Extended Tree Search for Robot Task and Motion Planning

Integrated task and motion planning (TAMP) is desirable for generalized autonomy robots but it is challenging at the same time. TAMP requires the planner to not only search in both the large symbolic task space and the high-dimension motion space but also deal with the infeasible task actions due to its intrinsic hierarchical process. We propose a novel decision-making framework for TAMP by constructing an extended decision tree for both symbolic task planning and high-dimension motion variable binding. We integrate top-k planning for generating explicitly a skeleton space where a variety of candidate skeleton plans are at disposal. Moreover, we effectively combine this skeleton space with the resultant motion variable spaces into a single extended decision space. Accordingly, we use Monte-Carlo Tree Search (MCTS) to ensure an exploration-exploitation balance at each decision node and optimize globally to produce optimal solutions. The proposed seamless combination of symbolic top-k planning with streams, with the proved optimality of MCTS, leads to a powerful planning algorithm that can handle the combinatorial complexity of long-horizon manipulation tasks. We empirically evaluate our proposed algorithm in challenging robot tasks with different domains that require multi-stage decisions and show how our method can overcome the large task space and motion space through its effective tree search compared to its most competitive baseline method.

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