ExCAR: Event Graph Knowledge Enhanced Explainable Causal Reasoning

ACL 2021  ·  Li Du, Xiao Ding, Kai Xiong, Ting Liu, Bing Qin ·

Prior work infers the causation between events mainly based on the knowledge induced from the annotated causal event pairs. However, additional evidence information intermediate to the cause and effect remains unexploited. By incorporating such information, the logical law behind the causality can be unveiled, and the interpretability and stability of the causal reasoning system can be improved. To facilitate this, we present an \textbf{E}vent graph knowledge enhanced e\textbf{x}plainable \textbf{CA}usal \textbf{R}easoning framework (\textbf{ExCAR}). ExCAR first acquires additional evidence information from a large-scale causal event graph as logical rules for causal reasoning. To learn the conditional probabilistic of logical rules, we propose the Conditional Markov Neural Logic Network (CMNLN) that combines the representation learning and structure learning of logical rules in an end-to-end differentiable manner. Experimental results demonstrate that ExCAR outperforms previous state-of-the-art methods. Adversarial evaluation shows the improved stability of ExCAR over baseline systems. Human evaluation shows that ExCAR can achieve a promising explainable performance.

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