Assessing Graph-based Deep Learning Models for Predicting Flash Point

Flash points of organic molecules play an important role in preventing flammability hazards and large databases of measured values exist, although millions of compounds remain unmeasured. To rapidly extend existing data to new compounds many researchers have used quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) analysis to effectively predict flash points. In recent years graph-based deep learning (GBDL) has emerged as a powerful alternative method to traditional QSPR. In this paper, GBDL models were implemented in predicting flash point for the first time. We assessed the performance of two GBDL models, message-passing neural network (MPNN) and graph convolutional neural network (GCNN), by comparing methods. Our result shows that MPNN both outperforms GCNN and yields slightly worse but comparable performance with previous QSPR studies. The average R2 and Mean Absolute Error (MAE) scores of MPNN are, respectively, 2.3% lower and 2.0 K higher than previous comparable studies. To further explore GBDL models, we collected the largest flash point dataset to date, which contains 10575 unique molecules. The optimized MPNN gives a test data R2 of 0.803 and MAE of 17.8 K on the complete dataset. We also extracted 5 datasets from our integrated dataset based on molecular types (acids, organometallics, organogermaniums, organosilicons, and organotins) and explore the quality of the model in these classes.against 12 previous QSPR studies using more traditional

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