Dual Synchronous Generator: Inertial Current Source based Grid-Forming Solution for VSC

5 Jul 2021  ·  Huanhai Xin, Kehao Zhuang, Pengfei Hu, Yunjie Gu, Ping Ju ·

In order to improve dynamic characteristics of the power system with high-proportion renewable energy sources (RESs), it is necessary for the voltage source converter (VSC), interfaces of RESs, to provide inertial and frequency regulation. In practical applications, VSCs are better to be controlled as a current source due to its weak overcurrent capacity. According to the characteristic, a dual synchronous theory is proposed to analyze the synchronization between current sources in this paper. Based on dual synchronous idea, a dual synchronous generator (DSG) control is applied in VSC to form inertial current source. In addition, a braking control is embedded in DSG control to improve the transient stability of VSC. Finally, experimental results verify the effectiveness of the theory and the control method.

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