Auto-Focus Contrastive Learning for Image Manipulation Detection

20 Nov 2022  ·  Wenyan Pan, Zhili Zhou, Guangcan Liu, Teng Huang, Hongyang Yan, Q. M. Jonathan Wu ·

Generally, current image manipulation detection models are simply built on manipulation traces. However, we argue that those models achieve sub-optimal detection performance as it tends to: 1) distinguish the manipulation traces from a lot of noisy information within the entire image, and 2) ignore the trace relations among the pixels of each manipulated region and its surroundings. To overcome these limitations, we propose an Auto-Focus Contrastive Learning (AF-CL) network for image manipulation detection. It contains two main ideas, i.e., multi-scale view generation (MSVG) and trace relation modeling (TRM). Specifically, MSVG aims to generate a pair of views, each of which contains the manipulated region and its surroundings at a different scale, while TRM plays a role in modeling the trace relations among the pixels of each manipulated region and its surroundings for learning the discriminative representation. After learning the AF-CL network by minimizing the distance between the representations of corresponding views, the learned network is able to automatically focus on the manipulated region and its surroundings and sufficiently explore their trace relations for accurate manipulation detection. Extensive experiments demonstrate that, compared to the state-of-the-arts, AF-CL provides significant performance improvements, i.e., up to 2.5%, 7.5%, and 0.8% F1 score, on CAISA, NIST, and Coverage datasets, respectively.

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