The ability to adapt medical image segmentation networks for a novel class such as an unseen anatomical or pathological structure, when only a few labelled examples of this class are available from local healthcare providers, is sought-after.
Semi-supervised training was 14$\times$ more annotation-efficient for case-based performance and 6$\times$ more annotation-efficient for lesion-based performance.
In this study, state-of-the-art deep learning models were used to develop an automatic framework for PDAC detection, focusing on small lesions.
We hypothesize that probabilistic voxel-level classification of anatomy and malignancy in prostate MRI, although typically posed as near-identical segmentation tasks via U-Nets, require different loss functions for optimal performance due to inherent differences in their clinical objectives.
We experimented with spatio-temporal deep learning architectures centered around a ConvGRU architecture.
1 code implementation • 10 Jun 2021 • Michela Antonelli, Annika Reinke, Spyridon Bakas, Keyvan Farahani, AnnetteKopp-Schneider, Bennett A. Landman, Geert Litjens, Bjoern Menze, Olaf Ronneberger, Ronald M. Summers, Bram van Ginneken, Michel Bilello, Patrick Bilic, Patrick F. Christ, Richard K. G. Do, Marc J. Gollub, Stephan H. Heckers, William R. Jarnagin, Maureen K. McHugo, Sandy Napel, Jennifer S. Goli Pernicka, Kawal Rhode, Catalina Tobon-Gomez, Eugene Vorontsov, Henkjan Huisman, James A. Meakin, Sebastien Ourselin, Manuel Wiesenfarth, Pablo Arbelaez, Byeonguk Bae, Sihong Chen, Laura Daza, Jianjiang Feng, Baochun He, Fabian Isensee, Yuanfeng Ji, Fucang Jia, Namkug Kim, Ildoo Kim, Dorit Merhof, Akshay Pai, Beomhee Park, Mathias Perslev, Ramin Rezaiifar, Oliver Rippel, Ignacio Sarasua, Wei Shen, Jaemin Son, Christian Wachinger, Liansheng Wang, Yan Wang, Yingda Xia, Daguang Xu, Zhanwei Xu, Yefeng Zheng, Amber L. Simpson, Lena Maier-Hein, M. Jorge Cardoso
Segmentation is so far the most widely investigated medical image processing task, but the various segmentation challenges have typically been organized in isolation, such that algorithm development was driven by the need to tackle a single specific clinical problem.
We present a multi-stage 3D computer-aided detection and diagnosis (CAD) model for automated localization of clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) in bi-parametric MR imaging (bpMRI).
We hypothesize that anatomical priors can be viable mediums to infuse domain-specific clinical knowledge into state-of-the-art convolutional neural networks (CNN) based on the U-Net architecture.
The accurate estimation of predictive uncertainty carries importance in medical scenarios such as lung node segmentation.
We show that to segment more tissues the network replaces feature maps that were dedicated to detecting prostate peripheral zones, by feature maps detecting the surrounding tissues.