Exploring Counterfactual Alignment Loss towards Human-centered AI

3 Oct 2023  ·  Mingzhou Liu, Xinwei Sun, Ching-Wen Lee, Yu Qiao, Yizhou Wang ·

Deep neural networks have demonstrated impressive accuracy in supervised learning tasks. However, their lack of transparency makes it hard for humans to trust their results, especially in safe-critic domains such as healthcare. To address this issue, recent explanation-guided learning approaches proposed to align the gradient-based attention map to image regions annotated by human experts, thereby obtaining an intrinsically human-centered model. However, the attention map these methods are based on may fail to causally attribute the model predictions, thus compromising their validity for alignment. To address this issue, we propose a novel human-centered framework based on counterfactual generation. In particular, we utilize the counterfactual generation's ability for causal attribution to introduce a novel loss called the CounterFactual Alignment (CF-Align) loss. This loss guarantees that the features attributed by the counterfactual generation for the classifier align with the human annotations. To optimize the proposed loss that entails a counterfactual generation with an implicit function form, we leverage the implicit function theorem for backpropagation. Our method is architecture-agnostic and, therefore can be applied to any neural network. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our method on a lung cancer diagnosis dataset, showcasing faithful alignment to humans.

PDF Abstract


Results from the Paper

  Submit results from this paper to get state-of-the-art GitHub badges and help the community compare results to other papers.