Co-evolution of Functional Brain Network at Multiple Scales during Early Infancy

15 Sep 2020  ·  Xuyun Wen, Liming Hsu, Weili Lin, Han Zhang, Dinggang Shen ·

The human brains are organized into hierarchically modular networks facilitating efficient and stable information processing and supporting diverse cognitive processes during the course of development. While the remarkable reconfiguration of functional brain network has been firmly established in early life, all these studies investigated the network development from a "single-scale" perspective, which ignore the richness engendered by its hierarchical nature... To fill this gap, this paper leveraged a longitudinal infant resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging dataset from birth to 2 years of age, and proposed an advanced methodological framework to delineate the multi-scale reconfiguration of functional brain network during early development. Our proposed framework is consist of two parts. The first part developed a novel two-step multi-scale module detection method that could uncover efficient and consistent modular structure for longitudinal dataset from multiple scales in a completely data-driven manner. The second part designed a systematic approach that employed the linear mixed-effect model to four global and nodal module-related metrics to delineate scale-specific age-related changes of network organization. By applying our proposed methodological framework on the collected longitudinal infant dataset, we provided the first evidence that, in the first 2 years of life, the brain functional network is co-evolved at different scales, where each scale displays the unique reconfiguration pattern in terms of modular organization. read more

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