Harvesting Event Schemas from Large Language Models

12 May 2023  ·  Jialong Tang, Hongyu Lin, Zhuoqun Li, Yaojie Lu, Xianpei Han, Le Sun ·

Event schema provides a conceptual, structural and formal language to represent events and model the world event knowledge. Unfortunately, it is challenging to automatically induce high-quality and high-coverage event schemas due to the open nature of real-world events, the diversity of event expressions, and the sparsity of event knowledge. In this paper, we propose a new paradigm for event schema induction -- knowledge harvesting from large-scale pre-trained language models, which can effectively resolve the above challenges by discovering, conceptualizing and structuralizing event schemas from PLMs. And an Event Schema Harvester (ESHer) is designed to automatically induce high-quality event schemas via in-context generation-based conceptualization, confidence-aware schema structuralization and graph-based schema aggregation. Empirical results show that ESHer can induce high-quality and high-coverage event schemas on varying domains.

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