An Efficient Split Fine-tuning Framework for Edge and Cloud Collaborative Learning

30 Nov 2022  ·  Shaohuai Shi, Qing Yang, Yang Xiang, Shuhan Qi, Xuan Wang ·

To enable the pre-trained models to be fine-tuned with local data on edge devices without sharing data with the cloud, we design an efficient split fine-tuning (SFT) framework for edge and cloud collaborative learning. We propose three novel techniques in this framework. First, we propose a matrix decomposition-based method to compress the intermediate output of a neural network to reduce the communication volume between the edge device and the cloud server. Second, we eliminate particular links in the model without affecting the convergence performance in fine-tuning. Third, we implement our system atop PyTorch to allow users to easily extend their existing training scripts to enjoy the efficient edge and cloud collaborative learning. Experiments results on 9 NLP datasets show that our framework can reduce the communication traffic by 96 times with little impact on the model accuracy.

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