Diffusion Prior Regularized Iterative Reconstruction for Low-dose CT

10 Oct 2023  ·  Wenjun Xia, Yongyi Shi, Chuang Niu, Wenxiang Cong, Ge Wang ·

Computed tomography (CT) involves a patient's exposure to ionizing radiation. To reduce the radiation dose, we can either lower the X-ray photon count or down-sample projection views. However, either of the ways often compromises image quality. To address this challenge, here we introduce an iterative reconstruction algorithm regularized by a diffusion prior. Drawing on the exceptional imaging prowess of the denoising diffusion probabilistic model (DDPM), we merge it with a reconstruction procedure that prioritizes data fidelity. This fusion capitalizes on the merits of both techniques, delivering exceptional reconstruction results in an unsupervised framework. To further enhance the efficiency of the reconstruction process, we incorporate the Nesterov momentum acceleration technique. This enhancement facilitates superior diffusion sampling in fewer steps. As demonstrated in our experiments, our method offers a potential pathway to high-definition CT image reconstruction with minimized radiation.

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