no code implementations • 19 Jul 2021 • Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Stefan Winzeck, Evgenios N. Kornaropoulos, Daniel Whitehouse, Cameron Englman, Poe Phyu, Norman Pao, David K. Menon, Daniel Rueckert, Tilak Das, Virginia F. J. Newcombe, Ben Glocker
It focuses on the quality of predictions made on the unlabeled data of interest when they are included for optimization during training, rather than improving generalization.
Scarcity of high quality annotated images remains a limiting factor for training accurate image segmentation models.
Image classification models deployed in the real world may receive inputs outside the intended data distribution.
We propose a parameter efficient Bayesian layer for hierarchical convolutional Gaussian Processes that incorporates Gaussian Processes operating in Wasserstein-2 space to reliably propagate uncertainty.
In particular, in image segmentation neural networks may overfit to the foreground samples from small structures, which are often heavily under-represented in the training set, leading to poor generalization.
In image segmentation, there is often more than one plausible solution for a given input.
Generalization capability to unseen domains is crucial for machine learning models when deploying to real-world conditions.
Ranked #41 on Domain Generalization on PACS
Overfitting in deep learning has been the focus of a number of recent works, yet its exact impact on the behavior of neural networks is not well understood.
Deep unsupervised domain adaptation (UDA) aims to improve the performance of a deep neural network model on a target domain, using solely unlabelled target domain data and labelled source domain data.
We compare our approach with state-of-the-art architectures and achieve significantly better accuracy by reducing the detection error by 50%, while requiring fewer computational resources and time to train compared to the naive approach of training K agents separately.
1 code implementation • 28 Jun 2019 • Carlo Biffi, Juan J. Cerrolaza, Giacomo Tarroni, Wenjia Bai, Antonio de Marvao, Ozan Oktay, Christian Ledig, Loic Le Folgoc, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Georgia Doumou, Jinming Duan, Sanjay K. Prasad, Stuart A. Cook, Declan P. O'Regan, Daniel Rueckert
At the highest level of this hierarchy, a two-dimensional latent space is simultaneously optimised to discriminate distinct clinical conditions, enabling the direct visualisation of the classification space.
1 code implementation • 5 Nov 2018 • Spyridon Bakas, Mauricio Reyes, Andras Jakab, Stefan Bauer, Markus Rempfler, Alessandro Crimi, Russell Takeshi Shinohara, Christoph Berger, Sung Min Ha, Martin Rozycki, Marcel Prastawa, Esther Alberts, Jana Lipkova, John Freymann, Justin Kirby, Michel Bilello, Hassan Fathallah-Shaykh, Roland Wiest, Jan Kirschke, Benedikt Wiestler, Rivka Colen, Aikaterini Kotrotsou, Pamela Lamontagne, Daniel Marcus, Mikhail Milchenko, Arash Nazeri, Marc-Andre Weber, Abhishek Mahajan, Ujjwal Baid, Elizabeth Gerstner, Dongjin Kwon, Gagan Acharya, Manu Agarwal, Mahbubul Alam, Alberto Albiol, Antonio Albiol, Francisco J. Albiol, Varghese Alex, Nigel Allinson, Pedro H. A. Amorim, Abhijit Amrutkar, Ganesh Anand, Simon Andermatt, Tal Arbel, Pablo Arbelaez, Aaron Avery, Muneeza Azmat, Pranjal B., W Bai, Subhashis Banerjee, Bill Barth, Thomas Batchelder, Kayhan Batmanghelich, Enzo Battistella, Andrew Beers, Mikhail Belyaev, Martin Bendszus, Eze Benson, Jose Bernal, Halandur Nagaraja Bharath, George Biros, Sotirios Bisdas, James Brown, Mariano Cabezas, Shilei Cao, Jorge M. Cardoso, Eric N Carver, Adrià Casamitjana, Laura Silvana Castillo, Marcel Catà, Philippe Cattin, Albert Cerigues, Vinicius S. Chagas, Siddhartha Chandra, Yi-Ju Chang, Shiyu Chang, Ken Chang, Joseph Chazalon, Shengcong Chen, Wei Chen, Jefferson W. Chen, Zhaolin Chen, Kun Cheng, Ahana Roy Choudhury, Roger Chylla, Albert Clérigues, Steven Colleman, Ramiro German Rodriguez Colmeiro, Marc Combalia, Anthony Costa, Xiaomeng Cui, Zhenzhen Dai, Lutao Dai, Laura Alexandra Daza, Eric Deutsch, Changxing Ding, Chao Dong, Shidu Dong, Wojciech Dudzik, Zach Eaton-Rosen, Gary Egan, Guilherme Escudero, Théo Estienne, Richard Everson, Jonathan Fabrizio, Yong Fan, Longwei Fang, Xue Feng, Enzo Ferrante, Lucas Fidon, Martin Fischer, Andrew P. French, Naomi Fridman, Huan Fu, David Fuentes, Yaozong Gao, Evan Gates, David Gering, Amir Gholami, Willi Gierke, Ben Glocker, Mingming Gong, Sandra González-Villá, T. Grosges, Yuanfang Guan, Sheng Guo, Sudeep Gupta, Woo-Sup Han, Il Song Han, Konstantin Harmuth, Huiguang He, Aura Hernández-Sabaté, Evelyn Herrmann, Naveen Himthani, Winston Hsu, Cheyu Hsu, Xiaojun Hu, Xiaobin Hu, Yan Hu, Yifan Hu, Rui Hua, Teng-Yi Huang, Weilin Huang, Sabine Van Huffel, Quan Huo, Vivek HV, Khan M. Iftekharuddin, Fabian Isensee, Mobarakol Islam, Aaron S. Jackson, Sachin R. Jambawalikar, Andrew Jesson, Weijian Jian, Peter Jin, V Jeya Maria Jose, Alain Jungo, B Kainz, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Po-Yu Kao, Ayush Karnawat, Thomas Kellermeier, Adel Kermi, Kurt Keutzer, Mohamed Tarek Khadir, Mahendra Khened, Philipp Kickingereder, Geena Kim, Nik King, Haley Knapp, Urspeter Knecht, Lisa Kohli, Deren Kong, Xiangmao Kong, Simon Koppers, Avinash Kori, Ganapathy Krishnamurthi, Egor Krivov, Piyush Kumar, Kaisar Kushibar, Dmitrii Lachinov, Tryphon Lambrou, Joon Lee, Chengen Lee, Yuehchou Lee, M Lee, Szidonia Lefkovits, Laszlo Lefkovits, James Levitt, Tengfei Li, Hongwei Li, Hongyang Li, Xiaochuan Li, Yuexiang Li, Heng Li, Zhenye Li, Xiaoyu Li, Zeju Li, Xiaogang Li, Wenqi Li, Zheng-Shen Lin, Fengming Lin, Pietro Lio, Chang Liu, Boqiang Liu, Xiang Liu, Mingyuan Liu, Ju Liu, Luyan Liu, Xavier Llado, Marc Moreno Lopez, Pablo Ribalta Lorenzo, Zhentai Lu, Lin Luo, Zhigang Luo, Jun Ma, Kai Ma, Thomas Mackie, Anant Madabushi, Issam Mahmoudi, Klaus H. Maier-Hein, Pradipta Maji, CP Mammen, Andreas Mang, B. S. Manjunath, Michal Marcinkiewicz, S McDonagh, Stephen McKenna, Richard McKinley, Miriam Mehl, Sachin Mehta, Raghav Mehta, Raphael Meier, Christoph Meinel, Dorit Merhof, Craig Meyer, Robert Miller, Sushmita Mitra, Aliasgar Moiyadi, David Molina-Garcia, Miguel A. B. Monteiro, Grzegorz Mrukwa, Andriy Myronenko, Jakub Nalepa, Thuyen Ngo, Dong Nie, Holly Ning, Chen Niu, Nicholas K Nuechterlein, Eric Oermann, Arlindo Oliveira, Diego D. C. Oliveira, Arnau Oliver, Alexander F. I. Osman, Yu-Nian Ou, Sebastien Ourselin, Nikos Paragios, Moo Sung Park, Brad Paschke, J. Gregory Pauloski, Kamlesh Pawar, Nick Pawlowski, Linmin Pei, Suting Peng, Silvio M. Pereira, Julian Perez-Beteta, Victor M. Perez-Garcia, Simon Pezold, Bao Pham, Ashish Phophalia, Gemma Piella, G. N. Pillai, Marie Piraud, Maxim Pisov, Anmol Popli, Michael P. Pound, Reza Pourreza, Prateek Prasanna, Vesna Prkovska, Tony P. Pridmore, Santi Puch, Élodie Puybareau, Buyue Qian, Xu Qiao, Martin Rajchl, Swapnil Rane, Michael Rebsamen, Hongliang Ren, Xuhua Ren, Karthik Revanuru, Mina Rezaei, Oliver Rippel, Luis Carlos Rivera, Charlotte Robert, Bruce Rosen, Daniel Rueckert, Mohammed Safwan, Mostafa Salem, Joaquim Salvi, Irina Sanchez, Irina Sánchez, Heitor M. Santos, Emmett Sartor, Dawid Schellingerhout, Klaudius Scheufele, Matthew R. Scott, Artur A. Scussel, Sara Sedlar, Juan Pablo Serrano-Rubio, N. Jon Shah, Nameetha Shah, Mazhar Shaikh, B. Uma Shankar, Zeina Shboul, Haipeng Shen, Dinggang Shen, Linlin Shen, Haocheng Shen, Varun Shenoy, Feng Shi, Hyung Eun Shin, Hai Shu, Diana Sima, M Sinclair, Orjan Smedby, James M. Snyder, Mohammadreza Soltaninejad, Guidong Song, Mehul Soni, Jean Stawiaski, Shashank Subramanian, Li Sun, Roger Sun, Jiawei Sun, Kay Sun, Yu Sun, Guoxia Sun, Shuang Sun, Yannick R Suter, Laszlo Szilagyi, Sanjay Talbar, DaCheng Tao, Zhongzhao Teng, Siddhesh Thakur, Meenakshi H Thakur, Sameer Tharakan, Pallavi Tiwari, Guillaume Tochon, Tuan Tran, Yuhsiang M. Tsai, Kuan-Lun Tseng, Tran Anh Tuan, Vadim Turlapov, Nicholas Tustison, Maria Vakalopoulou, Sergi Valverde, Rami Vanguri, Evgeny Vasiliev, Jonathan Ventura, Luis Vera, Tom Vercauteren, C. A. Verrastro, Lasitha Vidyaratne, Veronica Vilaplana, Ajeet Vivekanandan, Qian Wang, Chiatse J. Wang, Wei-Chung Wang, Duo Wang, Ruixuan Wang, Yuanyuan Wang, Chunliang Wang, Guotai Wang, Ning Wen, Xin Wen, Leon Weninger, Wolfgang Wick, Shaocheng Wu, Qiang Wu, Yihong Wu, Yong Xia, Yanwu Xu, Xiaowen Xu, Peiyuan Xu, Tsai-Ling Yang, Xiaoping Yang, Hao-Yu Yang, Junlin Yang, Haojin Yang, Guang Yang, Hongdou Yao, Xujiong Ye, Changchang Yin, Brett Young-Moxon, Jinhua Yu, Xiangyu Yue, Songtao Zhang, Angela Zhang, Kun Zhang, Xue-jie Zhang, Lichi Zhang, Xiaoyue Zhang, Yazhuo Zhang, Lei Zhang, Jian-Guo Zhang, Xiang Zhang, Tianhao Zhang, Sicheng Zhao, Yu Zhao, Xiaomei Zhao, Liang Zhao, Yefeng Zheng, Liming Zhong, Chenhong Zhou, Xiaobing Zhou, Fan Zhou, Hongtu Zhu, Jin Zhu, Ying Zhuge, Weiwei Zong, Jayashree Kalpathy-Cramer, Keyvan Farahani, Christos Davatzikos, Koen van Leemput, Bjoern Menze
This study assesses the state-of-the-art machine learning (ML) methods used for brain tumor image analysis in mpMRI scans, during the last seven instances of the International Brain Tumor Segmentation (BraTS) challenge, i. e., 2012-2018.
Generative adversarial networks (GANs) and other adversarial methods are based on a game-theoretical perspective on joint optimization of two neural networks as players in a game.
no code implementations • 8 Jun 2018 • Amir Alansary, Loic Le Folgoc, Ghislain Vaillant, Ozan Oktay, Yuanwei Li, Wenjia Bai, Jonathan Passerat-Palmbach, Ricardo Guerrero, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Benjamin Hou, Steven McDonagh, Ben Glocker, Bernhard Kainz, Daniel Rueckert
Navigating through target anatomy to find the required view plane is tedious and operator-dependent.
We present a novel cost function for semi-supervised learning of neural networks that encourages compact clustering of the latent space to facilitate separation.
The variations in multi-center data in medical imaging studies have brought the necessity of domain adaptation.
We propose the autofocus convolutional layer for semantic segmentation with the objective of enhancing the capabilities of neural networks for multi-scale processing.
Ranked #5 on Brain Tumor Segmentation on BRATS-2015
no code implementations • 4 Nov 2017 • Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Wenjia Bai, Enzo Ferrante, Steven McDonagh, Matthew Sinclair, Nick Pawlowski, Martin Rajchl, Matthew Lee, Bernhard Kainz, Daniel Rueckert, Ben Glocker
Deep learning approaches such as convolutional neural nets have consistently outperformed previous methods on challenging tasks such as dense, semantic segmentation.
no code implementations • 22 May 2017 • Ozan Oktay, Enzo Ferrante, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Mattias Heinrich, Wenjia Bai, Jose Caballero, Stuart Cook, Antonio de Marvao, Timothy Dawes, Declan O'Regan, Bernhard Kainz, Ben Glocker, Daniel Rueckert
However, in most recent and promising techniques such as CNN based segmentation it is not obvious how to incorporate such prior knowledge.
Fast imaging is required for targets that move to avoid motion artefacts.
In RCA we take the predicted segmentation from a new image to train a reverse classifier which is evaluated on a set of reference images with available ground truth.
no code implementations • 28 Dec 2016 • Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Christian Baumgartner, Christian Ledig, Virginia F. J. Newcombe, Joanna P. Simpson, Andrew D. Kane, David K. Menon, Aditya Nori, Antonio Criminisi, Daniel Rueckert, Ben Glocker
In this work we investigate unsupervised domain adaptation using adversarial neural networks to train a segmentation method which is more invariant to differences in the input data, and which does not require any annotations on the test domain.
In this paper, we propose a novel method based on convolutional neural networks which can automatically detect 13 fetal standard views in freehand 2D ultrasound data as well as provide a localisation of the fetal structures via a bounding box.
no code implementations • 25 May 2016 • Martin Rajchl, Matthew C. H. Lee, Ozan Oktay, Konstantinos Kamnitsas, Jonathan Passerat-Palmbach, Wenjia Bai, Mellisa Damodaram, Mary A. Rutherford, Joseph V. Hajnal, Bernhard Kainz, Daniel Rueckert
In this paper, we propose DeepCut, a method to obtain pixelwise object segmentations given an image dataset labelled with bounding box annotations.
We propose a dual pathway, 11-layers deep, three-dimensional Convolutional Neural Network for the challenging task of brain lesion segmentation.
Ranked #1 on Lesion Segmentation on ISLES-2015