3D Meta-Registration: Learning to Learn Registration of 3D Point Clouds

22 Oct 2020  ·  Lingjing Wang, Yu Hao, Xiang Li, Yi Fang ·

Deep learning-based point cloud registration models are often generalized from extensive training over a large volume of data to learn the ability to predict the desired geometric transformation to register 3D point clouds. In this paper, we propose a meta-learning based 3D registration model, named 3D Meta-Registration, that is capable of rapidly adapting and well generalizing to new 3D registration tasks for unseen 3D point clouds. Our 3D Meta-Registration gains a competitive advantage by training over a variety of 3D registration tasks, which leads to an optimized model for the best performance on the distribution of registration tasks including potentially unseen tasks. Specifically, the proposed 3D Meta-Registration model consists of two modules: 3D registration learner and 3D registration meta-learner. During the training, the 3D registration learner is trained to complete a specific registration task aiming to determine the desired geometric transformation that aligns the source point cloud with the target one. In the meantime, the 3D registration meta-learner is trained to provide the optimal parameters to update the 3D registration learner based on the learned task distribution. After training, the 3D registration meta-learner, which is learned with the optimized coverage of distribution of 3D registration tasks, is able to dynamically update 3D registration learners with desired parameters to rapidly adapt to new registration tasks. We tested our model on synthesized dataset ModelNet and FlyingThings3D, as well as real-world dataset KITTI. Experimental results demonstrate that 3D Meta-Registration achieves superior performance over other previous techniques (e.g. FlowNet3D).

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