Accurate and Fast reconstruction of Porous Media from Extremely Limited Information Using Conditional Generative Adversarial Network

4 Apr 2019  ·  Junxi Feng, Xiaohai He, Qizhi Teng, Chao Ren, Honggang Chen, Yang Li ·

Porous media are ubiquitous in both nature and engineering applications, thus their modelling and understanding is of vital importance. In contrast to direct acquisition of three-dimensional (3D) images of such medium, obtaining its sub-region (s) like two-dimensional (2D) images or several small areas could be much feasible. Therefore, reconstructing whole images from the limited information is a primary technique in such cases. Specially, in practice the given data cannot generally be determined by users and may be incomplete or partially informed, thus making existing reconstruction methods inaccurate or even ineffective. To overcome this shortcoming, in this study we proposed a deep learning-based framework for reconstructing full image from its much smaller sub-area(s). Particularly, conditional generative adversarial network (CGAN) is utilized to learn the mapping between input (partial image) and output (full image). To preserve the reconstruction accuracy, two simple but effective objective functions are proposed and then coupled with the other two functions to jointly constrain the training procedure. Due to the inherent essence of this ill-posed problem, a Gaussian noise is introduced for producing reconstruction diversity, thus allowing for providing multiple candidate outputs. Extensively tested on a variety of porous materials and demonstrated by both visual inspection and quantitative comparison, the method is shown to be accurate, stable yet fast ($\sim0.08s$ for a $128 \times 128$ image reconstruction). We highlight that the proposed approach can be readily extended, such as incorporating any user-define conditional data and an arbitrary number of object functions into reconstruction, and being coupled with other reconstruction methods.

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