Collaborative filtering is a recommendation system that uses user's past behaviour (items previously purchased or selected and/or numerical ratings given to those items) as well as similar decisions made by other users. This model is then used to predict items (or ratings for items) that the user may have an interest in.
( Image credit: Neural Collaborative Filtering )
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In this work, we propose mixed dimension embedding layers in which the dimension of a particular embedding vector can depend on the frequency of the item.
Our model is based on deep autoencoder with 6 layers and is trained end-to-end without any layer-wise pre-training.
Numerical evaluations with comparisons to baselines play a central role when judging research in recommender systems.
When it comes to model the key factor in collaborative filtering -- the interaction between user and item features, they still resorted to matrix factorization and applied an inner product on the latent features of users and items.
RNNs have been shown to be excellent models for sequential data and in particular for data that is generated by users in an session-based manner.
To address the sparsity and cold start problem of collaborative filtering, researchers usually make use of side information, such as social networks or item attributes, to improve recommendation performance.
This non-linear probabilistic model enables us to go beyond the limited modeling capacity of linear factor models which still largely dominate collaborative filtering research. We introduce a generative model with multinomial likelihood and use Bayesian inference for parameter estimation.
#2 best model for Collaborative Filtering on MovieLens 20M
We show that collaborative filtering can be viewed as a sequence prediction problem, and that given this interpretation, recurrent neural networks offer very competitive approach.