HPRN: Holistic Prior-embedded Relation Network for Spectral Super-Resolution

29 Dec 2021  ·  Chaoxiong Wu, Jiaojiao Li, Rui Song, Yunsong Li, Qian Du ·

Spectral super-resolution (SSR) refers to the hyperspectral image (HSI) recovery from an RGB counterpart. Due to the one-to-many nature of the SSR problem, a single RGB image can be reprojected to many HSIs. The key to tackle this ill-posed problem is to plug into multi-source prior information such as the natural spatial context-prior of RGB images, deep feature-prior or inherent statistical-prior of HSIs, etc., so as to effectively alleviate the degree of ill-posedness. However, most current approaches only consider the general and limited priors in their customized convolutional neural networks (CNNs), which leads to the inability to guarantee the confidence and fidelity of reconstructed spectra. In this paper, we propose a novel holistic prior-embedded relation network (HPRN) to integrate comprehensive priors to regularize and optimize the solution space of SSR. Basically, the core framework is delicately assembled by several multi-residual relation blocks (MRBs) that fully facilitate the transmission and utilization of the low-frequency content prior of RGBs. Innovatively, the semantic prior of RGB inputs is introduced to mark category attributes, and a semantic-driven spatial relation module (SSRM) is invented to perform the feature aggregation of clustered similar range for refining recovered characteristics. Additionally, we develop a transformer-based channel relation module (TCRM), which breaks the habit of employing scalars as the descriptors of channel-wise relations in the previous deep feature-prior, and replaces them with certain vectors to make the mapping function more robust and smoother. In order to maintain the mathematical correlation and spectral consistency between hyperspectral bands, the second-order prior constraints (SOPC) are incorporated into the loss function to guide the HSI reconstruction.

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