Deep Learning for Visual Tracking: A Comprehensive Survey

2 Dec 2019  ·  Seyed Mojtaba Marvasti-Zadeh, Li Cheng, Hossein Ghanei-Yakhdan, Shohreh Kasaei ·

Visual target tracking is one of the most sought-after yet challenging research topics in computer vision. Given the ill-posed nature of the problem and its popularity in a broad range of real-world scenarios, a number of large-scale benchmark datasets have been established, on which considerable methods have been developed and demonstrated with significant progress in recent years -- predominantly by recent deep learning (DL)-based methods... This survey aims to systematically investigate the current DL-based visual tracking methods, benchmark datasets, and evaluation metrics. It also extensively evaluates and analyzes the leading visual tracking methods. First, the fundamental characteristics, primary motivations, and contributions of DL-based methods are summarized from nine key aspects of: network architecture, network exploitation, network training for visual tracking, network objective, network output, exploitation of correlation filter advantages, aerial-view tracking, long-term tracking, and online tracking. Second, popular visual tracking benchmarks and their respective properties are compared, and their evaluation metrics are summarized. Third, the state-of-the-art DL-based methods are comprehensively examined on a set of well-established benchmarks of OTB2013, OTB2015, VOT2018, LaSOT, UAV123, UAVDT, and VisDrone2019. Finally, by conducting critical analyses of these state-of-the-art trackers quantitatively and qualitatively, their pros and cons under various common scenarios are investigated. It may serve as a gentle use guide for practitioners to weigh when and under what conditions to choose which method(s). It also facilitates a discussion on ongoing issues and sheds light on promising research directions. read more

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