Fast Charging of Lithium-Ion Batteries Using Deep Bayesian Optimization with Recurrent Neural Network

9 Apr 2023  ·  Benben Jiang, Yixing Wang, Zhenghua Ma, Qiugang Lu ·

Fast charging has attracted increasing attention from the battery community for electrical vehicles (EVs) to alleviate range anxiety and reduce charging time for EVs. However, inappropriate charging strategies would cause severe degradation of batteries or even hazardous accidents. To optimize fast-charging strategies under various constraints, particularly safety limits, we propose a novel deep Bayesian optimization (BO) approach that utilizes Bayesian recurrent neural network (BRNN) as the surrogate model, given its capability in handling sequential data. In addition, a combined acquisition function of expected improvement (EI) and upper confidence bound (UCB) is developed to better balance the exploitation and exploration. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is demonstrated on the PETLION, a porous electrode theory-based battery simulator. Our method is also compared with the state-of-the-art BO methods that use Gaussian process (GP) and non-recurrent network as surrogate models. The results verify the superior performance of the proposed fast charging approaches, which mainly results from that: (i) the BRNN-based surrogate model provides a more precise prediction of battery lifetime than that based on GP or non-recurrent network; and (ii) the combined acquisition function outperforms traditional EI or UCB criteria in exploring the optimal charging protocol that maintains the longest battery lifetime.

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