Bootstrapping Semantic Segmentation with Regional Contrast

We present ReCo, a contrastive learning framework designed at a regional level to assist learning in semantic segmentation. ReCo performs semi-supervised or supervised pixel-level contrastive learning on a sparse set of hard negative pixels, with minimal additional memory footprint... ReCo is easy to implement, being built on top of off-the-shelf segmentation networks, and consistently improves performance in both semi-supervised and supervised semantic segmentation methods, achieving smoother segmentation boundaries and faster convergence. The strongest effect is in semi-supervised learning with very few labels. With ReCo, we achieve 50% mIoU in the CityScapes dataset, whilst requiring only 20 labelled images, improving by 10% relative to the previous state-of-the-art. Code is available at read more

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