ALIME: Autoencoder Based Approach for Local Interpretability

4 Sep 2019  ·  Sharath M. Shankaranarayana, Davor Runje ·

Machine learning and especially deep learning have garneredtremendous popularity in recent years due to their increased performanceover other methods. The availability of large amount of data has aidedin the progress of deep learning. Nevertheless, deep learning models areopaque and often seen as black boxes. Thus, there is an inherent need tomake the models interpretable, especially so in the medical domain. Inthis work, we propose a locally interpretable method, which is inspiredby one of the recent tools that has gained a lot of interest, called localinterpretable model-agnostic explanations (LIME). LIME generates singleinstance level explanation by artificially generating a dataset aroundthe instance (by randomly sampling and using perturbations) and thentraining a local linear interpretable model. One of the major issues inLIME is the instability in the generated explanation, which is caused dueto the randomly generated dataset. Another issue in these kind of localinterpretable models is the local fidelity. We propose novel modificationsto LIME by employing an autoencoder, which serves as a better weightingfunction for the local model. We perform extensive comparisons withdifferent datasets and show that our proposed method results in bothimproved stability, as well as local fidelity.

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