H-GCN: A Graph Convolutional Network Accelerator on Versal ACAP Architecture

28 Jun 2022  ·  Chengming Zhang, Tong Geng, Anqi Guo, Jiannan Tian, Martin Herbordt, Ang Li, Dingwen Tao ·

Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) have drawn tremendous attention due to their unique capability to extend Machine Learning (ML) approaches to applications broadly-defined as having unstructured data, especially graphs. Compared with other Machine Learning (ML) modalities, the acceleration of Graph Neural Networks (GNNs) is more challenging due to the irregularity and heterogeneity derived from graph typologies. Existing efforts, however, have focused mainly on handling graphs' irregularity and have not studied their heterogeneity. To this end we propose H-GCN, a PL (Programmable Logic) and AIE (AI Engine) based hybrid accelerator that leverages the emerging heterogeneity of Xilinx Versal Adaptive Compute Acceleration Platforms (ACAPs) to achieve high-performance GNN inference. In particular, H-GCN partitions each graph into three subgraphs based on its inherent heterogeneity, and processes them using PL and AIE, respectively. To further improve performance, we explore the sparsity support of AIE and develop an efficient density-aware method to automatically map tiles of sparse matrix-matrix multiplication (SpMM) onto the systolic tensor array. Compared with state-of-the-art GCN accelerators, H-GCN achieves, on average, speedups of 1.1~2.3X.

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