

Improved post-hoc probability calibration for out-of-domain MRI segmentation

no code implementations4 Aug 2022 Cheng Ouyang, Shuo Wang, Chen Chen, Zeju Li, Wenjia Bai, Bernhard Kainz, Daniel Rueckert

In image segmentation, well-calibrated probabilities allow radiologists to identify regions where model-predicted segmentations are unreliable.

Image Segmentation MRI segmentation +1

MulViMotion: Shape-aware 3D Myocardial Motion Tracking from Multi-View Cardiac MRI

no code implementations29 Jul 2022 Qingjie Meng, Chen Qin, Wenjia Bai, Tianrui Liu, Antonio de Marvao, Declan P O'Regan, Daniel Rueckert

To address this problem, we propose a novel multi-view motion estimation network (MulViMotion), which integrates 2D cine CMR images acquired in short-axis and long-axis planes to learn a consistent 3D motion field of the heart.

Motion Estimation

Physiology-based simulation of the retinal vasculature enables annotation-free segmentation of OCT angiographs

1 code implementation22 Jul 2022 Martin J. Menten, Johannes C. Paetzold, Alina Dima, Bjoern H. Menze, Benjamin Knier, Daniel Rueckert

Encouraged by our method's competitive quantitative and superior qualitative performance, we believe that it constitutes a versatile tool to advance the quantitative analysis of OCTA images.

Retinal Vessel Segmentation Semantic Segmentation

Placenta Segmentation in Ultrasound Imaging: Addressing Sources of Uncertainty and Limited Field-of-View

1 code implementation29 Jun 2022 Veronika A. Zimmer, Alberto Gomez, Emily Skelton, Robert Wright, Gavin Wheeler, Shujie Deng, Nooshin Ghavami, Karen Lloyd, Jacqueline Matthew, Bernhard Kainz, Daniel Rueckert, Joseph V. Hajnal, Julia A. Schnabel

Automatic segmentation of the placenta in fetal ultrasound (US) is challenging due to the (i) high diversity of placenta appearance, (ii) the restricted quality in US resulting in highly variable reference annotations, and (iii) the limited field-of-view of US prohibiting whole placenta assessment at late gestation.

Image Segmentation Multi-Task Learning +2

Faster Diffusion Cardiac MRI with Deep Learning-based breath hold reduction

no code implementations21 Jun 2022 Michael Tanzer, Pedro Ferreira, Andrew Scott, Zohya Khalique, Maria Dwornik, Dudley Pennell, Guang Yang, Daniel Rueckert, Sonia Nielles-Vallespin

Diffusion Tensor Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (DT-CMR) enables us to probe the microstructural arrangement of cardiomyocytes within the myocardium in vivo and non-invasively, which no other imaging modality allows.

Ensemble Learning

A Review of Causality for Learning Algorithms in Medical Image Analysis

no code implementations11 Jun 2022 Athanasios Vlontzos, Daniel Rueckert, Bernhard Kainz

Medical image analysis is a vibrant research area that offers doctors and medical practitioners invaluable insight and the ability to accurately diagnose and monitor disease.

BIG-bench Machine Learning Translation

Generative Myocardial Motion Tracking via Latent Space Exploration with Biomechanics-informed Prior

1 code implementation8 Jun 2022 Chen Qin, Shuo Wang, Chen Chen, Wenjia Bai, Daniel Rueckert

In contrast to most existing approaches which impose explicit generic regularization such as smoothness, in this work we propose a novel method that can implicitly learn an application-specific biomechanics-informed prior and embed it into a neural network-parameterized transformation model.

Image Registration

What do we learn? Debunking the Myth of Unsupervised Outlier Detection

no code implementations8 Jun 2022 Cosmin I. Bercea, Daniel Rueckert, Julia A. Schnabel

We have found that state-of-the-art (SOTA) AEs are either unable to constrain the latent manifold and allow reconstruction of abnormal patterns, or they are failing to accurately restore the inputs from their latent distribution, resulting in blurred or misaligned reconstructions.

OOD Detection Outlier Detection

MaxStyle: Adversarial Style Composition for Robust Medical Image Segmentation

1 code implementation2 Jun 2022 Chen Chen, Zeju Li, Cheng Ouyang, Matt Sinclair, Wenjia Bai, Daniel Rueckert

We propose a novel data augmentation framework called MaxStyle, which maximizes the effectiveness of style augmentation for model OOD performance.

Data Augmentation Image Segmentation +2

Surface Analysis with Vision Transformers

1 code implementation31 May 2022 Simon Dahan, Logan Z. J. Williams, Abdulah Fawaz, Daniel Rueckert, Emma C. Robinson

The extension of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to non-Euclidean geometries has led to multiple frameworks for studying manifolds.

Kernel Normalized Convolutional Networks

no code implementations20 May 2022 Reza Nasirigerdeh, Reihaneh Torkzadehmahani, Daniel Rueckert, Georgios Kaissis

Existing deep convolutional neural network (CNN) architectures frequently rely upon batch normalization (BatchNorm) to effectively train the model.

Federated Learning

SmoothNets: Optimizing CNN architecture design for differentially private deep learning

1 code implementation9 May 2022 Nicolas W. Remerscheid, Alexander Ziller, Daniel Rueckert, Georgios Kaissis

The arguably most widely employed algorithm to train deep neural networks with Differential Privacy is DPSGD, which requires clipping and noising of per-sample gradients.

Image Classification with Differential Privacy

Surface Vision Transformers: Flexible Attention-Based Modelling of Biomedical Surfaces

1 code implementation7 Apr 2022 Simon Dahan, Hao Xu, Logan Z. J. Williams, Abdulah Fawaz, Chunhui Yang, Timothy S. Coalson, Michelle C. Williams, David E. Newby, A. David Edwards, Matthew F. Glasser, Alistair A. Young, Daniel Rueckert, Emma C. Robinson

Results suggest that Surface Vision Transformers (SiT) demonstrate consistent improvement over geometric deep learning methods for brain age and fluid intelligence prediction and achieve comparable performance on calcium score classification to standard metrics used in clinical practice.

Classification Data Augmentation

Data and Physics Driven Learning Models for Fast MRI -- Fundamentals and Methodologies from CNN, GAN to Attention and Transformers

no code implementations1 Apr 2022 Jiahao Huang, Yingying Fang, Yang Nan, Huanjun Wu, Yinzhe Wu, Zhifan Gao, Yang Li, Zidong Wang, Pietro Lio, Daniel Rueckert, Yonina C. Eldar, Guang Yang

Research studies have shown no qualms about using data driven deep learning models for downstream tasks in medical image analysis, e. g., anatomy segmentation and lesion detection, disease diagnosis and prognosis, and treatment planning.

Anatomy Explainable Models +2

Surface Vision Transformers: Attention-Based Modelling applied to Cortical Analysis

1 code implementation30 Mar 2022 Simon Dahan, Abdulah Fawaz, Logan Z. J. Williams, Chunhui Yang, Timothy S. Coalson, Matthew F. Glasser, A. David Edwards, Daniel Rueckert, Emma C. Robinson

Motivated by the success of attention-modelling in computer vision, we translate convolution-free vision transformer approaches to surface data, to introduce a domain-agnostic architecture to study any surface data projected onto a spherical manifold.

Physics-Driven Deep Learning for Computational Magnetic Resonance Imaging

no code implementations23 Mar 2022 Kerstin Hammernik, Thomas Küstner, Burhaneddin Yaman, Zhengnan Huang, Daniel Rueckert, Florian Knoll, Mehmet Akçakaya

We consider inverse problems with both linear and non-linear forward models for computational MRI, and review the classical approaches for solving these.

MRI Reconstruction

Differentially private training of residual networks with scale normalisation

no code implementations1 Mar 2022 Helena Klause, Alexander Ziller, Daniel Rueckert, Kerstin Hammernik, Georgios Kaissis

The training of neural networks with Differentially Private Stochastic Gradient Descent offers formal Differential Privacy guarantees but introduces accuracy trade-offs.

Beyond Gradients: Exploiting Adversarial Priors in Model Inversion Attacks

no code implementations1 Mar 2022 Dmitrii Usynin, Daniel Rueckert, Georgios Kaissis

Collaborative machine learning settings like federated learning can be susceptible to adversarial interference and attacks.

Federated Learning

CortexODE: Learning Cortical Surface Reconstruction by Neural ODEs

1 code implementation16 Feb 2022 Qiang Ma, Liu Li, Emma C. Robinson, Bernhard Kainz, Daniel Rueckert, Amir Alansary

Following the isosurface extraction step, two CortexODE models are trained to deform the initial surface to white matter and pial surfaces respectively.

Surface Reconstruction

Multi-modal unsupervised brain image registration using edge maps

no code implementations9 Feb 2022 Vasiliki Sideri-Lampretsa, Georgios Kaissis, Daniel Rueckert

Diffeomorphic deformable multi-modal image registration is a challenging task which aims to bring images acquired by different modalities to the same coordinate space and at the same time to preserve the topology and the invertibility of the transformation.

Image Registration

On the Pitfalls of Using the Residual Error as Anomaly Score

1 code implementation8 Feb 2022 Felix Meissen, Benedikt Wiestler, Georgios Kaissis, Daniel Rueckert

Many current state-of-the-art methods for anomaly localization in medical images rely on calculating a residual image between a potentially anomalous input image and its "healthy" reconstruction.

Differentially Private Graph Classification with GNNs

no code implementations5 Feb 2022 Tamara T. Mueller, Johannes C. Paetzold, Chinmay Prabhakar, Dmitrii Usynin, Daniel Rueckert, Georgios Kaissis

In this work, we introduce differential privacy for graph-level classification, one of the key applications of machine learning on graphs.

BIG-bench Machine Learning Classification +1

AutoSeg -- Steering the Inductive Biases for Automatic Pathology Segmentation

1 code implementation24 Jan 2022 Felix Meissen, Georgios Kaissis, Daniel Rueckert

In medical imaging, un-, semi-, or self-supervised pathology detection is often approached with anomaly- or out-of-distribution detection methods, whose inductive biases are not intentionally directed towards detecting pathologies, and are therefore sub-optimal for this task.

Out-of-Distribution Detection

AI-based Reconstruction for Fast MRI -- A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

no code implementations23 Dec 2021 Yutong Chen, Carola-Bibiane Schönlieb, Pietro Liò, Tim Leiner, Pier Luigi Dragotti, Ge Wang, Daniel Rueckert, David Firmin, Guang Yang

Compressed sensing (CS) has been playing a key role in accelerating the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) acquisition process.

Distributed Machine Learning and the Semblance of Trust

no code implementations21 Dec 2021 Dmitrii Usynin, Alexander Ziller, Daniel Rueckert, Jonathan Passerat-Palmbach, Georgios Kaissis

The utilisation of large and diverse datasets for machine learning (ML) at scale is required to promote scientific insight into many meaningful problems.

BIG-bench Machine Learning Federated Learning +1

Embedding Gradient-based Optimization in Image Registration Networks

1 code implementation7 Dec 2021 Huaqi Qiu, Kerstin Hammernik, Chen Qin, Chen Chen, Daniel Rueckert

Deep learning (DL) image registration methods amortize the costly pair-wise iterative optimization by training deep neural networks to predict the optimal transformation in one fast forward-pass.

Image Reconstruction Image Registration

Joint Learning of Localized Representations from Medical Images and Reports

1 code implementation6 Dec 2021 Philip Müller, Georgios Kaissis, Congyu Zou, Daniel Rueckert

Contrastive learning has proven effective for pre-training image models on unlabeled data with promising results for tasks such as medical image classification.

Contrastive Learning Medical Image Classification +4

FedRAD: Federated Robust Adaptive Distillation

no code implementations2 Dec 2021 Stefán Páll Sturluson, Samuel Trew, Luis Muñoz-González, Matei Grama, Jonathan Passerat-Palmbach, Daniel Rueckert, Amir Alansary

The robustness of federated learning (FL) is vital for the distributed training of an accurate global model that is shared among large number of clients.

Federated Learning Knowledge Distillation +1

Causality-inspired Single-source Domain Generalization for Medical Image Segmentation

no code implementations24 Nov 2021 Cheng Ouyang, Chen Chen, Surui Li, Zeju Li, Chen Qin, Wenjia Bai, Daniel Rueckert

In this work, we investigate the single-source domain generalization problem: training a deep network that is robust to unseen domains, under the condition that training data is only available from one source domain, which is common in medical imaging applications.

Data Augmentation Domain Generalization +3

DeepMCAT: Large-Scale Deep Clustering for Medical Image Categorization

no code implementations30 Sep 2021 Turkay Kart, Wenjia Bai, Ben Glocker, Daniel Rueckert

In recent years, the research landscape of machine learning in medical imaging has changed drastically from supervised to semi-, weakly- or unsupervised methods.

Deep Clustering Image Categorization

Partial sensitivity analysis in differential privacy

1 code implementation22 Sep 2021 Tamara T. Mueller, Alexander Ziller, Dmitrii Usynin, Moritz Knolle, Friederike Jungmann, Daniel Rueckert, Georgios Kaissis

However, while techniques such as individual R\'enyi DP (RDP) allow for granular, per-person privacy accounting, few works have investigated the impact of each input feature on the individual's privacy loss.

Image Classification

A unified interpretation of the Gaussian mechanism for differential privacy through the sensitivity index

no code implementations22 Sep 2021 Georgios Kaissis, Moritz Knolle, Friederike Jungmann, Alexander Ziller, Dmitrii Usynin, Daniel Rueckert

$\psi$ uniquely characterises the GM and its properties by encapsulating its two fundamental quantities: the sensitivity of the query and the magnitude of the noise perturbation.

An automatic differentiation system for the age of differential privacy

no code implementations22 Sep 2021 Dmitrii Usynin, Alexander Ziller, Moritz Knolle, Andrew Trask, Kritika Prakash, Daniel Rueckert, Georgios Kaissis

We introduce Tritium, an automatic differentiation-based sensitivity analysis framework for differentially private (DP) machine learning (ML).

BIG-bench Machine Learning

Challenging Current Semi-Supervised Anomaly Segmentation Methods for Brain MRI

1 code implementation13 Sep 2021 Felix Meissen, Georgios Kaissis, Daniel Rueckert

In this work, we tackle the problem of Semi-Supervised Anomaly Segmentation (SAS) in Magnetic Resonance Images (MRI) of the brain, which is the task of automatically identifying pathologies in brain images.

Anomaly Detection

Improving Phenotype Prediction using Long-Range Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of Functional Connectivity

1 code implementation7 Sep 2021 Simon Dahan, Logan Z. J. Williams, Daniel Rueckert, Emma C. Robinson

Results show a prediction accuracy of 94. 4% for sex classification (an increase of 6. 2% compared to other methods), and an improvement of correlation with fluid intelligence of 0. 325 vs 0. 144, relative to a baseline model that encodes space and time separately.

Action Recognition Skeleton Based Action Recognition

PialNN: A Fast Deep Learning Framework for Cortical Pial Surface Reconstruction

1 code implementation6 Sep 2021 Qiang Ma, Emma C. Robinson, Bernhard Kainz, Daniel Rueckert, Amir Alansary

Traditional cortical surface reconstruction is time consuming and limited by the resolution of brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).

Surface Reconstruction

NeuralDP Differentially private neural networks by design

no code implementations30 Jul 2021 Moritz Knolle, Dmitrii Usynin, Alexander Ziller, Marcus R. Makowski, Daniel Rueckert, Georgios Kaissis

The application of differential privacy to the training of deep neural networks holds the promise of allowing large-scale (decentralized) use of sensitive data while providing rigorous privacy guarantees to the individual.

Sensitivity analysis in differentially private machine learning using hybrid automatic differentiation

no code implementations9 Jul 2021 Alexander Ziller, Dmitrii Usynin, Moritz Knolle, Kritika Prakash, Andrew Trask, Rickmer Braren, Marcus Makowski, Daniel Rueckert, Georgios Kaissis

Reconciling large-scale ML with the closed-form reasoning required for the principled analysis of individual privacy loss requires the introduction of new tools for automatic sensitivity analysis and for tracking an individual's data and their features through the flow of computation.

BIG-bench Machine Learning

Joint Motion Correction and Super Resolution for Cardiac Segmentation via Latent Optimisation

no code implementations8 Jul 2021 Shuo Wang, Chen Qin, Nicolo Savioli, Chen Chen, Declan O'Regan, Stuart Cook, Yike Guo, Daniel Rueckert, Wenjia Bai

In cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging, a 3D high-resolution segmentation of the heart is essential for detailed description of its anatomical structures.

Anatomy Cardiac Segmentation +1

Differentially private federated deep learning for multi-site medical image segmentation

1 code implementation6 Jul 2021 Alexander Ziller, Dmitrii Usynin, Nicolas Remerscheid, Moritz Knolle, Marcus Makowski, Rickmer Braren, Daniel Rueckert, Georgios Kaissis

The application of PTs to FL in medical imaging and the trade-offs between privacy guarantees and model utility, the ramifications on training performance and the susceptibility of the final models to attacks have not yet been conclusively investigated.

Federated Learning Image Segmentation +3

Detecting Outliers with Poisson Image Interpolation

1 code implementation6 Jul 2021 Jeremy Tan, Benjamin Hou, Thomas Day, John Simpson, Daniel Rueckert, Bernhard Kainz

We propose an alternative to image reconstruction-based and image embedding-based methods and propose a new self-supervised method to tackle pathological anomaly detection.

Anomaly Detection Image Reconstruction

Cooperative Training and Latent Space Data Augmentation for Robust Medical Image Segmentation

2 code implementations2 Jul 2021 Chen Chen, Kerstin Hammernik, Cheng Ouyang, Chen Qin, Wenjia Bai, Daniel Rueckert

In this paper, we present a cooperative framework for training image segmentation models and a latent space augmentation method for generating hard examples.

Data Augmentation Image Reconstruction +3

Video Summarization through Reinforcement Learning with a 3D Spatio-Temporal U-Net

no code implementations19 Jun 2021 Tianrui Liu, Qingjie Meng, Jun-Jie Huang, Athanasios Vlontzos, Daniel Rueckert, Bernhard Kainz

Intelligent video summarization algorithms allow to quickly convey the most relevant information in videos through the identification of the most essential and explanatory content while removing redundant video frames.

reinforcement-learning reinforcement Learning +1

Learning a Model-Driven Variational Network for Deformable Image Registration

no code implementations25 May 2021 Xi Jia, Alexander Thorley, Wei Chen, Huaqi Qiu, Linlin Shen, Iain B Styles, Hyung Jin Chang, Ales Leonardis, Antonio de Marvao, Declan P. O'Regan, Daniel Rueckert, Jinming Duan

We then propose two neural layers (i. e. warping layer and intensity consistency layer) to model the analytical solution and a residual U-Net to formulate the denoising problem (i. e. generalized denoising layer).

Denoising Image Registration

Automated Knee X-ray Report Generation

no code implementations22 May 2021 Aydan Gasimova, Giovanni Montana, Daniel Rueckert

Gathering manually annotated images for the purpose of training a predictive model is far more challenging in the medical domain than for natural images as it requires the expertise of qualified radiologists.

Text Generation

FedDis: Disentangled Federated Learning for Unsupervised Brain Pathology Segmentation

no code implementations5 Mar 2021 Cosmin I. Bercea, Benedikt Wiestler, Daniel Rueckert, Shadi Albarqouni

Further, we illustrate that FedDis learns a shape embedding that is orthogonal to the appearance and consistent under different intensity augmentations.

Anatomy Anomaly Detection +3

Personalized Federated Deep Learning for Pain Estimation From Face Images

1 code implementation12 Jan 2021 Ognjen Rudovic, Nicolas Tobis, Sebastian Kaltwang, Björn Schuller, Daniel Rueckert, Jeffrey F. Cohn, Rosalind W. Picard

A potential approach to tackling this is Federated Learning (FL), which enables multiple parties to collaboratively learn a shared prediction model by using parameters of locally trained models while keeping raw training data locally.

Federated Learning

Complementary Time-Frequency Domain Networks for Dynamic Parallel MR Image Reconstruction

1 code implementation22 Dec 2020 Chen Qin, Jinming Duan, Kerstin Hammernik, Jo Schlemper, Thomas Küstner, René Botnar, Claudia Prieto, Anthony N. Price, Joseph V. Hajnal, Daniel Rueckert

The iterative model is embedded into a deep recurrent neural network which learns to recover the image via exploiting spatio-temporal redundancies in complementary domains.

De-aliasing Image Reconstruction

Reducing Textural Bias Improves Robustness of Deep Segmentation Models

no code implementations30 Nov 2020 Seoin Chai, Daniel Rueckert, Ahmed E. Fetit

In this thorough empirical study, we draw inspiration from findings on natural images and investigate ways in which addressing the textural bias phenomenon could bring up the robustness of deep segmentation models when applied to three-dimensional (3D) medical data.

Image Classification Semantic Segmentation

2CP: Decentralized Protocols to Transparently Evaluate Contributivity in Blockchain Federated Learning Environments

no code implementations15 Nov 2020 Harry Cai, Daniel Rueckert, Jonathan Passerat-Palmbach

While the initial model might belong solely to the actor bringing it to the network for training, determining the ownership of the trained model resulting from Federated Learning remains an open question.

Federated Learning Model Poisoning

A Systematic Comparison of Encrypted Machine Learning Solutions for Image Classification

no code implementations10 Nov 2020 Veneta Haralampieva, Daniel Rueckert, Jonathan Passerat-Palmbach

This work provides a comprehensive review of existing frameworks based on secure computing techniques in the context of private image classification.

BIG-bench Machine Learning General Classification +2

Mutual Information-based Disentangled Neural Networks for Classifying Unseen Categories in Different Domains: Application to Fetal Ultrasound Imaging

no code implementations30 Oct 2020 Qingjie Meng, Jacqueline Matthew, Veronika A. Zimmer, Alberto Gomez, David F. A. Lloyd, Daniel Rueckert, Bernhard Kainz

To address this problem, we propose Mutual Information-based Disentangled Neural Networks (MIDNet), which extract generalizable categorical features to transfer knowledge to unseen categories in a target domain.

Image Classification

Robust Aggregation for Adaptive Privacy Preserving Federated Learning in Healthcare

no code implementations17 Sep 2020 Matei Grama, Maria Musat, Luis Muñoz-González, Jonathan Passerat-Palmbach, Daniel Rueckert, Amir Alansary

In this work, we implement and evaluate different robust aggregation methods in FL applied to healthcare data.

Cryptography and Security

Efficient, high-performance pancreatic segmentation using multi-scale feature extraction

1 code implementation2 Sep 2020 Moritz Knolle, Georgios Kaissis, Friederike Jungmann, Sebastian Ziegelmayer, Daniel Sasse, Marcus Makowski, Daniel Rueckert, Rickmer Braren

For artificial intelligence-based image analysis methods to reach clinical applicability, the development of high-performance algorithms is crucial.

Patch-based Brain Age Estimation from MR Images

no code implementations29 Aug 2020 Kyriaki-Margarita Bintsi, Vasileios Baltatzis, Arinbjörn Kolbeinsson, Alexander Hammers, Daniel Rueckert

Many studies have been proposed for the prediction of chronological age from brain MRI using machine learning and specifically deep learning techniques.

Age Estimation Hippocampus

Causal Future Prediction in a Minkowski Space-Time

no code implementations20 Aug 2020 Athanasios Vlontzos, Henrique Bergallo Rocha, Daniel Rueckert, Bernhard Kainz

In this paper we propose a novel theoretical framework to perform causal future prediction by embedding spatiotemporal information on a Minkowski space-time.

Future prediction Image Generation

Unsupervised Cross-domain Image Classification by Distance Metric Guided Feature Alignment

1 code implementation19 Aug 2020 Qingjie Meng, Daniel Rueckert, Bernhard Kainz

The proposed MetFA method explicitly and directly learns the latent representation without using domain adversarial training.

General Classification Image Classification +1

Geometric Deep Learning for Post-Menstrual Age Prediction based on the Neonatal White Matter Cortical Surface

1 code implementation13 Aug 2020 Vitalis Vosylius, Andy Wang, Cemlyn Waters, Alexey Zakharov, Francis Ward, Loic Le Folgoc, John Cupitt, Antonios Makropoulos, Andreas Schuh, Daniel Rueckert, Amir Alansary

In this paper, we propose a novel approach to predict the post-menstrual age (PA) at scan, using techniques from geometric deep learning, based on the neonatal white matter cortical surface.

A review of deep learning in medical imaging: Imaging traits, technology trends, case studies with progress highlights, and future promises

no code implementations2 Aug 2020 S. Kevin Zhou, Hayit Greenspan, Christos Davatzikos, James S. Duncan, Bram van Ginneken, Anant Madabhushi, Jerry L. Prince, Daniel Rueckert, Ronald M. Summers

In this survey paper, we first present traits of medical imaging, highlight both clinical needs and technical challenges in medical imaging, and describe how emerging trends in deep learning are addressing these issues.

3D Probabilistic Segmentation and Volumetry from 2D projection images

no code implementations23 Jun 2020 Athanasios Vlontzos, Samuel Budd, Benjamin Hou, Daniel Rueckert, Bernhard Kainz

X-Ray imaging is quick, cheap and useful for front-line care assessment and intra-operative real-time imaging (e. g., C-Arm Fluoroscopy).

Deep Generative Model-based Quality Control for Cardiac MRI Segmentation

no code implementations23 Jun 2020 Shuo Wang, Giacomo Tarroni, Chen Qin, Yuanhan Mo, Chengliang Dai, Chen Chen, Ben Glocker, Yike Guo, Daniel Rueckert, Wenjia Bai

Our approach provides a real-time and model-agnostic quality control for cardiac MRI segmentation, which has the potential to be integrated into clinical image analysis workflows.

Image Segmentation MRI segmentation +1

Realistic Adversarial Data Augmentation for MR Image Segmentation

1 code implementation23 Jun 2020 Chen Chen, Chen Qin, Huaqi Qiu, Cheng Ouyang, Shuo Wang, Liang Chen, Giacomo Tarroni, Wenjia Bai, Daniel Rueckert

In this work, we propose an adversarial data augmentation method for training neural networks for medical image segmentation.

Data Augmentation Image Segmentation +2

Biomechanics-informed Neural Networks for Myocardial Motion Tracking in MRI

1 code implementation8 Jun 2020 Chen Qin, Shuo Wang, Chen Chen, Huaqi Qiu, Wenjia Bai, Daniel Rueckert

The learnt VAE regulariser then can be coupled with any deep learning based registration network to regularise the solution space to be biomechanically plausible.

Image Registration

Ultrasound Video Summarization using Deep Reinforcement Learning

1 code implementation19 May 2020 Tianrui Liu, Qingjie Meng, Athanasios Vlontzos, Jeremy Tan, Daniel Rueckert, Bernhard Kainz

We show that our method is superior to alternative video summarization methods and that it preserves essential information required by clinical diagnostic standards.

reinforcement-learning reinforcement Learning +1

Regression Forest-Based Atlas Localization and Direction Specific Atlas Generation for Pancreas Segmentation

no code implementations7 May 2020 Masahiro Oda, Natsuki Shimizu, Ken'ichi Karasawa, Yukitaka Nimura, Takayuki Kitasaka, Kazunari Misawa, Michitaka Fujiwara, Daniel Rueckert, Kensaku MORI

This paper proposes a fully automated atlas-based pancreas segmentation method from CT volumes utilizing atlas localization by regression forest and atlas generation using blood vessel information.

Automated Pancreas Segmentation Pancreas Segmentation +1

Training deep segmentation networks on texture-encoded input: application to neuroimaging of the developing neonatal brain

1 code implementation MIDL 2019 Ahmed E. Fetit, John Cupitt, Turkay Kart, Daniel Rueckert

Standard practice for using convolutional neural networks (CNNs) in semantic segmentation tasks assumes that the image intensities are directly used for training and inference.

Semantic Segmentation

$Σ$-net: Systematic Evaluation of Iterative Deep Neural Networks for Fast Parallel MR Image Reconstruction

1 code implementation18 Dec 2019 Kerstin Hammernik, Jo Schlemper, Chen Qin, Jinming Duan, Ronald M. Summers, Daniel Rueckert

Purpose: To systematically investigate the influence of various data consistency layers, (semi-)supervised learning and ensembling strategies, defined in a $\Sigma$-net, for accelerated parallel MR image reconstruction using deep learning.

Image Enhancement Image Reconstruction +1

Joint analysis of clinical risk factors and 4D cardiac motion for survival prediction using a hybrid deep learning network

no code implementations7 Oct 2019 Shihao Jin, Nicolò Savioli, Antonio de Marvao, Timothy JW Dawes, Axel Gandy, Daniel Rueckert, Declan P. O'Regan

In this work, a novel approach is proposed for joint analysis of high dimensional time-resolved cardiac motion features obtained from segmented cardiac MRI and low dimensional clinical risk factors to improve survival prediction in heart failure.

Survival Prediction

dAUTOMAP: decomposing AUTOMAP to achieve scalability and enhance performance

1 code implementation24 Sep 2019 Jo Schlemper, Ilkay Oksuz, James R. Clough, Jinming Duan, Andrew P. King, Julia A. Schnabel, Joseph V. Hajnal, Daniel Rueckert

AUTOMAP is a promising generalized reconstruction approach, however, it is not scalable and hence the practicality is limited.

Intelligent image synthesis to attack a segmentation CNN using adversarial learning

no code implementations24 Sep 2019 Liang Chen, Paul Bentley, Kensaku MORI, Kazunari Misawa, Michitaka Fujiwara, Daniel Rueckert

Our approach has three key features: 1) The generated adversarial examples exhibit anatomical variations (in form of deformations) as well as appearance perturbations; 2) The adversarial examples attack segmentation models so that the Dice scores decrease by a pre-specified amount; 3) The attack is not required to be specified beforehand.

Image Generation Image Segmentation +1

Model-Based and Data-Driven Strategies in Medical Image Computing

no code implementations23 Sep 2019 Daniel Rueckert, Julia A. Schnabel

With the availability of large amounts of imaging data and machine learning (in particular deep learning) techniques, data-driven approaches have become more widespread for use in different tasks in reconstruction, analysis and interpretation.

Image Reconstruction Transfer Learning

Flexible Conditional Image Generation of Missing Data with Learned Mental Maps

no code implementations29 Aug 2019 Benjamin Hou, Athanasios Vlontzos, Amir Alansary, Daniel Rueckert, Bernhard Kainz

Real-world settings often do not allow acquisition of high-resolution volumetric images for accurate morphological assessment and diagnostic.

Anatomy Conditional Image Generation +2

Representation Disentanglement for Multi-task Learning with application to Fetal Ultrasound

1 code implementation21 Aug 2019 Qingjie Meng, Nick Pawlowski, Daniel Rueckert, Bernhard Kainz

These entangled image properties lead to a semantically redundant feature encoding for the relevant task and thus lead to poor generalization of deep learning algorithms.

Anatomy Disentanglement +1

Unsupervised Multi-modal Style Transfer for Cardiac MR Segmentation

no code implementations20 Aug 2019 Chen Chen, Cheng Ouyang, Giacomo Tarroni, Jo Schlemper, Huaqi Qiu, Wenjia Bai, Daniel Rueckert

In this work, we present a fully automatic method to segment cardiac structures from late-gadolinium enhanced (LGE) images without using labelled LGE data for training, but instead by transferring the anatomical knowledge and features learned on annotated balanced steady-state free precession (bSSFP) images, which are easier to acquire.

Image Segmentation Semantic Segmentation +2

Joint Motion Estimation and Segmentation from Undersampled Cardiac MR Image

no code implementations20 Aug 2019 Chen Qin, Wenjia Bai, Jo Schlemper, Steffen E. Petersen, Stefan K. Piechnik, Stefan Neubauer, Daniel Rueckert

Accelerating the acquisition of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a challenging problem, and many works have been proposed to reconstruct images from undersampled k-space data.

Image Reconstruction Motion Estimation

Assessing the Impact of Blood Pressure on Cardiac Function Using Interpretable Biomarkers and Variational Autoencoders

no code implementations13 Aug 2019 Esther Puyol-Antón, Bram Ruijsink, James R. Clough, Ilkay Oksuz, Daniel Rueckert, Reza Razavi, Andrew P. King

Maintaining good cardiac function for as long as possible is a major concern for healthcare systems worldwide and there is much interest in learning more about the impact of different risk factors on cardiac health.

k-t NEXT: Dynamic MR Image Reconstruction Exploiting Spatio-temporal Correlations

1 code implementation22 Jul 2019 Chen Qin, Jo Schlemper, Jinming Duan, Gavin Seegoolam, Anthony Price, Joseph Hajnal, Daniel Rueckert

Experiments conducted on highly undersampled short-axis cardiac cine MRI scans demonstrate that our proposed method outperforms the current state-of-the-art dynamic MR reconstruction approaches both quantitatively and qualitatively.

Image Reconstruction

VS-Net: Variable splitting network for accelerated parallel MRI reconstruction

1 code implementation19 Jul 2019 Jinming Duan, Jo Schlemper, Chen Qin, Cheng Ouyang, Wenjia Bai, Carlo Biffi, Ghalib Bello, Ben Statton, Declan P. O'Regan, Daniel Rueckert

In this work, we propose a deep learning approach for parallel magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reconstruction, termed a variable splitting network (VS-Net), for an efficient, high-quality reconstruction of undersampled multi-coil MR data.

MRI Reconstruction

Self-Supervised Learning for Cardiac MR Image Segmentation by Anatomical Position Prediction

no code implementations5 Jul 2019 Wenjia Bai, Chen Chen, Giacomo Tarroni, Jinming Duan, Florian Guitton, Steffen E. Petersen, Yike Guo, Paul M. Matthews, Daniel Rueckert

In the recent years, convolutional neural networks have transformed the field of medical image analysis due to their capacity to learn discriminative image features for a variety of classification and regression tasks.

Image Segmentation Self-Supervised Learning +2

Data Efficient Unsupervised Domain Adaptation for Cross-Modality Image Segmentation

no code implementations5 Jul 2019 Cheng Ouyang, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Carlo Biffi, Jinming Duan, Daniel Rueckert

Deep unsupervised domain adaptation (UDA) aims to improve the performance of a deep neural network model on a target domain, using solely unlabelled target domain data and labelled source domain data.

Image Segmentation Medical Image Segmentation +2

Improving the generalizability of convolutional neural network-based segmentation on CMR images

1 code implementation2 Jul 2019 Chen Chen, Wenjia Bai, Rhodri H. Davies, Anish N. Bhuva, Charlotte Manisty, James C. Moon, Nay Aung, Aaron M. Lee, Mihir M. Sanghvi, Kenneth Fung, Jose Miguel Paiva, Steffen E. Petersen, Elena Lukaschuk, Stefan K. Piechnik, Stefan Neubauer, Daniel Rueckert

We demonstrate that a neural network trained on a single-site single-scanner dataset from the UK Biobank can be successfully applied to segmenting cardiac MR images across different sites and different scanners without substantial loss of accuracy.

Image Segmentation Semantic Segmentation

Multiple Landmark Detection using Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning

1 code implementation30 Jun 2019 Athanasios Vlontzos, Amir Alansary, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Daniel Rueckert, Bernhard Kainz

We compare our approach with state-of-the-art architectures and achieve significantly better accuracy by reducing the detection error by 50%, while requiring fewer computational resources and time to train compared to the naive approach of training K agents separately.

Anatomy Multi-agent Reinforcement Learning +2

Explainable Anatomical Shape Analysis through Deep Hierarchical Generative Models

1 code implementation28 Jun 2019 Carlo Biffi, Juan J. Cerrolaza, Giacomo Tarroni, Wenjia Bai, Antonio de Marvao, Ozan Oktay, Christian Ledig, Loic Le Folgoc, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Georgia Doumou, Jinming Duan, Sanjay K. Prasad, Stuart A. Cook, Declan P. O'Regan, Daniel Rueckert

At the highest level of this hierarchy, a two-dimensional latent space is simultaneously optimised to discriminate distinct clinical conditions, enabling the direct visualisation of the classification space.


Meta-Weighted Gaussian Process Experts for Personalized Forecasting of AD Cognitive Changes

no code implementations19 Apr 2019 Ognjen Rudovic, Yuria Utsumi, Ricardo Guerrero, Kelly Peterson, Daniel Rueckert, Rosalind W. Picard

We introduce a novel personalized Gaussian Process Experts (pGPE) model for predicting per-subject ADAS-Cog13 cognitive scores -- a significant predictor of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) in the cognitive domain -- over the future 6, 12, 18, and 24 months.

Meta-Learning regression

Unsupervised Deformable Registration for Multi-Modal Images via Disentangled Representations

no code implementations22 Mar 2019 Chen Qin, Bibo Shi, Rui Liao, Tommaso Mansi, Daniel Rueckert, Ali Kamen

The proposed registration approach is then built on the factorized latent shape code, with the assumption that the intrinsic shape deformation existing in original image domain is preserved in this latent space.

Image Registration Image-to-Image Translation

Computational Anatomy for Multi-Organ Analysis in Medical Imaging: A Review

no code implementations20 Dec 2018 Juan J. Cerrolaza, Mirella Lopez-Picazo, Ludovic Humbert, Yoshinobu Sato, Daniel Rueckert, Miguel Angel Gonzalez Ballester, Marius George Linguraru

With more than 300 papers included in this review, we reflect on the trends and challenges of the field of computational anatomy, the particularities of each anatomical region, and the potential of multi-organ analysis to increase the impact of 35 medical imaging applications on the future of healthcare.


GANsfer Learning: Combining labelled and unlabelled data for GAN based data augmentation

no code implementations26 Nov 2018 Christopher Bowles, Roger Gunn, Alexander Hammers, Daniel Rueckert

We also show how a shift in domain of the training data from young and healthy towards older and more pathological examples leads to better segmentations of the latter cases, and that this leads to a significant improvement in the ability for the computed segmentations to stratify cases of AD.

Data Augmentation

Identifying the Best Machine Learning Algorithms for Brain Tumor Segmentation, Progression Assessment, and Overall Survival Prediction in the BRATS Challenge

1 code implementation5 Nov 2018 Spyridon Bakas, Mauricio Reyes, Andras Jakab, Stefan Bauer, Markus Rempfler, Alessandro Crimi, Russell Takeshi Shinohara, Christoph Berger, Sung Min Ha, Martin Rozycki, Marcel Prastawa, Esther Alberts, Jana Lipkova, John Freymann, Justin Kirby, Michel Bilello, Hassan Fathallah-Shaykh, Roland Wiest, Jan Kirschke, Benedikt Wiestler, Rivka Colen, Aikaterini Kotrotsou, Pamela Lamontagne, Daniel Marcus, Mikhail Milchenko, Arash Nazeri, Marc-Andre Weber, Abhishek Mahajan, Ujjwal Baid, Elizabeth Gerstner, Dongjin Kwon, Gagan Acharya, Manu Agarwal, Mahbubul Alam, Alberto Albiol, Antonio Albiol, Francisco J. Albiol, Varghese Alex, Nigel Allinson, Pedro H. A. Amorim, Abhijit Amrutkar, Ganesh Anand, Simon Andermatt, Tal Arbel, Pablo Arbelaez, Aaron Avery, Muneeza Azmat, Pranjal B., W Bai, Subhashis Banerjee, Bill Barth, Thomas Batchelder, Kayhan Batmanghelich, Enzo Battistella, Andrew Beers, Mikhail Belyaev, Martin Bendszus, Eze Benson, Jose Bernal, Halandur Nagaraja Bharath, George Biros, Sotirios Bisdas, James Brown, Mariano Cabezas, Shilei Cao, Jorge M. Cardoso, Eric N Carver, Adrià Casamitjana, Laura Silvana Castillo, Marcel Catà, Philippe Cattin, Albert Cerigues, Vinicius S. Chagas, Siddhartha Chandra, Yi-Ju Chang, Shiyu Chang, Ken Chang, Joseph Chazalon, Shengcong Chen, Wei Chen, Jefferson W. Chen, Zhaolin Chen, Kun Cheng, Ahana Roy Choudhury, Roger Chylla, Albert Clérigues, Steven Colleman, Ramiro German Rodriguez Colmeiro, Marc Combalia, Anthony Costa, Xiaomeng Cui, Zhenzhen Dai, Lutao Dai, Laura Alexandra Daza, Eric Deutsch, Changxing Ding, Chao Dong, Shidu Dong, Wojciech Dudzik, Zach Eaton-Rosen, Gary Egan, Guilherme Escudero, Théo Estienne, Richard Everson, Jonathan Fabrizio, Yong Fan, Longwei Fang, Xue Feng, Enzo Ferrante, Lucas Fidon, Martin Fischer, Andrew P. French, Naomi Fridman, Huan Fu, David Fuentes, Yaozong Gao, Evan Gates, David Gering, Amir Gholami, Willi Gierke, Ben Glocker, Mingming Gong, Sandra González-Villá, T. Grosges, Yuanfang Guan, Sheng Guo, Sudeep Gupta, Woo-Sup Han, Il Song Han, Konstantin Harmuth, Huiguang He, Aura Hernández-Sabaté, Evelyn Herrmann, Naveen Himthani, Winston Hsu, Cheyu Hsu, Xiaojun Hu, Xiaobin Hu, Yan Hu, Yifan Hu, Rui Hua, Teng-Yi Huang, Weilin Huang, Sabine Van Huffel, Quan Huo, Vivek HV, Khan M. Iftekharuddin, Fabian Isensee, Mobarakol Islam, Aaron S. Jackson, Sachin R. Jambawalikar, Andrew Jesson, Weijian Jian, Peter Jin, V Jeya Maria Jose, Alain Jungo, B Kainz, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Po-Yu Kao, Ayush Karnawat, Thomas Kellermeier, Adel Kermi, Kurt Keutzer, Mohamed Tarek Khadir, Mahendra Khened, Philipp Kickingereder, Geena Kim, Nik King, Haley Knapp, Urspeter Knecht, Lisa Kohli, Deren Kong, Xiangmao Kong, Simon Koppers, Avinash Kori, Ganapathy Krishnamurthi, Egor Krivov, Piyush Kumar, Kaisar Kushibar, Dmitrii Lachinov, Tryphon Lambrou, Joon Lee, Chengen Lee, Yuehchou Lee, M Lee, Szidonia Lefkovits, Laszlo Lefkovits, James Levitt, Tengfei Li, Hongwei Li, Hongyang Li, Xiaochuan Li, Yuexiang Li, Heng Li, Zhenye Li, Xiaoyu Li, Zeju Li, Xiaogang Li, Wenqi Li, Zheng-Shen Lin, Fengming Lin, Pietro Lio, Chang Liu, Boqiang Liu, Xiang Liu, Mingyuan Liu, Ju Liu, Luyan Liu, Xavier Llado, Marc Moreno Lopez, Pablo Ribalta Lorenzo, Zhentai Lu, Lin Luo, Zhigang Luo, Jun Ma, Kai Ma, Thomas Mackie, Anant Madabushi, Issam Mahmoudi, Klaus H. Maier-Hein, Pradipta Maji, CP Mammen, Andreas Mang, B. S. Manjunath, Michal Marcinkiewicz, S McDonagh, Stephen McKenna, Richard McKinley, Miriam Mehl, Sachin Mehta, Raghav Mehta, Raphael Meier, Christoph Meinel, Dorit Merhof, Craig Meyer, Robert Miller, Sushmita Mitra, Aliasgar Moiyadi, David Molina-Garcia, Miguel A. B. Monteiro, Grzegorz Mrukwa, Andriy Myronenko, Jakub Nalepa, Thuyen Ngo, Dong Nie, Holly Ning, Chen Niu, Nicholas K Nuechterlein, Eric Oermann, Arlindo Oliveira, Diego D. C. Oliveira, Arnau Oliver, Alexander F. I. Osman, Yu-Nian Ou, Sebastien Ourselin, Nikos Paragios, Moo Sung Park, Brad Paschke, J. Gregory Pauloski, Kamlesh Pawar, Nick Pawlowski, Linmin Pei, Suting Peng, Silvio M. Pereira, Julian Perez-Beteta, Victor M. Perez-Garcia, Simon Pezold, Bao Pham, Ashish Phophalia, Gemma Piella, G. N. Pillai, Marie Piraud, Maxim Pisov, Anmol Popli, Michael P. Pound, Reza Pourreza, Prateek Prasanna, Vesna Prkovska, Tony P. Pridmore, Santi Puch, Élodie Puybareau, Buyue Qian, Xu Qiao, Martin Rajchl, Swapnil Rane, Michael Rebsamen, Hongliang Ren, Xuhua Ren, Karthik Revanuru, Mina Rezaei, Oliver Rippel, Luis Carlos Rivera, Charlotte Robert, Bruce Rosen, Daniel Rueckert, Mohammed Safwan, Mostafa Salem, Joaquim Salvi, Irina Sanchez, Irina Sánchez, Heitor M. Santos, Emmett Sartor, Dawid Schellingerhout, Klaudius Scheufele, Matthew R. Scott, Artur A. Scussel, Sara Sedlar, Juan Pablo Serrano-Rubio, N. Jon Shah, Nameetha Shah, Mazhar Shaikh, B. Uma Shankar, Zeina Shboul, Haipeng Shen, Dinggang Shen, Linlin Shen, Haocheng Shen, Varun Shenoy, Feng Shi, Hyung Eun Shin, Hai Shu, Diana Sima, M Sinclair, Orjan Smedby, James M. Snyder, Mohammadreza Soltaninejad, Guidong Song, Mehul Soni, Jean Stawiaski, Shashank Subramanian, Li Sun, Roger Sun, Jiawei Sun, Kay Sun, Yu Sun, Guoxia Sun, Shuang Sun, Yannick R Suter, Laszlo Szilagyi, Sanjay Talbar, DaCheng Tao, Zhongzhao Teng, Siddhesh Thakur, Meenakshi H Thakur, Sameer Tharakan, Pallavi Tiwari, Guillaume Tochon, Tuan Tran, Yuhsiang M. Tsai, Kuan-Lun Tseng, Tran Anh Tuan, Vadim Turlapov, Nicholas Tustison, Maria Vakalopoulou, Sergi Valverde, Rami Vanguri, Evgeny Vasiliev, Jonathan Ventura, Luis Vera, Tom Vercauteren, C. A. Verrastro, Lasitha Vidyaratne, Veronica Vilaplana, Ajeet Vivekanandan, Qian Wang, Chiatse J. Wang, Wei-Chung Wang, Duo Wang, Ruixuan Wang, Yuanyuan Wang, Chunliang Wang, Guotai Wang, Ning Wen, Xin Wen, Leon Weninger, Wolfgang Wick, Shaocheng Wu, Qiang Wu, Yihong Wu, Yong Xia, Yanwu Xu, Xiaowen Xu, Peiyuan Xu, Tsai-Ling Yang, Xiaoping Yang, Hao-Yu Yang, Junlin Yang, Haojin Yang, Guang Yang, Hongdou Yao, Xujiong Ye, Changchang Yin, Brett Young-Moxon, Jinhua Yu, Xiangyu Yue, Songtao Zhang, Angela Zhang, Kun Zhang, Xue-jie Zhang, Lichi Zhang, Xiaoyue Zhang, Yazhuo Zhang, Lei Zhang, Jian-Guo Zhang, Xiang Zhang, Tianhao Zhang, Sicheng Zhao, Yu Zhao, Xiaomei Zhao, Liang Zhao, Yefeng Zheng, Liming Zhong, Chenhong Zhou, Xiaobing Zhou, Fan Zhou, Hongtu Zhu, Jin Zhu, Ying Zhuge, Weiwei Zong, Jayashree Kalpathy-Cramer, Keyvan Farahani, Christos Davatzikos, Koen van Leemput, Bjoern Menze

This study assesses the state-of-the-art machine learning (ML) methods used for brain tumor image analysis in mpMRI scans, during the last seven instances of the International Brain Tumor Segmentation (BraTS) challenge, i. e., 2012-2018.

Brain Tumor Segmentation Survival Prediction +1

Multi-Task Learning for Left Atrial Segmentation on GE-MRI

1 code implementation31 Oct 2018 Chen Chen, Wenjia Bai, Daniel Rueckert

Segmentation of the left atrium (LA) is crucial for assessing its anatomy in both pre-operative atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation planning and post-operative follow-up studies.

Anatomy General Classification +1

Automatic CNN-based detection of cardiac MR motion artefacts using k-space data augmentation and curriculum learning

no code implementations29 Oct 2018 Ilkay Oksuz, Bram Ruijsink, Esther Puyol-Anton, James Clough, Gastao Cruz, Aurelien Bustin, Claudia Prieto, Rene Botnar, Daniel Rueckert, Julia A. Schnabel, Andrew P. King

Due to the high number of good quality images compared to the relatively low number of images with motion artefacts, we propose a novel data augmentation scheme based on synthetic artefact creation in k-space.

Data Augmentation