Conformers are All You Need for Visual Speech Recognition

17 Feb 2023  ·  Oscar Chang, Hank Liao, Dmitriy Serdyuk, Ankit Shah, Olivier Siohan ·

Visual speech recognition models extract visual features in a hierarchical manner. At the lower level, there is a visual front-end with a limited temporal receptive field that processes the raw pixels depicting the lips or faces. At the higher level, there is an encoder that attends to the embeddings produced by the front-end over a large temporal receptive field. Previous work has focused on improving the visual front-end of the model to extract more useful features for speech recognition. Surprisingly, our work shows that complex visual front-ends are not necessary. Instead of allocating resources to a sophisticated visual front-end, we find that a linear visual front-end paired with a larger Conformer encoder results in lower latency, more efficient memory usage, and improved WER performance. We achieve a new state-of-the-art of 12.8% WER for visual speech recognition on the TED LRS3 dataset, which rivals the performance of audio-only models from just four years ago.

PDF Abstract


  Add Datasets introduced or used in this paper

Results from the Paper

  Submit results from this paper to get state-of-the-art GitHub badges and help the community compare results to other papers.


No methods listed for this paper. Add relevant methods here