Hierarchy exploitation to detect missing annotations on hierarchical multi-label classification

13 Jul 2022  ·  Miguel Romero, Felipe Kenji Nakano, Jorge Finke, Camilo Rocha, Celine Vens ·

The availability of genomic data has grown exponentially in the last decade, mainly due to the development of new sequencing technologies. Based on the interactions between genes (and gene products) extracted from the increasing genomic data, numerous studies have focused on the identification of associations between genes and functions. While these studies have shown great promise, the problem of annotating genes with functions remains an open challenge. In this work, we present a method to detect missing annotations in hierarchical multi-label classification datasets. We propose a method that exploits the class hierarchy by computing aggregated probabilities to the paths of classes from the leaves to the root for each instance. The proposed method is presented in the context of predicting missing gene function annotations, where these aggregated probabilities are further used to select a set of annotations to be verified through in vivo experiments. The experiments on Oriza sativa Japonica, a variety of rice, showcase that incorporating the hierarchy of classes into the method often improves the predictive performance and our proposed method yields superior results when compared to competitor methods from the literature.

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