This paper presents our approach to multi-class text categorization of tweets mentioning prescription medications as being indicative of potential abuse/misuse (A), consumption/non-abuse (C), mention-only (M), or an unrelated reference (U) using natural language processing techniques.
We found ECG-based assessment outperforms the ADA Risk test, achieving a higher area under the curve (0. 80 vs. 0. 68) and positive predictive value (14% vs. 9%) -- 2. 6 times the prevalence of diabetes in the cohort.
While the need for interpretable machine learning has been established, many common approaches are slow, lack fidelity, or hard to evaluate.
1 code implementation • 13 Jan 2021 • Anuroop Sriram, Matthew Muckley, Koustuv Sinha, Farah Shamout, Joelle Pineau, Krzysztof J. Geras, Lea Azour, Yindalon Aphinyanaphongs, Nafissa Yakubova, William Moore
The first is deterioration prediction from a single image, where our model achieves an area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0. 742 for predicting an adverse event within 96 hours (compared to 0. 703 with supervised pretraining) and an AUC of 0. 765 for predicting oxygen requirements greater than 6 L a day at 24 hours (compared to 0. 749 with supervised pretraining).
1 code implementation • 4 Aug 2020 • Farah E. Shamout, Yiqiu Shen, Nan Wu, Aakash Kaku, Jungkyu Park, Taro Makino, Stanisław Jastrzębski, Duo Wang, Ben Zhang, Siddhant Dogra, Meng Cao, Narges Razavian, David Kudlowitz, Lea Azour, William Moore, Yvonne W. Lui, Yindalon Aphinyanaphongs, Carlos Fernandez-Granda, Krzysztof J. Geras
In order to verify performance in a real clinical setting, we silently deployed a preliminary version of the deep neural network at New York University Langone Health during the first wave of the pandemic, which produced accurate predictions in real-time.
To further establish the generalizability of its medication extraction performance, a set of random internal clinical text notes from NYU Langone Medical Center were also included in this work.
Conventional text classification models make a bag-of-words assumption reducing text into word occurrence counts per document.
Human-in-the-loop data analysis applications necessitate greater transparency in machine learning models for experts to understand and trust their decisions.