Discovery of Optimal Quantum Error Correcting Codes via Reinforcement Learning

10 May 2023  ·  Vincent Paul Su, ChunJun Cao, Hong-Ye Hu, Yariv Yanay, Charles Tahan, Brian Swingle ·

The recently introduced Quantum Lego framework provides a powerful method for generating complex quantum error correcting codes (QECCs) out of simple ones. We gamify this process and unlock a new avenue for code design and discovery using reinforcement learning (RL). One benefit of RL is that we can specify \textit{arbitrary} properties of the code to be optimized. We train on two such properties, maximizing the code distance, and minimizing the probability of logical error under biased Pauli noise. For the first, we show that the trained agent identifies ways to increase code distance beyond naive concatenation, saturating the linear programming bound for CSS codes on 13 qubits. With a learning objective to minimize the logical error probability under biased Pauli noise, we find the best known CSS code at this task for $\lesssim 20$ qubits. Compared to other (locally deformed) CSS codes, including Surface, XZZX, and 2D Color codes, our $[[17,1,3]]$ code construction actually has \textit{lower} adversarial distance, yet better protects the logical information, highlighting the importance of QECC desiderata. Lastly, we comment on how this RL framework can be used in conjunction with physical quantum devices to tailor a code without explicit characterization of the noise model.

PDF Abstract


  Add Datasets introduced or used in this paper

Results from the Paper

  Submit results from this paper to get state-of-the-art GitHub badges and help the community compare results to other papers.


No methods listed for this paper. Add relevant methods here