Code Representation Pre-training with Complements from Program Executions

4 Sep 2023  ·  Jiabo Huang, Jianyu Zhao, Yuyang Rong, Yiwen Guo, Yifeng He, Hao Chen ·

Large language models (LLMs) for natural language processing have been grafted onto programming language modeling for advancing code intelligence. Although it can be represented in the text format, code is syntactically more rigorous in order to be properly compiled or interpreted to perform a desired set of behaviors given any inputs. In this case, existing works benefit from syntactic representations to learn from code less ambiguously in the forms of abstract syntax tree, control-flow graph, etc. However, programs with the same purpose can be implemented in various ways showing different syntactic representations while the ones with similar implementations can have distinct behaviors. Though trivially demonstrated during executions, such semantics about functionality are challenging to be learned directly from code, especially in an unsupervised manner. Hence, in this paper, we propose FuzzPretrain to explore the dynamic information of programs revealed by their test cases and embed it into the feature representations of code as complements. The test cases are obtained with the assistance of a customized fuzzer and are only required during pre-training. FuzzPretrain yielded more than 6%/9% mAP improvements on code search over its counterparts trained with only source code or AST, respectively. Our extensive experimental results show the benefits of learning discriminative code representations with program executions.

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