Hierarchical Topic Mining via Joint Spherical Tree and Text Embedding

18 Jul 2020  ·  Yu Meng, Yunyi Zhang, Jiaxin Huang, Yu Zhang, Chao Zhang, Jiawei Han ·

Mining a set of meaningful topics organized into a hierarchy is intuitively appealing since topic correlations are ubiquitous in massive text corpora. To account for potential hierarchical topic structures, hierarchical topic models generalize flat topic models by incorporating latent topic hierarchies into their generative modeling process. However, due to their purely unsupervised nature, the learned topic hierarchy often deviates from users' particular needs or interests. To guide the hierarchical topic discovery process with minimal user supervision, we propose a new task, Hierarchical Topic Mining, which takes a category tree described by category names only, and aims to mine a set of representative terms for each category from a text corpus to help a user comprehend his/her interested topics. We develop a novel joint tree and text embedding method along with a principled optimization procedure that allows simultaneous modeling of the category tree structure and the corpus generative process in the spherical space for effective category-representative term discovery. Our comprehensive experiments show that our model, named JoSH, mines a high-quality set of hierarchical topics with high efficiency and benefits weakly-supervised hierarchical text classification tasks.

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Task Dataset Model Metric Name Metric Value Global Rank Result Benchmark
Topic Models Arxiv HEP-TH citation graph JoSH Topic coherence@5 0.0074 # 1
MACC 83.24 # 1
Topic Models NYT JoSH Topic coherence@5 0.0166 # 1
MACC 90.91 # 1


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