A persistent homology approach to heart rate variability analysis with an application to sleep-wake classification

9 Aug 2019  ·  Yu-Min Chung, Chuan-Shen Hu, Yu-Lun Lo, Hau-Tieng Wu ·

Persistent homology (PH) is a recently developed theory in the field of algebraic topology to study shapes of datasets. It is an effective data analysis tool that is robust to noise and has been widely applied. We demonstrate a general pipeline to apply PH to study time series; particularly the instantaneous heart rate time series for the heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. The first step is capturing the shapes of time series from two different aspects -- {the PH's and hence persistence diagrams of its} sub-level set and Taken's lag map. Second, we propose a systematic {and computationally efficient} approach to summarize persistence diagrams, which we coined {\em persistence statistics}. To demonstrate our proposed method, we apply these tools to the HRV analysis and the sleep-wake, REM-NREM (rapid eyeball movement and non rapid eyeball movement) and sleep-REM-NREM classification problems. The proposed algorithm is evaluated on three different datasets via the cross-database validation scheme. The performance of our approach is better than the state-of-the-art algorithms, and the result is consistent throughout different datasets.

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