no code implementations • 13 Mar 2022 • Bilal Shaikh, Lucian P. Smith, Dan Vasilescu, Gnaneswara Marupilla, Michael Wilson, Eran Agmon, Henry Agnew, Steven S. Andrews, Azraf Anwar, Moritz E. Beber, Frank T. Bergmann, David Brooks, Lutz Brusch, Laurence Calzone, Kiri Choi, Joshua Cooper, John Detloff, Brian Drawert, Michel Dumontier, G. Bard Ermentrout, James R. Faeder, Andrew P. Freiburger, Fabian Fröhlich, Akira Funahashi, Alan Garny, John H. Gennari, Padraig Gleeson, Anne Goelzer, Zachary Haiman, Joseph L. Hellerstein, Stefan Hoops, Jon C. Ison, Diego Jahn, Henry V. Jakubowski, Ryann Jordan, Matúš Kalaš, Matthias König, Wolfram Liebermeister, Synchon Mandal, Robert McDougal, J. Kyle Medley, Pedro Mendes, Robert Müller, Chris J. Myers, Aurelien Naldi, Tung V. N. Nguyen, David P. Nickerson, Brett G. Olivier, Drashti Patoliya, Loïc Paulevé, Linda R. Petzold, Ankita Priya, Anand K. Rampadarath, Johann M. Rohwer, Ali S. Saglam, Dilawar Singh, Ankur Sinha, Jacky Snoep, Hugh Sorby, Ryan Spangler, Jörn Starruß, Payton J. Thomas, David van Niekerk, Daniel Weindl, Fengkai Zhang, Anna Zhukova, Arthur P. Goldberg, Michael L. Blinov, Herbert M. Sauro, Ion I. Moraru, Jonathan R. Karr
To help investigators find and use simulation tools, we developed BioSimulators (https://biosimulators. org), a central registry of the capabilities of simulation tools and consistent Python, command-line, and containerized interfaces to each version of each tool.
Multiparty computation approaches to secure neural network inference traditionally rely on garbled circuits for securely executing nonlinear activation functions.
no code implementations • 30 Oct 2021 • Carole-Jean Wu, Ramya Raghavendra, Udit Gupta, Bilge Acun, Newsha Ardalani, Kiwan Maeng, Gloria Chang, Fiona Aga Behram, James Huang, Charles Bai, Michael Gschwind, Anurag Gupta, Myle Ott, Anastasia Melnikov, Salvatore Candido, David Brooks, Geeta Chauhan, Benjamin Lee, Hsien-Hsin S. Lee, Bugra Akyildiz, Maximilian Balandat, Joe Spisak, Ravi Jain, Mike Rabbat, Kim Hazelwood
This paper explores the environmental impact of the super-linear growth trends for AI from a holistic perspective, spanning Data, Algorithms, and System Hardware.
Multiparty computation approaches to private neural network inference require significant communication between server and client, incur tremendous runtime penalties, and cost massive storage overheads.
We show that aggregated model updates in federated learning may be insecure.
Thus, we design RecPipeAccel (RPAccel), a custom accelerator that jointly optimizes quality, tail-latency, and system throughput.
Balancing a computing system for a UAV requires considering both the cyber (e. g., sensor rate, compute performance) and physical (e. g., payload weight) characteristics that affect overall performance.
Neural personalized recommendation models are used across a wide variety of datacenter applications including search, social media, and entertainment.
no code implementations • 27 Jan 2021 • Claire Poppett, Patrick Jelinsky, Julien Guy, Jerry Edelstein, Sharon Jelinsky, Jessica Aguilar, Ray Sharples, Jurgen Schmoll, David Bramall, Luke Tyas, Paul Martini, Kevin Fanning, Michael Levi, David Brooks, Peter Doel, Duan Yutong, Gregory Tarle, Erique Gaztanaga, Francisco Prada, the DESI Collaboration
The recently commissioned Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument (DESI) will measure the expansion historyof the universe using the Baryon Acoustic Oscillation technique.
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics
no code implementations • 28 Nov 2020 • Thierry Tambe, Coleman Hooper, Lillian Pentecost, Tianyu Jia, En-Yu Yang, Marco Donato, Victor Sanh, Paul N. Whatmough, Alexander M. Rush, David Brooks, Gu-Yeon Wei
Transformer-based language models such as BERT provide significant accuracy improvement for a multitude of natural language processing (NLP) tasks.
Deep learning based recommendation systems form the backbone of most personalized cloud services.
no code implementations • 27 Aug 2020 • Yu-Ching Chen, Xin Liu, Wei-Ting Liao, A. Miguel Holgado, Hengxiao Guo, Robert A. Gruendl, Eric Morganson, Yue Shen, Kaiwen Zhang, Tim M. C. Abbott, Michel Aguena, Sahar Allam, Santiago Avila, Emmanuel Bertin, Sunayana Bhargava, David Brooks, David L. Burke, Aurelio Carnero Rosell, Daniela Carollo, Matias Carrasco Kind, Jorge Carretero, Matteo Costanzi, Luiz N. da Costa, Tamara M. Davis, Juan De Vicente, Shantanu Desai, H. Thomas Diehl, Peter Doel, Spencer Everett, Brenna Flaugher, Douglas Friedel, Joshua Frieman, Juan García-Bellido, Enrique Gaztanaga, Karl Glazebrook, Daniel Gruen, Gaston Gutierrez, Samuel R. Hinton, Devon L. Hollowood, David J. James, Alex G. Kim, Kyler Kuehn, Nikolay Kuropatkin, Geraint F. Lewis, Christopher Lidman, Marcos Lima, Marcio A. G. Maia, Marisa March, Jennifer L. Marshall, Felipe Menanteau, Ramon Miquel, Antonella Palmese, Francisco Paz-Chinchón, Andrés A. Plazas, Eusebio Sanchez, Michael Schubnell, Santiago Serrano, Ignacio Sevilla-Noarbe, Mathew Smith, Eric Suchyta, Molly E. C. Swanson, Gregory Tarle, Brad E. Tucker, Tamas Norbert Varga, Alistair R. Walker
We present a systematic search for periodic light curves in 625 spectroscopically confirmed quasars with a median redshift of 1. 8 in a 4. 6 deg$^2$ overlapping region of the Dark Energy Survey Supernova (DES-SN) fields and the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Stripe 82 (SDSS-S82).
High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena Astrophysics of Galaxies
no code implementations • 25 Feb 2020 • DES Collaboration, Tim Abbott, Michel Aguena, Alex Alarcon, Sahar Allam, Steve Allen, James Annis, Santiago Avila, David Bacon, Alberto Bermeo, Gary Bernstein, Emmanuel Bertin, Sunayana Bhargava, Sebastian Bocquet, David Brooks, Dillon Brout, Elizabeth Buckley-Geer, David Burke, Aurelio Carnero Rosell, Matias Carrasco Kind, Jorge Carretero, Francisco Javier Castander, Ross Cawthon, Chihway Chang, Xinyi Chen, Ami Choi, Matteo Costanzi, Martin Crocce, Luiz da Costa, Tamara Davis, Juan De Vicente, Joseph DeRose, Shantanu Desai, H. Thomas Diehl, Jörg Dietrich, Scott Dodelson, Peter Doel, Alex Drlica-Wagner, Kathleen Eckert, Tim Eifler, Jack Elvin-Poole, Juan Estrada, Spencer Everett, August Evrard, Arya Farahi, Ismael Ferrero, Brenna Flaugher, Pablo Fosalba, Josh Frieman, Juan Garcia-Bellido, Marco Gatti, Enrique Gaztanaga, David Gerdes, Tommaso Giannantonio, Paul Giles, Sebastian Grandis, Daniel Gruen, Robert Gruendl, Julia Gschwend, Gaston Gutierrez, Will Hartley, Samuel Hinton, Devon L. Hollowood, Klaus Honscheid, Ben Hoyle, Dragan Huterer, David James, Mike Jarvis, Tesla Jeltema, Margaret Johnson, Stephen Kent, Elisabeth Krause, Richard Kron, Kyler Kuehn, Nikolay Kuropatkin, Ofer Lahav, Ting Li, Christopher Lidman, Marcos Lima, Huan Lin, Niall MacCrann, Marcio Maia, Adam Mantz, Jennifer Marshall, Paul Martini, Julian Mayers, Peter Melchior, Juan Mena, Felipe Menanteau, Ramon Miquel, Joe Mohr, Robert Nichol, Brian Nord, Ricardo Ogando, Antonella Palmese, Francisco Paz-Chinchon, Andrés Plazas Malagón, Judit Prat, Markus Michael Rau, Kathy Romer, Aaron Roodman, Philip Rooney, Eduardo Rozo, Eli Rykoff, Masao Sako, Simon Samuroff, Carles Sanchez, Alexandro Saro, Vic Scarpine, Michael Schubnell, Daniel Scolnic, Santiago Serrano, Ignacio Sevilla, Erin Sheldon, J. Allyn Smith, Eric Suchyta, Molly Swanson, Gregory Tarle, Daniel Thomas, Chun-Hao To, Michael A. Troxel, Douglas Tucker, Tamas Norbert Varga, Anja von der Linden, Alistair Walker, Risa Wechsler, Jochen Weller, Reese Wilkinson, Hao-Yi Wu, Brian Yanny, Zhuowen Zhang, Joe Zuntz
We perform a joint analysis of the counts and weak lensing signal of redMaPPer clusters selected from the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Year 1 dataset.
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
The current trend for domain-specific architectures (DSAs) has led to renewed interest in research test chips to demonstrate new specialized hardware.
Neural personalized recommendation is the corner-stone of a wide collection of cloud services and products, constituting significant compute demand of the cloud infrastructure.
Distributed, Parallel, and Cluster Computing
In recent years, there has been tremendous advances in hardware acceleration of deep neural networks.
We propose a new algorithm for training neural networks with binary activations and multi-level weights, which enables efficient processing-in-memory circuits with embedded nonvolatile memories (eNVM).
2 code implementations • 2 Oct 2019 • Peter Mattson, Christine Cheng, Cody Coleman, Greg Diamos, Paulius Micikevicius, David Patterson, Hanlin Tang, Gu-Yeon Wei, Peter Bailis, Victor Bittorf, David Brooks, Dehao Chen, Debojyoti Dutta, Udit Gupta, Kim Hazelwood, Andrew Hock, Xinyuan Huang, Atsushi Ike, Bill Jia, Daniel Kang, David Kanter, Naveen Kumar, Jeffery Liao, Guokai Ma, Deepak Narayanan, Tayo Oguntebi, Gennady Pekhimenko, Lillian Pentecost, Vijay Janapa Reddi, Taylor Robie, Tom St. John, Tsuguchika Tabaru, Carole-Jean Wu, Lingjie Xu, Masafumi Yamazaki, Cliff Young, Matei Zaharia
Machine learning (ML) needs industry-standard performance benchmarks to support design and competitive evaluation of the many emerging software and hardware solutions for ML.
Conventional hardware-friendly quantization methods, such as fixed-point or integer, tend to perform poorly at very low word sizes as their shrinking dynamic ranges cannot adequately capture the wide data distributions commonly seen in sequence transduction models.
The architecture is enhanced by a series of dynamic activation optimizations that enable compact storage, ensure no energy is wasted computing null operations, and maintain high MAC utilization for highly parallel accelerator designs.
State-of-the-art machine learning frameworks support a wide variety of design features to enable a flexible machine learning programming interface and to ease the programmability burden on machine learning developers.
7 code implementations • 6 Jun 2019 • Udit Gupta, Carole-Jean Wu, Xiaodong Wang, Maxim Naumov, Brandon Reagen, David Brooks, Bradford Cottel, Kim Hazelwood, Bill Jia, Hsien-Hsin S. Lee, Andrey Malevich, Dheevatsa Mudigere, Mikhail Smelyanskiy, Liang Xiong, Xuan Zhang
The widespread application of deep learning has changed the landscape of computation in the data center.
2 code implementations • 8 Jan 2019 • Joseph DeRose, Risa H. Wechsler, Matthew R. Becker, Michael T. Busha, Eli S. Rykoff, Niall MacCrann, Brandon Erickson, August E. Evrard, Andrey Kravtsov, Daniel Gruen, Sahar Allam, Santiago Avila, Sarah Bridle, David Brooks, Elizabeth Buckley-Geer, Aurelio Carnero Rosell, Matias Carrasco Kind, Jorge Carretero, Francisco J. Castander, Ross Cawthon, Martin Crocce, Luiz N. da Costa, Christopher Davis, Juan De Vicente, Jörg P. Dietrich, Peter Doel, Alex Drlica-Wagner, Pablo Fosalba, Josh Frieman, Juan Garcia-Bellido, Gaston Gutierrez, Will G. Hartley, Devon L. Hollowood, Ben Hoyle, David J. James, Elisabeth Krause, Kyler Kuehn, Nikolay Kuropatkin, Marcos Lima, Marcio A. G. Maia, Felipe Menanteau, Christopher J. Miller, Ramon Miquel, Ricardo L. C. Ogando, Andrés Plazas Malagón, A. Kathy Romer, Eusebio Sanchez, Rafe Schindler, Santiago Serrano, Ignacio Sevilla-Noarbe, Mathew Smith, Eric Suchyta, Molly E. C. Swanson, Gregory Tarle, Vinu Vikram
We show that the weak-lensing shear catalog, redMaGiC galaxy catalogs and redMaPPer cluster catalogs provide plausible realizations of the same catalogs in the DES Y1 data by comparing their magnitude, color and redshift distributions, angular clustering, and mass-observable relations, making them useful for testing analyses that use these samples.
Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
This paper takes the position that, while cognitive computing today relies heavily on the cloud, we will soon see a paradigm shift where cognitive computing primarily happens on network edges.
This results in up to a 1. 51x improvement over the state-of-the-art.
Fathom has been released online, and this paper focuses on understanding the fundamental performance characteristics of each model.