Color-opponent mechanisms for local hue encoding in a hierarchical framework

30 Jun 2017  ·  Paria Mehrani, Andrei Mouraviev, Oscar J. Avella Gonzalez, John K. Tsotsos ·

A biologically plausible computational model for color representation is introduced. We present a mechanistic hierarchical model of neurons that not only successfully encodes local hue, but also explicitly reveals how the contributions of each visual cortical layer participating in the process can lead to a hue representation... Our proposed model benefits from studies on the visual cortex and builds a network of single-opponent and hue-selective neurons. Local hue encoding is achieved through gradually increasing nonlinearity in terms of cone inputs to single-opponent cells. We demonstrate that our model's single-opponent neurons have wide tuning curves, while the hue-selective neurons in our model V4 layer exhibit narrower tunings, resembling those in V4 of the primate visual system. Our simulation experiments suggest that neurons in V4 or later layers have the capacity of encoding unique hues. Moreover, with a few examples, we present the possibility of spanning the infinite space of physical hues by combining the hue-selective neurons in our model. read more

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