Hybrid Beamforming for Millimeter Wave MIMO Integrated Sensing and Communications

12 Mar 2022  ·  Chenhao Qi, Wei Ci, Jinming Zhang, Xiaohu You ·

In this letter, we consider hybrid beamforming for millimeter wave (mmWave) MIMO integrated sensing and communications (ISAC). We design the transmit beam of a dual-functional radar-communication (DFRC) base station (BS), aiming at approaching the objective radar beam pattern, subject to the constraints of the signal to interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) of communication users and total transmission power of the DFRC BS. To provide additional degree of freedom for the beam design problem, we introduce a phase vector to the objective beam pattern and propose an alternating minimization method to iteratively optimize the transmit beam and the phase vector, which involves second-order cone programming and constrained least squared estimation, respectively. Then based on the designed transmit beam, we determine the analog beamformer and digital beamformer subject to the constant envelop constraint of phase shifter network in mmWave MIMO, still using the alternating minimization method. Simulation results show that under the same SINR constraint of communication users, larger antenna array can achieve better radar beam quality.

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