FANS: Fusing ASR and NLU for on-device SLU

31 Oct 2021  ·  Martin Radfar, Athanasios Mouchtaris, Siegfried Kunzmann, Ariya Rastrow ·

Spoken language understanding (SLU) systems translate voice input commands to semantics which are encoded as an intent and pairs of slot tags and values. Most current SLU systems deploy a cascade of two neural models where the first one maps the input audio to a transcript (ASR) and the second predicts the intent and slots from the transcript (NLU). In this paper, we introduce FANS, a new end-to-end SLU model that fuses an ASR audio encoder to a multi-task NLU decoder to infer the intent, slot tags, and slot values directly from a given input audio, obviating the need for transcription. FANS consists of a shared audio encoder and three decoders, two of which are seq-to-seq decoders that predict non null slot tags and slot values in parallel and in an auto-regressive manner. FANS neural encoder and decoders architectures are flexible which allows us to leverage different combinations of LSTM, self-attention, and attenders. Our experiments show compared to the state-of-the-art end-to-end SLU models, FANS reduces ICER and IRER errors relatively by 30 % and 7 %, respectively, when tested on an in-house SLU dataset and by 0.86 % and 2 % absolute when tested on a public SLU dataset.

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Results from the Paper

Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Uses Extra
Training Data
Result Benchmark
Spoken Language Understanding Fluent Speech Commands FANS Accuracy (%) 99.0 # 13