Dispersion from Diffuse Reflectors and its Effect of Terahertz Wireless Communication Performance

1 Apr 2021  ·  Russ Messenger, Karl Strecker, Sabit Ekin, John O'Hara ·

This work investigates the temporal dispersion of a wireless terahertz communication signal caused by reflection from a rough (diffuse) surface, and its subsequent impact on symbol error rate versus data rate. Broadband measurements of diffuse reflectors using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy were used to establish and validate a scattering model that uses stochastic methods to describe the effects of surface roughness on the phase and amplitude of a reflected terahertz signal, expressed as a communication channel transfer function. The modeled channel was used to simulate a quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK)- modulated wireless communication link to determine the relationships between symbol error rate and data rate as a function of surface roughness. The simulations reveal that surface roughness from wall texturing results in group delay dispersion that limits achievable data rate with low errors. A distinct dispersion limit in surface roughness is discovered beyond which unacceptable numbers of symbol errors begin to accrue for a given data rate.

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