Since the Gaussian free energy is known to be a certainty-equivalent sensitive to the mean and the variance, the learning rule has applications in risk-sensitive decision-making.
no code implementations • 20 Oct 2021 • Pedro A. Ortega, Markus Kunesch, Grégoire Delétang, Tim Genewein, Jordi Grau-Moya, Joel Veness, Jonas Buchli, Jonas Degrave, Bilal Piot, Julien Perolat, Tom Everitt, Corentin Tallec, Emilio Parisotto, Tom Erez, Yutian Chen, Scott Reed, Marcus Hutter, Nando de Freitas, Shane Legg
The recent phenomenal success of language models has reinvigorated machine learning research, and large sequence models such as transformers are being applied to a variety of domains.
As machine learning systems become more powerful they also become increasingly unpredictable and opaque.
Memory-based meta-learning is a powerful technique to build agents that adapt fast to any task within a target distribution.
While the narrow objectives correspond to domain-specific rewards as typical in reinforcement learning, the general objectives maximize information with the environment through latent variable models of input sequences.
This includes proposals to learn the learning algorithm itself, an idea also known as meta learning.
no code implementations • 8 May 2019 • Pedro A. Ortega, Jane. X. Wang, Mark Rowland, Tim Genewein, Zeb Kurth-Nelson, Razvan Pascanu, Nicolas Heess, Joel Veness, Alex Pritzel, Pablo Sprechmann, Siddhant M. Jayakumar, Tom McGrath, Kevin Miller, Mohammad Azar, Ian Osband, Neil Rabinowitz, András György, Silvia Chiappa, Simon Osindero, Yee Whye Teh, Hado van Hasselt, Nando de Freitas, Matthew Botvinick, Shane Legg
In this report we review memory-based meta-learning as a tool for building sample-efficient strategies that learn from past experience to adapt to any task within a target class.
Therefore, we also employ influence to train agents to use an explicit communication channel, and find that it leads to more effective communication and higher collective reward.
Modeling the agent-environment interaction using causal influence diagrams, we can answer two fundamental questions about an agent's incentives directly from the graph: (1) which nodes can the agent have an incentivize to observe, and (2) which nodes can the agent have an incentivize to control?
We propose a unified mechanism for achieving coordination and communication in Multi-Agent Reinforcement Learning (MARL), through rewarding agents for having causal influence over other agents' actions.
We present a suite of reinforcement learning environments illustrating various safety properties of intelligent agents.
Subjective expected utility theory assumes that decision-makers possess unlimited computational resources to reason about their choices; however, virtually all decisions in everyday life are made under resource constraints - i. e. decision-makers are bounded in their rationality.
There is a consensus that human and non-human subjects experience temporal distortions in many stages of their perceptual and decision-making systems.
Bounded rationality, that is, decision-making and planning under resource limitations, is widely regarded as an important open problem in artificial intelligence, reinforcement learning, computational neuroscience and economics.
This paper introduces a new probabilistic model for online learning which dynamically incorporates information from stochastic gradients of an arbitrary loss function.
Here, we show that a single-agent free energy optimization is equivalent to a game between the agent and an imaginary adversary.