A Survey on Surrogate Approaches to Non-negative Matrix Factorization

6 Aug 2018Pascal FernselPeter Maass

Motivated by applications in hyperspectral imaging we investigate methods for approximating a high-dimensional non-negative matrix $\mathbf{\mathit{Y}}$ by a product of two lower-dimensional, non-negative matrices $\mathbf{\mathit{K}}$ and $\mathbf{\mathit{X}}.$ This so-called non-negative matrix factorization is based on defining suitable Tikhonov functionals, which combine a discrepancy measure for $\mathbf{\mathit{Y}}\approx\mathbf{\mathit{KX}}$ with penalty terms for enforcing additional properties of $\mathbf{\mathit{K}}$ and $\mathbf{\mathit{X}}$. The minimization is based on alternating minimization with respect to $\mathbf{\mathit{K}}$ or $\mathbf{\mathit{X}}$, where in each iteration step one replaces the original Tikhonov functional by a locally defined surrogate functional... (read more)

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