Data Efficient Direct Speech-to-Text Translation with Modality Agnostic Meta-Learning

End-to-end Speech Translation (ST) models have several advantages such as lower latency, smaller model size, and less error compounding over conventional pipelines that combine Automatic Speech Recognition (ASR) and text Machine Translation (MT) models. However, collecting large amounts of parallel data for ST task is more difficult compared to the ASR and MT tasks. Previous studies have proposed the use of transfer learning approaches to overcome the above difficulty. These approaches benefit from weakly supervised training data, such as ASR speech-to-transcript or MT text-to-text translation pairs. However, the parameters in these models are updated independently of each task, which may lead to sub-optimal solutions. In this work, we adopt a meta-learning algorithm to train a modality agnostic multi-task model that transfers knowledge from source tasks=ASR+MT to target task=ST where ST task severely lacks data. In the meta-learning phase, the parameters of the model are exposed to vast amounts of speech transcripts (e.g., English ASR) and text translations (e.g., English-German MT). During this phase, parameters are updated in such a way to understand speech, text representations, the relation between them, as well as act as a good initialization point for the target ST task. We evaluate the proposed meta-learning approach for ST tasks on English-German (En-De) and English-French (En-Fr) language pairs from the Multilingual Speech Translation Corpus (MuST-C). Our method outperforms the previous transfer learning approaches and sets new state-of-the-art results for En-De and En-Fr ST tasks by obtaining 9.18, and 11.76 BLEU point improvements, respectively.

PDF Abstract


Results from the Paper

  Submit results from this paper to get state-of-the-art GitHub badges and help the community compare results to other papers.


No methods listed for this paper. Add relevant methods here