Faster Convergence in Deep-Predictive-Coding Networks to Learn Deeper Representations

18 Jan 2021  ·  Isaac J. Sledge, Jose C. Principe ·

Deep-predictive-coding networks (DPCNs) are hierarchical, generative models. They rely on feed-forward and feed-back connections to modulate latent feature representations of stimuli in a dynamic and context-sensitive manner. A crucial element of DPCNs is a forward-backward inference procedure to uncover sparse, invariant features. However, this inference is a major computational bottleneck. It severely limits the network depth due to learning stagnation. Here, we prove why this bottleneck occurs. We then propose a new forward-inference strategy based on accelerated proximal gradients. This strategy has faster theoretical convergence guarantees than the one used for DPCNs. It overcomes learning stagnation. We also demonstrate that it permits constructing deep and wide predictive-coding networks. Such convolutional networks implement receptive fields that capture well the entire classes of objects on which the networks are trained. This improves the feature representations compared with our lab's previous non-convolutional and convolutional DPCNs. It yields unsupervised object recognition that surpass convolutional autoencoders and are on par with convolutional networks trained in a supervised manner.

PDF Abstract
No code implementations yet. Submit your code now


  Add Datasets introduced or used in this paper

Results from the Paper

  Submit results from this paper to get state-of-the-art GitHub badges and help the community compare results to other papers.


No methods listed for this paper. Add relevant methods here