The insertion of deep learning in medical image analysis had lead to the development of state-of-the art strategies in several applications such a disease classification, as well as abnormality detection and segmentation.
In this setting, we observed a fitting phase for all layers and a compression phase for the output layer in all experiments; the compression in the hidden layers was dependent on the type of activation function.
Learning temporal patterns from multivariate longitudinal data is challenging especially in cases when data is sporadic, as often seen in, e. g., healthcare applications where the data can suffer from irregularity and asynchronicity as the time between consecutive data points can vary across features and samples, hindering the application of existing deep learning models that are constructed for complete, evenly spaced data with fixed sequence lengths.
Multimodal generative models should be able to learn a meaningful latent representation that enables a coherent joint generation of all modalities (e. g., images and text).
Pulmonary opacification is the inflammation in the lungs caused by many respiratory ailments, including the novel corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
4 code implementations • 9 Feb 2020 • Razvan V. Marinescu, Neil P. Oxtoby, Alexandra L. Young, Esther E. Bron, Arthur W. Toga, Michael W. Weiner, Frederik Barkhof, Nick C. Fox, Arman Eshaghi, Tina Toni, Marcin Salaterski, Veronika Lunina, Manon Ansart, Stanley Durrleman, Pascal Lu, Samuel Iddi, Dan Li, Wesley K. Thompson, Michael C. Donohue, Aviv Nahon, Yarden Levy, Dan Halbersberg, Mariya Cohen, Huiling Liao, Tengfei Li, Kaixian Yu, Hongtu Zhu, Jose G. Tamez-Pena, Aya Ismail, Timothy Wood, Hector Corrada Bravo, Minh Nguyen, Nanbo Sun, Jiashi Feng, B. T. Thomas Yeo, Gang Chen, Ke Qi, Shiyang Chen, Deqiang Qiu, Ionut Buciuman, Alex Kelner, Raluca Pop, Denisa Rimocea, Mostafa M. Ghazi, Mads Nielsen, Sebastien Ourselin, Lauge Sorensen, Vikram Venkatraghavan, Keli Liu, Christina Rabe, Paul Manser, Steven M. Hill, James Howlett, Zhiyue Huang, Steven Kiddle, Sach Mukherjee, Anais Rouanet, Bernd Taschler, Brian D. M. Tom, Simon R. White, Noel Faux, Suman Sedai, Javier de Velasco Oriol, Edgar E. V. Clemente, Karol Estrada, Leon Aksman, Andre Altmann, Cynthia M. Stonnington, Yalin Wang, Jianfeng Wu, Vivek Devadas, Clementine Fourrier, Lars Lau Raket, Aristeidis Sotiras, Guray Erus, Jimit Doshi, Christos Davatzikos, Jacob Vogel, Andrew Doyle, Angela Tam, Alex Diaz-Papkovich, Emmanuel Jammeh, Igor Koval, Paul Moore, Terry J. Lyons, John Gallacher, Jussi Tohka, Robert Ciszek, Bruno Jedynak, Kruti Pandya, Murat Bilgel, William Engels, Joseph Cole, Polina Golland, Stefan Klein, Daniel C. Alexander
TADPOLE's unique results suggest that current prediction algorithms provide sufficient accuracy to exploit biomarkers related to clinical diagnosis and ventricle volume, for cohort refinement in clinical trials for Alzheimer's disease.
Weight initialization is important for faster convergence and stability of deep neural networks training.
As a result, their performance is significantly lower on data from unseen sources compared to the performance on data from the same source as the training data.
no code implementations • 16 Aug 2019 • Mauricio Orbes-Arteaga, Thomas Varsavsky, Carole H. Sudre, Zach Eaton-Rosen, Lewis J. Haddow, Lauge Sørensen, Mads Nielsen, Akshay Pai, Sébastien Ourselin, Marc Modat, Parashkev Nachev, M. Jorge Cardoso
Inspired by recent work in semi-supervised learning we introduce a novel method to adapt from one source domain to $n$ target domains (as long as there is paired data covering all domains).
Different M-estimators and logistic functions, including a novel type proposed in this study, called modified Stannard, are evaluated on the data from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) for robust modeling of volumetric MRI and PET biomarkers, CSF measurements, as well as cognitive tests.
The proposed LSTM algorithm is applied to model the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD) using six volumetric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) biomarkers, i. e., volumes of ventricles, hippocampus, whole brain, fusiform, middle temporal gyrus, and entorhinal cortex, and it is compared to standard LSTM networks with data imputation and a parametric, regression-based DPM method.
For proper generalization performance of convolutional neural networks (CNNs) in medical image segmentation, the learnt features should be invariant under particular non-linear shape variations of the input.
Using standard maximum a posteriori to variational formulation rationale, we derive generic minimum energy formulations for the estimation of a reconstructed sequence as well as motion recovery.
Segmenting vascular pathologies such as white matter lesions in Brain magnetic resonance images (MRIs) require acquisition of multiple sequences such as T1-weighted (T1-w) --on which lesions appear hypointense-- and fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) sequence --where lesions appear hyperintense--.
This paper shows that built-in handling of missing values in LSTM network training paves the way for application of RNNs in disease progression modeling.
Template estimation plays a crucial role in computational anatomy since it provides reference frames for performing statistical analysis of the underlying anatomical population variability.
We compare a set of convolutional neural network (CNN) architectures for the task of segmenting and detecting human sperm cells in an image taken from a semen sample.
In fields ranging from computer vision to signal processing and statistics, increasing computational power allows a move from classical linear models to models that incorporate non-linear phenomena.