Search Results for author: Matthew P. Lungren

Found 21 papers, 12 papers with code

RadFusion: Benchmarking Performance and Fairness for Multimodal Pulmonary Embolism Detection from CT and EHR

no code implementations23 Nov 2021 Yuyin Zhou, Shih-Cheng Huang, Jason Alan Fries, Alaa Youssef, Timothy J. Amrhein, Marcello Chang, Imon Banerjee, Daniel Rubin, Lei Xing, Nigam Shah, Matthew P. Lungren

Despite the routine use of electronic health record (EHR) data by radiologists to contextualize clinical history and inform image interpretation, the majority of deep learning architectures for medical imaging are unimodal, i. e., they only learn features from pixel-level information.

Computed Tomography (CT) Fairness +1

RapidRead: Global Deployment of State-of-the-art Radiology AI for a Large Veterinary Teleradiology Practice

no code implementations9 Nov 2021 Michael Fitzke, Conrad Stack, Andre Dourson, Rodrigo M. B. Santana, Diane Wilson, Lisa Ziemer, Arjun Soin, Matthew P. Lungren, Paul Fisher, Mark Parkinson

This work describes the development and real-world deployment of a deep learning-based AI system for evaluating canine and feline radiographs across a broad range of findings and abnormalities.

fastMRI+: Clinical Pathology Annotations for Knee and Brain Fully Sampled Multi-Coil MRI Data

1 code implementation8 Sep 2021 Ruiyang Zhao, Burhaneddin Yaman, Yuxin Zhang, Russell Stewart, Austin Dixon, Florian Knoll, Zhengnan Huang, Yvonne W. Lui, Michael S. Hansen, Matthew P. Lungren

Improving speed and image quality of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) via novel reconstruction approaches remains one of the highest impact applications for deep learning in medical imaging.

MRI Reconstruction

RadGraph: Extracting Clinical Entities and Relations from Radiology Reports

no code implementations28 Jun 2021 Saahil Jain, Ashwin Agrawal, Adriel Saporta, Steven QH Truong, Du Nguyen Duong, Tan Bui, Pierre Chambon, Yuhao Zhang, Matthew P. Lungren, Andrew Y. Ng, Curtis P. Langlotz, Pranav Rajpurkar

We release a development dataset, which contains board-certified radiologist annotations for 500 radiology reports from the MIMIC-CXR dataset (14, 579 entities and 10, 889 relations), and a test dataset, which contains two independent sets of board-certified radiologist annotations for 100 radiology reports split equally across the MIMIC-CXR and CheXpert datasets.

Relation Extraction

High-Throughput Precision Phenotyping of Left Ventricular Hypertrophy with Cardiovascular Deep Learning

1 code implementation23 Jun 2021 Grant Duffy, Paul P Cheng, Neal Yuan, Bryan He, Alan C. Kwan, Matthew J. Shun-Shin, Kevin M. Alexander, Joseph Ebinger, Matthew P. Lungren, Florian Rader, David H. Liang, Ingela Schnittger, Euan A. Ashley, James Y. Zou, Jignesh Patel, Ronald Witteles, Susan Cheng, David Ouyang

Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) results from chronic remodeling caused by a broad range of systemic and cardiovascular disease including hypertension, aortic stenosis, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and cardiac amyloidosis.

Structured dataset documentation: a datasheet for CheXpert

1 code implementation7 May 2021 Christian Garbin, Pranav Rajpurkar, Jeremy Irvin, Matthew P. Lungren, Oge Marques

Following the structured format of Datasheets for Datasets, this paper expands on the original CheXpert paper and other sources to show the critical role played by radiologists in the creation of reliable labels and to describe the different aspects of the dataset composition in detail.

VisualCheXbert: Addressing the Discrepancy Between Radiology Report Labels and Image Labels

1 code implementation23 Feb 2021 Saahil Jain, Akshay Smit, Steven QH Truong, Chanh DT Nguyen, Minh-Thanh Huynh, Mudit Jain, Victoria A. Young, Andrew Y. Ng, Matthew P. Lungren, Pranav Rajpurkar

We also find that VisualCheXbert better agrees with radiologists labeling chest X-ray images than do radiologists labeling the corresponding radiology reports by an average F1 score across several medical conditions of between 0. 12 (95% CI 0. 09, 0. 15) and 0. 21 (95% CI 0. 18, 0. 24).

Gifsplanation via Latent Shift: A Simple Autoencoder Approach to Counterfactual Generation for Chest X-rays

1 code implementation18 Feb 2021 Joseph Paul Cohen, Rupert Brooks, Sovann En, Evan Zucker, Anuj Pareek, Matthew P. Lungren, Akshay Chaudhari

We also found that the Latent Shift explanation allows a user to have more confidence in true positive predictions compared to traditional approaches (0. 15$\pm$0. 95 in a 5 point scale with p=0. 01) with only a small increase in false positive predictions (0. 04$\pm$1. 06 with p=0. 57).

CheXternal: Generalization of Deep Learning Models for Chest X-ray Interpretation to Photos of Chest X-rays and External Clinical Settings

no code implementations17 Feb 2021 Pranav Rajpurkar, Anirudh Joshi, Anuj Pareek, Andrew Y. Ng, Matthew P. Lungren

Recent advances in training deep learning models have demonstrated the potential to provide accurate chest X-ray interpretation and increase access to radiology expertise.

Assessing Robustness to Noise: Low-Cost Head CT Triage

no code implementations17 Mar 2020 Sarah M. Hooper, Jared A. Dunnmon, Matthew P. Lungren, Sanjiv Sam Gambhir, Christopher Ré, Adam S. Wang, Bhavik N. Patel

We then show that the trained model is robust to reduced tube current and fewer projections, with the AUROC dropping only 0. 65% for images acquired with a 16x reduction in tube current and 0. 22% for images acquired with 8x fewer projections.

Computed Tomography (CT) Image Classification

CheXpedition: Investigating Generalization Challenges for Translation of Chest X-Ray Algorithms to the Clinical Setting

no code implementations26 Feb 2020 Pranav Rajpurkar, Anirudh Joshi, Anuj Pareek, Phil Chen, Amirhossein Kiani, Jeremy Irvin, Andrew Y. Ng, Matthew P. Lungren

First, we find that the top 10 chest x-ray models on the CheXpert competition achieve an average AUC of 0. 851 on the task of detecting TB on two public TB datasets without fine-tuning or including the TB labels in training data.

Translation

MIMIC-CXR-JPG, a large publicly available database of labeled chest radiographs

no code implementations21 Jan 2019 Alistair E. W. Johnson, Tom J. Pollard, Nathaniel R. Greenbaum, Matthew P. Lungren, Chih-ying Deng, Yifan Peng, Zhiyong Lu, Roger G. Mark, Seth J. Berkowitz, Steven Horng

Chest radiography is an extremely powerful imaging modality, allowing for a detailed inspection of a patient's thorax, but requiring specialized training for proper interpretation.

MURA: Large Dataset for Abnormality Detection in Musculoskeletal Radiographs

11 code implementations11 Dec 2017 Pranav Rajpurkar, Jeremy Irvin, Aarti Bagul, Daisy Ding, Tony Duan, Hershel Mehta, Brandon Yang, Kaylie Zhu, Dillon Laird, Robyn L. Ball, Curtis Langlotz, Katie Shpanskaya, Matthew P. Lungren, Andrew Y. Ng

To evaluate models robustly and to get an estimate of radiologist performance, we collect additional labels from six board-certified Stanford radiologists on the test set, consisting of 207 musculoskeletal studies.

Anomaly Detection

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