Fast Federated Edge Learning with Overlapped Communication and Computation and Channel-Aware Fair Client Scheduling

We consider federated edge learning (FEEL) over wireless fading channels taking into account the downlink and uplink channel latencies, and the random computation delays at the clients. We speed up the training process by overlapping the communication with computation. With fountain coded transmission of the global model update, clients receive the global model asynchronously, and start performing local computations right away. Then, we propose a dynamic client scheduling policy, called MRTP, for uploading local model updates to the parameter server (PS), which, at any time, schedules the client with the minimum remaining upload time. However, MRTP can lead to biased participation of clients in the update process, resulting in performance degradation in non-iid data scenarios. To overcome this, we propose two alternative schemes with fairness considerations, termed as age-aware MRTP (A-MRTP), and opportunistically fair MRTP (OF-MRTP). In A-MRTP, the remaining clients are scheduled according to the ratio between their remaining transmission time and the update age, while in OF-MRTP, the selection mechanism utilizes the long term average channel rate of the clients to further reduce the latency while ensuring fair participation of the clients. It is shown through numerical simulations that OF-MRTP provides significant reduction in latency without sacrificing test accuracy.

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