Search Results for author: Konstantinos Kamnitsas

Found 26 papers, 12 papers with code

Distributional Gaussian Process Layers for Outlier Detection in Image Segmentation

no code implementations28 Apr 2021 Sebastian G. Popescu, David J. Sharp, James H. Cole, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Ben Glocker

We propose a parameter efficient Bayesian layer for hierarchical convolutional Gaussian Processes that incorporates Gaussian Processes operating in Wasserstein-2 space to reliably propagate uncertainty.

Gaussian Processes Outlier Detection +2

Analyzing Overfitting under Class Imbalance in Neural Networks for Image Segmentation

1 code implementation20 Feb 2021 Zeju Li, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Ben Glocker

In particular, in image segmentation neural networks may overfit to the foreground samples from small structures, which are often heavily under-represented in the training set, leading to poor generalization.

Data Augmentation Semantic Segmentation

Overfitting of neural nets under class imbalance: Analysis and improvements for segmentation

1 code implementation25 Jul 2019 Zeju Li, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Ben Glocker

Overfitting in deep learning has been the focus of a number of recent works, yet its exact impact on the behavior of neural networks is not well understood.

Semantic Segmentation

Data Efficient Unsupervised Domain Adaptation for Cross-Modality Image Segmentation

no code implementations5 Jul 2019 Cheng Ouyang, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Carlo Biffi, Jinming Duan, Daniel Rueckert

Deep unsupervised domain adaptation (UDA) aims to improve the performance of a deep neural network model on a target domain, using solely unlabelled target domain data and labelled source domain data.

Medical Image Segmentation Unsupervised Domain Adaptation

Multiple Landmark Detection using Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning

1 code implementation30 Jun 2019 Athanasios Vlontzos, Amir Alansary, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Daniel Rueckert, Bernhard Kainz

We compare our approach with state-of-the-art architectures and achieve significantly better accuracy by reducing the detection error by 50%, while requiring fewer computational resources and time to train compared to the naive approach of training K agents separately.

Multi-agent Reinforcement Learning

Explainable Anatomical Shape Analysis through Deep Hierarchical Generative Models

1 code implementation28 Jun 2019 Carlo Biffi, Juan J. Cerrolaza, Giacomo Tarroni, Wenjia Bai, Antonio de Marvao, Ozan Oktay, Christian Ledig, Loic Le Folgoc, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Georgia Doumou, Jinming Duan, Sanjay K. Prasad, Stuart A. Cook, Declan P. O'Regan, Daniel Rueckert

At the highest level of this hierarchy, a two-dimensional latent space is simultaneously optimised to discriminate distinct clinical conditions, enabling the direct visualisation of the classification space.

Towards continual learning in medical imaging

no code implementations6 Nov 2018 Chaitanya Baweja, Ben Glocker, Konstantinos Kamnitsas

This work investigates continual learning of two segmentation tasks in brain MRI with neural networks.

Atari Games Continual Learning

Identifying the Best Machine Learning Algorithms for Brain Tumor Segmentation, Progression Assessment, and Overall Survival Prediction in the BRATS Challenge

1 code implementation5 Nov 2018 Spyridon Bakas, Mauricio Reyes, Andras Jakab, Stefan Bauer, Markus Rempfler, Alessandro Crimi, Russell Takeshi Shinohara, Christoph Berger, Sung Min Ha, Martin Rozycki, Marcel Prastawa, Esther Alberts, Jana Lipkova, John Freymann, Justin Kirby, Michel Bilello, Hassan Fathallah-Shaykh, Roland Wiest, Jan Kirschke, Benedikt Wiestler, Rivka Colen, Aikaterini Kotrotsou, Pamela Lamontagne, Daniel Marcus, Mikhail Milchenko, Arash Nazeri, Marc-Andre Weber, Abhishek Mahajan, Ujjwal Baid, Elizabeth Gerstner, Dongjin Kwon, Gagan Acharya, Manu Agarwal, Mahbubul Alam, Alberto Albiol, Antonio Albiol, Francisco J. Albiol, Varghese Alex, Nigel Allinson, Pedro H. A. Amorim, Abhijit Amrutkar, Ganesh Anand, Simon Andermatt, Tal Arbel, Pablo Arbelaez, Aaron Avery, Muneeza Azmat, Pranjal B., W Bai, Subhashis Banerjee, Bill Barth, Thomas Batchelder, Kayhan Batmanghelich, Enzo Battistella, Andrew Beers, Mikhail Belyaev, Martin Bendszus, Eze Benson, Jose Bernal, Halandur Nagaraja Bharath, George Biros, Sotirios Bisdas, James Brown, Mariano Cabezas, Shilei Cao, Jorge M. Cardoso, Eric N Carver, Adrià Casamitjana, Laura Silvana Castillo, Marcel Catà, Philippe Cattin, Albert Cerigues, Vinicius S. Chagas, Siddhartha Chandra, Yi-Ju Chang, Shiyu Chang, Ken Chang, Joseph Chazalon, Shengcong Chen, Wei Chen, Jefferson W. Chen, Zhaolin Chen, Kun Cheng, Ahana Roy Choudhury, Roger Chylla, Albert Clérigues, Steven Colleman, Ramiro German Rodriguez Colmeiro, Marc Combalia, Anthony Costa, Xiaomeng Cui, Zhenzhen Dai, Lutao Dai, Laura Alexandra Daza, Eric Deutsch, Changxing Ding, Chao Dong, Shidu Dong, Wojciech Dudzik, Zach Eaton-Rosen, Gary Egan, Guilherme Escudero, Théo Estienne, Richard Everson, Jonathan Fabrizio, Yong Fan, Longwei Fang, Xue Feng, Enzo Ferrante, Lucas Fidon, Martin Fischer, Andrew P. French, Naomi Fridman, Huan Fu, David Fuentes, Yaozong Gao, Evan Gates, David Gering, Amir Gholami, Willi Gierke, Ben Glocker, Mingming Gong, Sandra González-Villá, T. Grosges, Yuanfang Guan, Sheng Guo, Sudeep Gupta, Woo-Sup Han, Il Song Han, Konstantin Harmuth, Huiguang He, Aura Hernández-Sabaté, Evelyn Herrmann, Naveen Himthani, Winston Hsu, Cheyu Hsu, Xiaojun Hu, Xiaobin Hu, Yan Hu, Yifan Hu, Rui Hua, Teng-Yi Huang, Weilin Huang, Sabine Van Huffel, Quan Huo, Vivek HV, Khan M. Iftekharuddin, Fabian Isensee, Mobarakol Islam, Aaron S. Jackson, Sachin R. Jambawalikar, Andrew Jesson, Weijian Jian, Peter Jin, V Jeya Maria Jose, Alain Jungo, B Kainz, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Po-Yu Kao, Ayush Karnawat, Thomas Kellermeier, Adel Kermi, Kurt Keutzer, Mohamed Tarek Khadir, Mahendra Khened, Philipp Kickingereder, Geena Kim, Nik King, Haley Knapp, Urspeter Knecht, Lisa Kohli, Deren Kong, Xiangmao Kong, Simon Koppers, Avinash Kori, Ganapathy Krishnamurthi, Egor Krivov, Piyush Kumar, Kaisar Kushibar, Dmitrii Lachinov, Tryphon Lambrou, Joon Lee, Chengen Lee, Yuehchou Lee, M Lee, Szidonia Lefkovits, Laszlo Lefkovits, James Levitt, Tengfei Li, Hongwei Li, Hongyang Li, Xiaochuan Li, Yuexiang Li, Heng Li, Zhenye Li, Xiaoyu Li, Zeju Li, Xiaogang Li, Wenqi Li, Zheng-Shen Lin, Fengming Lin, Pietro Lio, Chang Liu, Boqiang Liu, Xiang Liu, Mingyuan Liu, Ju Liu, Luyan Liu, Xavier Llado, Marc Moreno Lopez, Pablo Ribalta Lorenzo, Zhentai Lu, Lin Luo, Zhigang Luo, Jun Ma, Kai Ma, Thomas Mackie, Anant Madabushi, Issam Mahmoudi, Klaus H. Maier-Hein, Pradipta Maji, CP Mammen, Andreas Mang, B. S. Manjunath, Michal Marcinkiewicz, S McDonagh, Stephen McKenna, Richard McKinley, Miriam Mehl, Sachin Mehta, Raghav Mehta, Raphael Meier, Christoph Meinel, Dorit Merhof, Craig Meyer, Robert Miller, Sushmita Mitra, Aliasgar Moiyadi, David Molina-Garcia, Miguel A. B. Monteiro, Grzegorz Mrukwa, Andriy Myronenko, Jakub Nalepa, Thuyen Ngo, Dong Nie, Holly Ning, Chen Niu, Nicholas K Nuechterlein, Eric Oermann, Arlindo Oliveira, Diego D. C. Oliveira, Arnau Oliver, Alexander F. I. Osman, Yu-Nian Ou, Sebastien Ourselin, Nikos Paragios, Moo Sung Park, Brad Paschke, J. Gregory Pauloski, Kamlesh Pawar, Nick Pawlowski, Linmin Pei, Suting Peng, Silvio M. Pereira, Julian Perez-Beteta, Victor M. Perez-Garcia, Simon Pezold, Bao Pham, Ashish Phophalia, Gemma Piella, G. N. Pillai, Marie Piraud, Maxim Pisov, Anmol Popli, Michael P. Pound, Reza Pourreza, Prateek Prasanna, Vesna Prkovska, Tony P. Pridmore, Santi Puch, Élodie Puybareau, Buyue Qian, Xu Qiao, Martin Rajchl, Swapnil Rane, Michael Rebsamen, Hongliang Ren, Xuhua Ren, Karthik Revanuru, Mina Rezaei, Oliver Rippel, Luis Carlos Rivera, Charlotte Robert, Bruce Rosen, Daniel Rueckert, Mohammed Safwan, Mostafa Salem, Joaquim Salvi, Irina Sanchez, Irina Sánchez, Heitor M. Santos, Emmett Sartor, Dawid Schellingerhout, Klaudius Scheufele, Matthew R. Scott, Artur A. Scussel, Sara Sedlar, Juan Pablo Serrano-Rubio, N. Jon Shah, Nameetha Shah, Mazhar Shaikh, B. Uma Shankar, Zeina Shboul, Haipeng Shen, Dinggang Shen, Linlin Shen, Haocheng Shen, Varun Shenoy, Feng Shi, Hyung Eun Shin, Hai Shu, Diana Sima, M Sinclair, Orjan Smedby, James M. Snyder, Mohammadreza Soltaninejad, Guidong Song, Mehul Soni, Jean Stawiaski, Shashank Subramanian, Li Sun, Roger Sun, Jiawei Sun, Kay Sun, Yu Sun, Guoxia Sun, Shuang Sun, Yannick R Suter, Laszlo Szilagyi, Sanjay Talbar, DaCheng Tao, Zhongzhao Teng, Siddhesh Thakur, Meenakshi H Thakur, Sameer Tharakan, Pallavi Tiwari, Guillaume Tochon, Tuan Tran, Yuhsiang M. Tsai, Kuan-Lun Tseng, Tran Anh Tuan, Vadim Turlapov, Nicholas Tustison, Maria Vakalopoulou, Sergi Valverde, Rami Vanguri, Evgeny Vasiliev, Jonathan Ventura, Luis Vera, Tom Vercauteren, C. A. Verrastro, Lasitha Vidyaratne, Veronica Vilaplana, Ajeet Vivekanandan, Qian Wang, Chiatse J. Wang, Wei-Chung Wang, Duo Wang, Ruixuan Wang, Yuanyuan Wang, Chunliang Wang, Guotai Wang, Ning Wen, Xin Wen, Leon Weninger, Wolfgang Wick, Shaocheng Wu, Qiang Wu, Yihong Wu, Yong Xia, Yanwu Xu, Xiaowen Xu, Peiyuan Xu, Tsai-Ling Yang, Xiaoping Yang, Hao-Yu Yang, Junlin Yang, Haojin Yang, Guang Yang, Hongdou Yao, Xujiong Ye, Changchang Yin, Brett Young-Moxon, Jinhua Yu, Xiangyu Yue, Songtao Zhang, Angela Zhang, Kun Zhang, Xue-jie Zhang, Lichi Zhang, Xiaoyue Zhang, Yazhuo Zhang, Lei Zhang, Jian-Guo Zhang, Xiang Zhang, Tianhao Zhang, Sicheng Zhao, Yu Zhao, Xiaomei Zhao, Liang Zhao, Yefeng Zheng, Liming Zhong, Chenhong Zhou, Xiaobing Zhou, Fan Zhou, Hongtu Zhu, Jin Zhu, Ying Zhuge, Weiwei Zong, Jayashree Kalpathy-Cramer, Keyvan Farahani, Christos Davatzikos, Koen van Leemput, Bjoern Menze

This study assesses the state-of-the-art machine learning (ML) methods used for brain tumor image analysis in mpMRI scans, during the last seven instances of the International Brain Tumor Segmentation (BraTS) challenge, i. e., 2012-2018.

Brain Tumor Segmentation Survival Prediction +1

Generative adversarial networks and adversarial methods in biomedical image analysis

no code implementations24 Oct 2018 Jelmer M. Wolterink, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Christian Ledig, Ivana Išgum

Generative adversarial networks (GANs) and other adversarial methods are based on a game-theoretical perspective on joint optimization of two neural networks as players in a game.

Semi-Supervised Learning via Compact Latent Space Clustering

no code implementations ICML 2018 Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Daniel C. Castro, Loic Le Folgoc, Ian Walker, Ryutaro Tanno, Daniel Rueckert, Ben Glocker, Antonio Criminisi, Aditya Nori

We present a novel cost function for semi-supervised learning of neural networks that encourages compact clustering of the latent space to facilitate separation.

Autofocus Layer for Semantic Segmentation

3 code implementations22 May 2018 Yao Qin, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Siddharth Ancha, Jay Nanavati, Garrison Cottrell, Antonio Criminisi, Aditya Nori

We propose the autofocus convolutional layer for semantic segmentation with the objective of enhancing the capabilities of neural networks for multi-scale processing.

Brain Tumor Segmentation Tumor Segmentation

Ensembles of Multiple Models and Architectures for Robust Brain Tumour Segmentation

no code implementations4 Nov 2017 Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Wenjia Bai, Enzo Ferrante, Steven McDonagh, Matthew Sinclair, Nick Pawlowski, Martin Rajchl, Matthew Lee, Bernhard Kainz, Daniel Rueckert, Ben Glocker

Deep learning approaches such as convolutional neural nets have consistently outperformed previous methods on challenging tasks such as dense, semantic segmentation.

Semantic Segmentation

Reverse Classification Accuracy: Predicting Segmentation Performance in the Absence of Ground Truth

no code implementations11 Feb 2017 Vanya V. Valindria, Ioannis Lavdas, Wenjia Bai, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Eric O. Aboagye, Andrea G. Rockall, Daniel Rueckert, Ben Glocker

In RCA we take the predicted segmentation from a new image to train a reverse classifier which is evaluated on a set of reference images with available ground truth.

General Classification

Unsupervised domain adaptation in brain lesion segmentation with adversarial networks

no code implementations28 Dec 2016 Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Christian Baumgartner, Christian Ledig, Virginia F. J. Newcombe, Joanna P. Simpson, Andrew D. Kane, David K. Menon, Aditya Nori, Antonio Criminisi, Daniel Rueckert, Ben Glocker

In this work we investigate unsupervised domain adaptation using adversarial neural networks to train a segmentation method which is more invariant to differences in the input data, and which does not require any annotations on the test domain.

Lesion Segmentation Unsupervised Domain Adaptation

SonoNet: Real-Time Detection and Localisation of Fetal Standard Scan Planes in Freehand Ultrasound

2 code implementations16 Dec 2016 Christian F. Baumgartner, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Jacqueline Matthew, Tara P. Fletcher, Sandra Smith, Lisa M. Koch, Bernhard Kainz, Daniel Rueckert

In this paper, we propose a novel method based on convolutional neural networks which can automatically detect 13 fetal standard views in freehand 2D ultrasound data as well as provide a localisation of the fetal structures via a bounding box.

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