However, the ideal type of data to contextualize pre-trained language model and improve the performance in automatically scoring student written responses remains unclear.
However, there is a paucity of demonstrated best practice and general guidance on mitigation of spatial nonstationarity with deep learning in the geospatial context.
To this end, we propose a parameter-efficient transformer to explore intrinsic inductive bias via position information for medical image segmentation.
By designing a series of signal processing algorithms bespoke for dynamic vision sensing on mobile devices, EV-Tach is able to extract the rotational speed accurately from the event stream produced by dynamic vision sensing on rotary targets.
However, due to the increase in planning dimension and the intensification of system dynamics coupling, the motion planning of dual-arm free-floating space robots remains an open challenge.
Under the assumptions that the state evolution for joint OAMP and FEC decoding is correct and the replica method is reliable, we analyze the achievable rate of OAMP.
One of the common data pre-processing operations implemented in AutoML systems is to encode categorical features as numerical features.
Ranked #1 on AutoML on OrdinalDataset
Based on virtual network architecture and deep reinforcement learning (DRL), we model SAGIN's heterogeneous resource orchestration as a multi-domain virtual network embedding (VNE) problem, and propose a SAGIN cross-domain VNE algorithm.
Simulation experiments verified that the dynamic VNE algorithm based on RL and GCNN has good basic VNE characteristics.
RGBT tracking usually suffers from various challenging factors of fast motion, scale variation, illumination variation, thermal crossover and occlusion, to name a few.
The industry practice for night video surveillance is to use auxiliary near-infrared (NIR) LED diodes, usually centered at 850nm or 940nm, for scene illumination.
As an example, we construct a sufficient statistic Bayes-optimal MAMP (SS-BO-MAMP) whose state evolution converges to the minimum (i. e., Bayes-optimal) mean square error (MSE) predicted by replica methods.
To promote the research and development of cross-modal object tracking, we propose a new algorithm, which learns the modality-aware target representation to mitigate the appearance gap between RGB and NIR modalities in the tracking process.
First, OSCrowd integrates crowd theme related datasets into a large source domain to facilitate partial transfer learning to approximate the label space inference of these tasks.
Cross-modal hashing (CMH) is one of the most promising methods in cross-modal approximate nearest neighbor search.
Multi-Instance Multi-Label learning (MIML) models complex objects (bags), each of which is associated with a set of interrelated labels and composed with a set of instances.
Code retrieval is allowing software engineers to search codes through a natural language query, which relies on both natural language processing and software engineering techniques.
In the Chinese medical insurance industry, the assessor's role is essential and requires significant efforts to converse with the claimant.
Knowledge bases (KBs) and text often contain complementary knowledge: KBs store structured knowledge that can support long range reasoning, while text stores more comprehensive and timely knowledge in an unstructured way.
Partial-label learning (PLL) generally focuses on inducing a noise-tolerant multi-class classifier by training on overly-annotated samples, each of which is annotated with a set of labels, but only one is the valid label.
Moreover, we evaluate our proposed model on the live streaming data and find that our proposed system can be used for real-time anomaly detection in the industrial setup.
The training of deep neural networks (DNNs) is usually memory-hungry due to the limited device memory capacity of DNN accelerators.
In this paper, we propose a scheme that utilizes the optimization ability of artificial intelligence (AI) for optimal transceiver-joint equalization in compensating for the optical filtering impairments caused by wavelength selective switches (WSS).
This work provides a new strategy to design novel ILs for high efficiency electrochemical reduction of CO2 to CO.
Spatial distribution function (SDF) results show that toluene formed a continuum solvation shell, which hinders the interactions of (tBu)3P and B(C6F5)3 , while [Cnmim][NTf2] leave a relatively large empty space, which is accessible by (tBu3)P molecules, resulting in a higher probability of Lewis acids and bases interactions.
In this paper, an LSTM-aided hybrid random access scheme (LSTMH-RA) is proposed to support diverse quality of service (QoS) requirements in 6G machine-type communication (MTC) networks, where massive MTC (mMTC) devices and ultra-reliable low latency communications (URLLC) devices coexist.
We discover two distinct topological pathways through which the pentagonal Cairo tiling (P5), a structural model for single-layer $AB_2$ pyrite materials, respectively transforms into a crystalline rhombus-hexagon (C46) tiling and random rhombus-pentagon-hexagon (R456) tilings, by continuously introducing the Stone-Wales (SW) topological defects.
Soft Condensed Matter Disordered Systems and Neural Networks Materials Science
The dynamics of polymer-nanoparticle (NP) mixtures, which involves multiple scales and system-specific variables, has posed a long-standing challenge on its theoretical description.
Soft Condensed Matter
The increasing computational cost of deep neural network models limits the applicability of intelligent applications on resource-constrained edge devices.
Ultrasound (US) is a non-invasive yet effective medical diagnostic imaging technique for the COVID-19 global pandemic.
RGB and thermal source data suffer from both shared and specific challenges, and how to explore and exploit them plays a critical role to represent the target appearance in RGBT tracking.
To further prove the generalization property of the proposed method, we applied the trained model on the DRIONS-DB dataset for OD segmentation and on the MESSIDOR dataset for exudate segmentation.
To alleviate such a problem, we present an active hard sample mining framework via training an effective re-ID model with the least labeling efforts.
Therefore we present a novel optic-physical method to discriminate splicing edges from natural edges in a tampered image.
Accelerating deep convolutional neural networks has become an active topic and sparked an interest in academia and industry.
For this purpose, a classifier evaluates the density level of the input features and then passes them to the corresponding high and low crowded DAD modules.
More importantly, we observe that there are "resource cliffs" in the scheduling exploration space.
Sparse model is widely used in hyperspectral image classification. However, different of sparsity and regularization parameters has great influence on the classification results. In this paper, a novel adaptive sparse deep network based on deep architecture is proposed, which can construct the optimal sparse representation and regularization parameters by deep network. Firstly, a data flow graph is designed to represent each update iteration based on Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers (ADMM) algorithm. Forward network and Back-Propagation network are deduced. All parameters are updated by gradient descent in Back-Propagation. Then we proposed an Adaptive Sparse Deep Network. Comparing with several traditional classifiers or other algorithm for sparse model, experiment results indicate that our method achieves great improvement in HSI classification.
Counting people or objects with significantly varying scales and densities has attracted much interest from the research community and yet it remains an open problem.
Background subtraction is a significant component of computer vision systems.
By analyzing the characteristics of layers in DNNs, an auto-tuning neural network quantization framework for collaborative inference is proposed.
The combination of cross spectrum based detection and the localization proposed in this work then provide a thorough solution for searching single pulse in VLBI observation.
Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics
To address these issues, we study the problem of syntax-aware sequence generation with GANs, in which a collection of real sequences and a set of pre-defined grammatical rules are given to both discriminator and generator.
The existing methods are not robust to angle varies of the objects because of the use of traditional bounding box, which is a rotation variant structure for locating rotated objects.
Assessing heterogeneous treatment effects has become a growing interest in advancing precision medicine.
Based on their formation mechanisms, Dirac points in three-dimensional systems can be classified as accidental or essential.